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Terms in this set (19)
A person who flees his pr her homeland to seek safety elsewhere.
Land seized by Israel during the 1967 war with Arab nations.
Forceful act in response to injury.
A mass uprising by Palestinians in territory held by Israel.
What does OPEC stand for?
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.
What was the goal of OPEC?
Was to end the power of western oil companies over oil prices.
As world demand for oil rose in the 1970s, what increased?
During the Arab-Israeli war in 1973, what did OPEC stop?
OPEC stopped Middle-Eastern Oil shipments to countries that supported Israel, including the United States.
After the hard hit will rising oil prices, after the 1970s many nation reduced what?
They reduced their dependence on OPEC oil. Some turned to conservation and alternative energy sources.
What are two nations that never joined OPEC?
Russia and Mexico. Both have large oil resources and they make their own decisions about how much oil to produce.
After WWII, what did the Jews want to do?
They wanted to create an Independent State in Palestine.
Why did Palestinian Arabs bitterly oppose the arrival of Jewish immigrants?
They had no desire to lose any of their homeland to make up for wrongs done to Jews in Europe.
When were more than 500,000 Arabs flee or were driven out of Palestine during and after what?
The 1948 war.
Why did some Arab leaders refuse to abandon refugee camps?
So they can avoid giving ideas that they were giving ideas that they were giving up on the goal of regaining Palestine Homeland.
In 1993, hopes for peace revived when Israel and PLO agreed to what?
The Olso records.
Under the Oslo records that were Israel and the PLO agreeing to?
They agreed to recognize each other. The PLO promised to stop attacking Israel in return, Israel would withdraw forces from parts of the occupied territories.
What is PLO?
Palestine Liberation Organization.
Who is Naguib Mahfouz?
The most popular modern writer in the Arab world. Know for the The Cairo Trilogy
Who is Shmual Yosef Agron?
A leading Israeli novelist and short-story writer. He received a Nobel Prize and was best known for his novel, The Day Before Yesterday.
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