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"Whatever is good will also probably involve some kind or degree of excellence"
"what is bad in itself is so because of thepresence of either pain or unhappiness or of some kind of defect or lack of excellence"
having no moral sense, or being indifferent to right and wrong
ie-pyschopaths have no sense of conscience, guilt, or remorse
Scientific.Descriptive approach of morality
Observes how human beings act in situations, but make no value judgments as to what is morally right or wrong
ie. human behavior or conduct
Believed Kohlberg's theory is wrong because he only studied boys
Primary motivator for girls is relationships
Primary motivator for guys is rules
individual- everyone act in my self interest
personal-believes that I ought to act in my own self interest
universal-everyone should act in their own self interest
Act- everyone should perform the act of bring the greatest good to people
Rule-everyone should follow the rule to bring the greatest good to people
accepts authority, values good manners, does not rock the boat, does what is socially acceptable
keenly sensitive to injustic, wants to change society, becomes active in local and national movements
virtues are dispositions that not only act in particular ways but also to feel in particular ways
Process of Discernment
wisdom of past experiences
Isaac Newton believed the universe is governed by mechnical ways, Darwin believed in the survival of the fittest
Freud's stages (oral, anal, latent, phallic) Skinner believed our behavior is determined by conditioning
concerns itself essentially with the equitable distribution of good and bad to humans
equally rewarded without ability or work
rewarded according to ability
rewarded for merit
rewarded for needs- about YOU
long and expensive training (specialist)
physical danger (firefighter, police)
unpleasantness of the job (nurse)
Theory of Justice
Motivated by doding what's right no matter the consequences
natural rights in a just society
Resitution- stole and must give back
rehabilitation- going to jail
reintegration-puts back into community
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