Narration/Point of View I
Terms in this set (11)
First-Person (Participant) Point of View
First-person pronouns (I, me, my, we, us, our) are used to tell the story
Understands other characters only by observing what they say and do, this narrator cannot enter the minds of the other characters and is unable to grasp their inner thoughts.
Outlines what a character observes and feels, and thus the narrator's conclusions may be inaccurate
May contribute to dramatic irony; there is a discrepancy between what the narrator
knows and what the reader understands
Narrator as a major character
The story is told by and is chiefly about the narrator: narrator as a __________ character
Narrator as a minor character
The narrator tells a story that focuses on someone else, but the narrator is still a character in the story: narrator as a __________ character
The character telling the story may be a child or a developmentally disabled individual; the narrator is thus naïve. The contrast between what the innocent-eye narrator perceives and what the reader understands may produce an ironic effect.
Third-Person (Nonparticipant) Point of View
Third-person pronouns (he, him, she, her, they, them) are used to tell the story
Third-Person Omniscient Point of View
The author can enter the minds of all the characters. The omniscient point of view allows great freedom in that the narrator knows all there is to know about the characters, externally and internally.
The third-person narrator describes what characters are feeling and thinking,
The third-person narrator describes what characters do,
The narrator may shift focus from the close view to the larger perspective.
The narrator may comment on events and characters, thus explaining their significance to the reader.
The narrator may offer multiple perspectives on the same event.
Third-Person Limited Omniscient Point of View
The author limits his omniscience to the minds of a few of the characters or to the mind of a single character. The author knows everything about a particular character.
The story is portrayed through the eyes of one character, and there is a sense of distance from the other characters.
The limited omniscient point of view approximates conditions of life in that only one character's thoughts are known. The story is more unified through the use of this point of view.
Second-Person Point of View
Although rarely used, this narrative technique uses second-person pronouns (you, your, yourself, etc.). Use of second-person point of view is uncommon because it directly involves the reader in the story, and the reader may be unwilling and unable to identify with the "you" in the story. An author may choose to use more than one point of view in a given work.
A narrator who can be trusted to tell the truth and he objective
A narrator who cannot be trusted to tell the truth or be objective
stream of consciousness
A narrative method in modern fiction in which the author tells the story through an unbroken flow of thought and awareness. The technique attempts to capture exactly what is going on in the mind of a character.
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