45 terms

APUSH Chapter 41

New Democrats
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Monica Lewinsky
1990s; had affair with Clinton who denied it under oath, but there was physical evidence; he was impeached for perjury and his resulting political battles kept him from being productive in his final term paving way for the seemingly moral Bush in 2000
Madeleine Albright
Secretary of State who tried to work out peace in the Middle East
John McCain
This Republican senator was a prisoner of war during the Vietnam War and is seeking the Republican nomination in the 2008 presidential election
Robert Dole
Attorney and retired United States Senator from Kansas (1969-1996) longest serving Republican leader. Was the 1996 presidential nominee for the Republican party but lost to Bill Clinton. (Gerald Ford's VP running mate in 1976 election).
Newt Gingrich
Representative from Georgia who led the "Contract with America" and eventually became the Speaker of the House; he and Clinton battled many times while he demanded tax cuts and a balancing of the budget
Hillary Clinton
Prominent child care advocate and health care reformer in Clinton administration; won U.S. senate seat in 2000
Janet Reno
was the first female attorney general. She is considered one of the most popular attorney generals in recent times. She was part of a number of minority appointments made by Clinton during his presidency.
Ron Brown
secretary of commerce; showed clint was racially accepting
Henry Cisneros
housing and urban development; san antonio mayor formerly
Donna Shalala
Secretary of Health and Human Services Donna Shalala
Carol Mosely-Braun
was the first woman ever elected to the Senate.
Enron and Worldcom
companies who committed fraud, leading to disillusionment with the business world in America
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Clinton-appointed female Supreme Court justice
H. Ross Perot
independent presidential candidate who was a Texas billionaire who harped incessantly on the problem of the federal deficit and made a boast of the fact that he had never held any public office.
J. Danforth Quayle
In 1988, incumbent U.S. Vice-President and Republican presidential candidate George H. W. Bush called upon Quayle to be his running mate in the forthcoming election. Although this choice was met with some dismay, the Bush/Quayle ticket won the 1988 Election over Democrat Michael Dukakis. Making official visits to 47 countries and being appointed chairman of the National Space Council, Quayle's vice-presidency was considered to be very eventful. He secured re-nomination for vice-president in 1992 but the Bush/Quayle ticket was defeated by Democrat Bill Clinton and his vice-presidential nominee, Al Gore.
George H.W. Bush
President from 1989-1993, Bush oversaw the Gulf War. He was a pragmatist, and chose to work with rather than confront the Democratic Congress. He supervised the savings and loan bailouts, tried to fight the "war on drugs," saw the Berlin Wall fall, and dealt with Panama
William Clinton
While initially fairly liberal in his policies, this man slowly moved to a more moderate stance. His presidency was more focused on economic issues than Democrats in the past had been.
"axis of evil"
A group of nations accused by the Bush administration of sponsoring terrorism and threatening to develop weapons of mass destruction. DIPLOMATIC.
"a-symmetrical warfare"
military action between a superpower using strategies dependent on high-technology weapons and the low technology and guerilla tactics used in small insurgent groups., A smaller force attacks the weak points of a much larger military
"red" and "blue" states
Red states are states that tend to vote predominantly for the Republican Party and blue states are states that tend to vote predominantly for the Democratic Party.
"ethnic cleansing"
Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region
Gratz v. Bollinger
affirmative action case
a point system for admission in which points were given for race was ruled unconstitutional
too much like a quota system
upheld Bakke case

and Hamacher applied at U of Michigan and were denied. Minorities were admitted as long as they were qualified to achieve diversity. Unconstitutional, point system, not "narrowly tailored"
the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by free trade, free flow of capital and the tapping of cheaper foreign labor markets
"unfunded mandates"
actions imposed by the federal or state government on lower levels of government which are not accompanied by the money needed to fund the action required.
"culture wars"
the struggles over meanings, identity and influence that exist in any society (ex. What is good music? Elvis in his time)
Kyoto Treaty
international environmental agreement limiting greenhouse gas emissions
International Atomic Energy Agency
expelled by Hussein
expelled by Hussein
Grutter v. Bollinger
was white and had high qualifications for admission but was denied because U of Michigan wanted "diversity". Constitutional, "narrowly tailored"
World Trade Organization (WTO)
World Trade Organization; International organization formed in 1995 to encourage the expansion of world trade.

International trade organization that prompted strong protests from anti-global trade forces in Seattle, Washington in 1999
Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
Bush's response to the 911 attack on America; he invaded the terrorists haven of Afganistan and our claims that Iraq had possession of these and ties to terrorists. Failure to find these in the Iranians possessions.
USA - Patriot Act
After September 11, congress passed a security legislation in order to make the country safer. The Patriot Act gives the authorities enhanced powers, such as looking up library records, to protect the country.
extreme conservative Muslims, protected Osama bin Laden by allowing him to hide in Afghanistan after he masterminded the September 11, 2001, attack on the United States, government of Afghanistan until 2001, harbored and encouraged Al-Qaeda
Al Qaeda
International network of terrorists led by Saudi exile Osama bin Laden
World Trade Center
bombed in 1993 and destroyed by 9/11
September 11, 2001
Common shorthand for the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, in which 19 militant Islamist men hijacked and crashed four commercial aircraft. Nearly 3000 people were killed in the worst case of domestic terrorism in American history.
a series of real estate dealings in Arkansas involving Bill Clinton long before he became President; Republicans accused Clinton of associated financial improprieties, but no charges were ever proven. The whitewater affair was one of several accusations that eventually led to Clinton being impeached by the House of Representatives but acquitted by the Senate
A province of Serbian dominated Yugoslavia where a civil war broke out between them adn Serbians. When the United States joined with them and led a bombing against the Serbians, the Serbian leader, Slobodan Milosevic, took a little more than a week to agree to cease fire.
Brady Bill
1994 legislation passed during the Clinton adminstration which required background checks to puchase fire arms
Hopwood v. Texas
the federal appeals court decision Clinton viewed as an assault on affirmative action came in this case
Contract with America
Conservative campaign platform that led to a sweeping Republican victory int he 1994 mid-term elections
Welfare Reform Bill
Bill that made reductions in welfare grants and required able welfare recipients to find employment.
Columbine High School
Colorado high school where a deadly shooting in 1999 stirred a national movement against guns and gun violence
Branch Davidians
fundamental sect led by David Koresh that had trouble with federal troops