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15 terms

Missing Terms

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Rarified
Having low density
Kirchoff's 3 laws of spectral analysis
A hot solid or a hot, dense gas produces a continuous spectrum.
A hot, low-density gas produces an emission-line spectrum.
A continuous spectrum source viewed through a cool, low-density gas produces an absorption-line spectrum.
electromagnetic wave
a wave that doesn't require matter to transfer energy
e=mc2
theory of relativity, e=energy m=mass c=speed of light
red giant star
a large cool star of high luminosity, a large cool star
center of mass
the average position of the various mass elements of a body or system, weighted according to their distances from that center of mass that point in an isolated system that moves with constant velocity according to Newton's first law of motion
SN 1987A
first supernova seen in 1987 first star to be observed before it was a supernova and after. Most of what we know today about SuperNovas came from this. seen in chili by a Canadian
Core-collapse (Type II) Supernova
death of a massive star
Thermonuclear (Type I a) supernova
when a white dwarf accumulates matter from a companion star at a much faster rate and is pushed over the chandrasekhar limit.
James Clerk Maxwel
The scientist who worked out the mathematics of the connections between electricity, magnetism, and light in the 19th century was
Hertz
s a unit of frequency, equivalent to once cycle per second
photon
When a positron and an electron collide, they produce:
About 1,000,000 years.
Roughly how long does it take for the energy from photons created by hydrogen fusion at the center of the Sun to reach the surface of the Sun?
helium
The second most abundant element in the Sun, by mass, is:
Main sequence, red giant, white dwarf
Which of the following is the correct life sequence for a low-mass star