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Regarded as the last play Shakespeare wrote alone. Most direct engagement with colonial expansion (1611). Also considered a romance play (among Winter's Tale, Cymbeline, and Pericles.

Plot: Alonso, King of Naples, returns from Tunis, where his daughter has been recently married. A tempest destroys the boat, and the crew is shipwrecked on a mysterious island. Prosperous, former duke off Milan, tells his daughter Miranda his own story about how his brother Antonio had usurped him and forced him to flee. Prospero escaped to the island with his daughter and magic books. The only inhabitants of the island are Caliban, whom Prospero eventually enslaves, and many spirits (Ariel). Ferdinand (shipwrecked dude) falls in love with Miranda, and the two get married...

Prospero and Caliban (colonizer and colonized)... Margaret Paul Joseph 1992 critical work "Caliban in Exile"... Robert Browning's dramatic monologue "Caliban in Setebos" (1864) champions Caliban as a "natural man" in Rousseau's sense of the term.

Famous Quotes: "All lost! To prayers, to prayers! All lost!" (Mariners); "I, thus neglecting worldly ends, all dedicated / to closeness and the bettering of my mind..." (Prospero) "...all the charms / of Sycorax, toads, battles, bats, light on you; / For I am all the subjects that you have, / Which first was mine own king..." (Caliban); "You taught me language, and my profit on it / Is I know how to curse. The red plague rid you / For learning me your language!" (Caliban); "O wonder! / How many goodly creatures are there here! / How beauteous mankind is! / O brave new world / That such people int!" (Miranda)
Portrays race in the form of the Jewish moneylender, Shylock.

Bassanio, a young Venetian, decides to try to marry Portia, a beautiful heiress, upon learning that her fortune might be his. He needs 3000 ducats to woo her and asks Antonio (the merchant), who needs to borrow the money himself from Shylock. Shylock doesn't like Antonio because Antonio is anti-Semitic, but he lends him the money...on the condition that, if he can't pay it back, Shylock gets "a pound of flesh." Portia's father says that her suitors must choose one of three casks before marrying her...one cask has the picture of Portia in it...if the suitor picks that one, then he may marry Portia. Shylock's daughter runs off with Lorenzo, so he's upset when Antonio can't pay. Bassanio tries to help, but all Shylock wants to do is make Antonio suffer. Portia returns to save Antonio...Shylock must give up his wealth as consequence for trying to murder, etc.

Famous Quotes:
"I will buy with you, sell with you, talk with you, walk with you, and so following, but i will not eat with you, drink with you, nor pray with you." (Shylock) // "The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose. / An evil soul producing holy witness / Is like a villain with a smiling cheek, / A goodly apple rotten at the heart. / O, what a goodly outside falsehood hath!" (Shylock) // "But love is blind, and lovers cannot see / The pretty follies that themselves commit...What, must I hold a candle to my shames?" (Jessica) // "I am a Jew. Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, sense, affections, passions...If you prick us, do we not bleed?" (Shylock)