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Professional Knowledge (083) Review
Terms in this set (146)
the early bird gets the worm" is an example of
tests can be designed to require the use of higher-order thinking skills, and they can be used to test multiple concepts in a short period of time
tests and true/false tests can be used to test multiple concepts, but they are not as effective and lower-order thinking skills.
generally only test a student's understanding of a single concept.
Reflective learning communities
are made up of groups of teachers who meet regularly to reflect on instructional methods. Also called Professional Learning Communities (PLCs)
The School Advisory Council (SAC)
is responsible for developing the school improvement plan which the school staff will implement
are used to determine a student's prior knowledge.
These words have different meanings and spellings but are pronounced the same way
The Home Language Survey
is used to identify English language learners (ELLs) when they initially enroll in a Florida school.
The Florida Consent Decree
dictates how students with limited English proficiency are identified, assessed, placed, monitored, and exited from the ESOL program.
When students participate in deductive thinking
they start with a generalized principle, then apply it to specific situations. This is generally a more teacher-centered approach to learning
should provide immediate feedback for the students.
The Code of Ethics Principles of Professional Conduct
states that a teacher should not accept a gratuity, gift, or favor that might influence professional judgment. For this reason, if the teacher feels that the gift would influence his or her ability to fairly assess the student, the gift should be returned
are effective for developing ideas and categorizing information
A Venn diagram
would be used to compare and contrast two topics.
A 5 Ws chart
is used with a selection of text to record who, what, when, where, and why
A fishbone diagram
is used to show cause-and-effect relationships
The Florida Consent Decree
ensures that all students with limited English proficiency must be identified and assessed and details the procedures for the placements, monitoring, and exiting of students from the ESOL program
are changes to the way a child learns;
are changes to what they learn.
by ignoring the student's negative behavior
occurs when a teacher moves closer to an off-task student to control the student's behavior.
would do the right thing without teacher intervention
an exclusionary time-out
he or she can view what the class is doing, but cannot participate in the activity.
is part of being a reflective practitioner and an effective teacher
Negative reinforcement to occur,
a stimulus must be removed as the result of an increase in a behavior. For example, a student gets a lecture from his mother every day he leaves his homework at school. He begins bringing home his homework (an increased behavior) and his mother doesn't lecture him (stimulus removed).
Finding time to attend sessions
What is the biggest obstacle faced when scheduling professional development?
Total Physical Response (TPR)
is a technique that matches specific physical movements to classroom instruction to increase student motivation and retention.
would be motivated by producing a pictorial representation of what they have learned.
would prefer to express their knowledge with language in a written or auditory format.
would like to act out what they have learned.
would rather meditate on what they have learned and how well they have learned it.
would perform well if given a lesson that required them to self-reflect.
When students learn to use self-praise, they learn to be self-motivated and are --------- to perform well
The four basic steps that are used in reciprocal teaching are
predicting, questioning, clarifying, summarizing.
A cognitive objective
has three main components: the condition, the behavior, and the degre
A school advisory council's purpose
is to work with elected teachers, parents, and concerned community members to develop a school improvement plan
are useful tools for calculating running totals of scores since they can be designed to calculate averages as you add in data.
most effective way to present vocabulary is
in context to convey rich meaning to the students.
An anticipation chart
helps students to access prior knowledge and focus thinking during a lesson.
An inverted triangle
is used to focus a writing topic
Cognitive academic language proficiency (CALP
) takes between five to seven years to master, so the student's academic struggles are probably the result of only having mastered basic interpersonal communication skills.
Basic interpersonal communication skills (BICS)
can be mastered in two years.
input hypothesis model of second-language acquisition states that learners should understand most of what they are learning and that it should be presented at a level just above their ability level.
The No Child Left Behind Act
requires that all state-mandated testing for native English speakers and non-native English learners must be given in English.
The site license for software
will describe the rules concerning making copies of the product and will also state on how many computers the program may be installed
If this was an arrest or major incident like a DUI, the teacher would have ------ hours to self-report
Failure to report an arrest to the Florida Department of Education within ------- is grounds for dismissal and certificate revocation, regardless of the outcome of the arres
A reflective learning community
is a group of educators who meet to discuss and improve upon instructional practices to meet the needs of the learners
The principal and staff
have the responsibility of implementing the school improvement plan
The school advisory council
designs the plan, but does not implement it.
