13 terms

Chapter 4 Energy

the transfer of energy
the rate at which energy is transferred (how fast energy is transferred)
Kinetic Energy
the energy of moving objects
Potential energy
the energy of an object based on position or shape
Gravitational Potential Energy
potential energy due to an object's HEIGHT
Elastic Potential Energy
potential energy due to an object's SHAPE
Mechanical Energy
a combination of an object's kinetic and potential energy
Chemical Energy
potential energy stored in chemical bonds (ex. in food, in matches)
Thermal Energy
energy related to the temperature of an object
Nuclear Energy
stored in the nucleus of an atom; released during a nuclear reaction
Electrical Energy
the energy of electric charges
Electromagnetic Energy
a type of energy that travels through space in waves
Law of Conservation of Energy
states that energy is neither created nor destroyed