16 terms

Mountain Climbing Terms

Vocabulary for Peak and Everest unit
STUDY
PLAY
abyss
a gap or crack in the ground that is so deep or wide that its extent is not visible
acclimatize
to adapt or get used to a new climate or environment
alpinist
a mountain climber, especially in the Alps
arête
a narrow ridge of bare rock situated between two or more deep smooth-sided semicircular areas
bivouac
a simple, temporary camp that is set up and used by mountaineers
buttress
a large projecting rock mass that appears to support the rock above it
cairn
a mound of stones piled up as a memorial or to mark a boundary or path
carabiner
a metal ring with a spring clip on one side, used in climbing to secure ropes
crampon
a set of metal spikes fastened to the sole of a boot or shoe to provide better traction on ice or snow
crevasse
a fissure or deep cleft in glacial ice or the earth
jumar
mountaineering clip that grips rope when weight is applied
rappel
move down the side of a cliff or mountain using ropes attached to a rock and harness for safety
serac
a ridge, pinnacle or block of ice in the crevasses or slope of a glacier
balaclava
a close-fitting knitted covering for the head and neck that leaves only the face or eyes exposed
puja
a daily devotion in Hinduism, consisting of ritual offering of food, drink, ritual actions, and prayers, most commonly to an image of a deity
yeti
a mysterious hairy human-like animal said to live in the Himalayas. Also known as the Abominable Snowman

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