A cloze activity
is a fill-in-the-blank assignment with a word ban
an example of onset-rime
teacher has students change the beginning letters of words to make new words (b-at, c-at, v-at), then has them switch the ending sounds on words (c-at, c-ar, c-ake)
are high-frequency words that students memorize in order to know them by sight.
lists do have similar endings, but only vat, cat, and bat are in the same word family
The initial stages of language acquisition are
pre-production, early production, speech emergent, and intermediate fluency
are used to show a relationship between a main theme and supporting ideas.
is a three-column chart that is used for students to record what they already know about a subject and what they want to learn about a subject prior to the lesson beginning
are a type of informal evaluation; Teachers record their observations of student performance, and over time they can see patterns of growth;useful to document the effectiveness of interventions and can be used in action research;not used to calculate report-card grades; not included in a student portfolio; shared with students or parents to aid in goal setting
is most effective when it is given 24-48 hours after the activity or assessment has been complete
is characterized by a silent period during which the student listens but rarely speaks
early production stage
students will begin to learn to correctly pronounce words, though errors will be frequent
Students that are verbally articulate but are still struggling with academic language
self-report an arrest for possession of a controlled substance
A thematic unit
is a series of activities across the curriculum that focuses on one theme that addresses multiple standards in the same context.
According to the Principles for Professional Conduct for the Education Profession in Florida, the teacher has an obligation to the public
to "take reasonable precautions to distinguish between personal views and those of any educational institution or organization with which the individual is affiliated." The teacher also may not "intentionally distort or misrepresent facts concerning an educational matter in direct or indirect public expression."
The No Child Left Behind Act
gives school districts the rights and responsibilities of providing services for English language learners
deals with the manipulation of phonemes, the smallest units of sound. It does not include spelling.
starts with clues and the student must develop a generalized explanation. For example: students gather details about various types of mammals, and then develop their own general statement to explain how all mammals are alike; for inquiry-based learning and project or problem-based learning.
are used to assess reading performance as a student reads from a benchmark book
Big Ideas in Beginning Reading
Accuracy and Fluency with text.
include visual aspects of the text that help students predict and gain meaning from a reading selection; is a critical benchmark addressed in reading comprehension.
includes the ability to recognize text features, decode words in context, and identify narrative elements in text
is reading with speed, prosody, and accuracy. A student may read a selection of text fluently, yet not understand its meaning
is a component of fluency that includes intonation and rhythm
is the ability to identify the smallest units of sound in a word
The Office of Professional Practice Service
s is tasked with investigating educator misconduct.
The Commissioner of Education
is responsible for ensuring that the proficiency level of all students increases through instruction, assessment, and accountability.
1st stage of Piaget: Sensorimotor
18-24 months birth through ages months
They focus on what they see, what they are doing, and physical interactions with their immediate environment. The later stages include goal-oriented behavior which brings about a desired result.
2nd stage of Piaget: Preoperational
(18- 24 months) through early childhood (age 7)
During this stage, young children are able to think about things symbolically. Their language use becomes more mature. They also develop memory and imagination; this allows them to understand the difference between past and future, and engage in make-believe.
3rd stage of Piaget: Concrete operational
ages 7- 12
At this time, elementary-age and preadolescent children demonstrate logical, concrete reasoning. Children's thinking becomes less egocentric and they are more aware of the world around them.
4th stage of Piaget: Formal operational
adolescence through adulthood
Adolescents who reach this stage of intellectual development are able to logically use symbols related to abstract concepts, such as algebra and science..
prior to instruction and reviewing them after instruction increases student retention
starts with a question, then students must find the answer through experimentation or research
are elected to the school advisory council by other parents
is the study of a word's implied meaning
is the construction of words.
Letter-sound recognition activities help students learn
believes that teaching students to think critically is more important than teaching them basic knowledge.
believes that students learn best when knowledge is scaffolded through the assistance of a slightly more skilled peer in the student's zone of proximal development.
