chapter 1 The Democratic Republic

Mr Sasa's class
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

anarchy
a state of lawlessness and disorder (usually resulting from a failure of government)
aristocracy
the most powerful members of a society
authoritarianism
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.), a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.), a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
authority
the power or right to give orders or make decisions
Bill of Rights
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
capitalism
an economic system based on private property and free enterprise
civil liberties
freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment
consent of the people
The idea that governments and laws derive their legitimacy from the consent of the governed.
conservatism
A belief that limited government ensures order, competitive markets, and personal opportunity.
democracy
rule by the people
democratic republic
A republic in which representatives elected by the people make and enforce laws and policies.
direct democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
elite theory
a perspective holding that society is ruled by a small number of people who exercise power to further their self-interest.
equality
as a political value, the idea that all people are of equal worth.
government
defined as an institution in which decisions are made that resolve conflicts or allocate benefits and privileges.
ideology
set of beliefs about political values and the role of government
initiative
a process by which the people may vote directly on laws or constitutional amendments
institution
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for society
legislature
A governmental body primarily responsible for the making of laws.
legitimacy
popular acceptance of the right and power of a government or other entity to exercise authority
liberalism
place a high value on social and economic equality, positive government action
libertarianism
A political ideology based on skepticism or opposition toward almost all government activities.
liberty
The greatest freedom of individuals that is consistent with the freedom of other individuals in the society.
limited government
A government with powers that are limited either through a written document or through widely shared beliefs.
majoritarianism
a political theory holding that in a democracy, the government ought to do what the majority of the people want.
majority
more than half
majority rule
The political idea that the majority of an organized group should have the power to make decisions for the whole group.
oligarchy
rule by a few
order
a state of peace and security. Maintaining order by protecting members of society from violence and criminal activity is the oldest purpose of government.
pluralism
a struggle among groups to gain benefits for their members
political culture
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
political socialization
the process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions
politics
Method of maintaining, managing, and gaining control of government (who gets what, when, and how)
popular sovereignty
the concept that ultimate political authority is based on the will of the people
property
anything that may be owned.
recall
procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office
referendum
The practice of letting voters accept or reject measures proposed by the legislature
representative democracy
A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
republic
a form of government in which sovereign power rests with the people, rather than with a king or a monarch
socialism
a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
theocracy
"rule by God" rule by self-appointed religious leaders
totalitarian regime
A form of government that controls all aspects of the political and social life of a nation.
universal suffrage
the right of all adults to vote for their representatives