15 terms

Science 1 (new list)

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science
Gaining knowledge through observation and experimentation
scientific method
The process through which scientists attempt to answer questions about the natural world
observation
Information you gather by using your senses
hypothesis
A proposed explanation for an observation
experiment
An investigation in which information is collected under controlled conditions
variable
A factor that can be changed
controlled experiment
An experiment in which you change only one variable at a time
independent variable
A factor that is changed in an experiment
dependent variable
The factor that is observed to find out if it changes as a result of the independent variable
control group
The group in an experiment in which all the variables are kept the same
experimental group
The group in an experiment in which the independent variable is changed
data
The information obtained through observation
conclusion
A statement that uses evidence from an experiment to indicate whatever the hypothesis is supported
theory
An explanation for a broad range of observations that is supported by a body of scientific evidence
prediction
A statement that suggests what a person thinks will happen in the future based on past experience