Piaget and Vygotsky
both found importance in the relationship between peer interaction and cognitive development.
is powerful internal (intrinsic) motivator, and it is why the "Attention Grabber" part of a lesson plan is critical
The Professional Development Protocol Standards
require that the school provide beginning teachers with a coach or mentor
A student's individualized education program (IEP)
must contain the desired behavior, the conditions for the behavior, and the criteria for assessing the behavior.
occurs when a student highlights important information and key words in a selection of text.
include monitoring thinking while reading, not just after.
can be a powerful tool or weapon
If a teacher does not have the ------------- on their teaching certificate, he or she must send home out-of-field letters informing parents that the teacher does not have the ESOL endorsement.
7 stanine score
indicates that the student performed better than 70 percent of the students who took the same test
of the story would be that when we work together, we accomplish great things
LEP (limited English proficiency) team meeting
the team meets, it is common to find in attendance the child's parents or guardian, the school psychologist and social worker, the student's general education and ESOL teachers, and any other staff members who have a direct interest in the student's success.
A mathematically transformed raw score is called a
formal operational stage
What stage of the theory begins at age 11?
Teach critical thinking along with content
best way to teach critical thinking
has many uses other than numerical applications
receiving phenomena (awareness of feelings)
responding to phenomena (the learner engaged in active participation)
valuing (ability to see worth)
organization (ability to put value on one thing over another)
characterization ( ability to internalize values).
Benjamin Bloom's Taxonomy
levels are: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation
The right to --------- is established in the Fourteenth Amendment. -------- is the procedure that must be followed in order to dismiss a teacher
Jerry Mintz introduced the 'Organic Curriculum' idea,
which was based on a learner-directed approach for students and allows the curriculum to be customized to the student as well as the teachers and educato
Admission Review and Dismissal Committee.
A group that meets in the educational setting to monitor the progress of an exceptional student and make decisions about services for the student is
Experiential learning is based on learning experiences.
What learning domain is origination a subcategory of
can be found in both the 5th and 14th amendment.
first stage, the pre-conventional
children focus on obedience and punishment. They obey so they won't be punished.
2nd stage two, individualism and change
children behave to avoid punishment but also to seek a reward for good behavior.
the third stage, mutual interpersonal conformity
children want to please the people who are important to them, their parents or their peers
In stage four
students recognize the importance of the established order. This is the law and order stage.
The fifth stage, the social contract stage,
students begin to understand the importance of individual rights and social contracts.
The final stage is the principled conscience stage
In this stage, rarely reached by students, people develop ethical guiding principles for life
When a student applies a word to name several things or people, he is
is being too restrictive in the use of a word
Madeline Hunter Madeline Hunter developed the Madeline Hunter Method.
This is a model for direct instruction where teaching is focused on input, modeling, demonstration, direction, and determining understanding.
seeks to create assessments that are appropriate for all learners.
for a school sets out what the school envisions for the future, perhaps something that is not attainable right now.
sets out what the school intends to become for its students like what it wants for the near term.
philosophy of education is known as "progressive education."
A test that focuses on the specific information in a unit demonstrates
is the belief that students have about their abilities
setting, due process
is known as a letter/complaint filed about a conflict related a part of the child's education
According to Weiner, young children
are MORE likely to attribute success to luck
According to Weiner, The older the child
more likely they are to attribute success to other factors like ability and effort.
is the extent that an assessment is consistent.
3 main reliability measures.
They are stability or test-retest, alternate form, and internal consistency.
4 strands for curriculum recommended by the Committee of Ten
Classical, Latin-scientific, Modern Language, and English.
In team teaching, two or more teachers share the responsibility for a content area.
revolves around connecting real-world applications or situations with in-class learning.
A stanine scores
is based on a nine point standard scale with a mean of five and a standard deviation of two.
observation/experience and definitions/examples
Student learn concepts generally by two methods:
When a student uses different linguistic patterns in class, at home, or on the playground, she is using a
NASET's Excellence in Special Education Award
is awarded to organizations and schools that demonstrate a strong commitment to educate and advocate for student's with disabilities and the families.
Erik Erikson talks about psychosocial stages. His ideas were mainly influenced by
involves using specific premises to draw a generalized conclusion
involves starting with a general premise that leads to a specific conclusion.
When writing learning objectives for this category, one might use verbs such as "to improve", "to increase", "to touch", and "to bend".
was a German psychologist that first used the term "intelligence quotient." IQ
The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, 2004.
implemented the proposition that says, 'Teachers are committed to students and their learning'