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body systems, herbalism, alternative medicine
Terms in this set (90)
the art and science concerned with herbs and their uses particularly with regard to their health enhancing properties
The Indian system of medicine is called
Who said "Let your foods be your medicines, and your medicines your food
The healing tradition of the Native Americans, like that of many early cultures based on a belief of an unseen world
Australian aborigines discovered .... which was used as an antiseptic during WWII
Tea Tree Oil
a seed producing plant that does not develop persistent woody tissue but dies down at the end of the growing season. Also, a plant or plant part valued for its medicinal, savory, or aromatic qualities.
for health purposes including the treatment and prevention of disease
herbs used to season food
refers to herbs, plant parts, or flower that are used for their aroma such as in perfume, fragrances, incense
What is the difference between an herb and a drug
An herb is a plant or plant part used in its entirety, where a drug is a synthesized copy of one chemical component such as a component found in an herb.
Scientist and Herbalists use the term .... as a noun to refer to what they consider to be an .... ingredient of the herb
The benefits that an herb provides are not just a result of 2 chemicals but of a .... interaction between 2 chemicals and a host of other naturally occuring chemicals found in the herb.
It is estimated that .... % of all medical diagnoses are wrong
What does TSP stand for?
Treat Support and Prevent and is part of the Body Systems Approach
Where does the digestive process begin?
with the senses
The first step of digestion is ....
mastication the chewing process
From the mouth the food travels to the stomach by way of the....
The muscles in the esophagus squeeze the food downward with a wavelike motion a process referred to as....
The stomach acid is kept out of the esophagus by the action of the....
Another sphincter valve, the .... keeps the food in the stomach until it has been properly churned and mixed.
The substance secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder and released into the small intestines for the emulsification of fats is....
The nutrients are absorbed through tiny lymph vessels called....
From the small intestines the remaining material which by now is mostly non-digestable fiber, water, and waste is passed through yet another sphincter valve the....
The first part of the small intestine is the....
.... is the process where large globules of fat are broken down into smaller globules and made water soluable
one of the primary ingredients in the bile is....
The bile and pancreatic juices change the pH from acidic back to....
By the time the food reaches the colon it is in a semi fluid state and is referred to as....
.... are enzymes which help break down food substances into forms that can be absorbed and assimilated into the body
.... also called ptyalin is an enzyme that aids in the breakdown of starches. It is secreted in the saliva and pancreatic juices
.... is also an enzyme that also digests starches
....secreted by the pancreas, refers to any of several enzymes that increase the breakdown of fats (lipids)
.... an enzyme that helps the breakdown of protein is also secreted by the pancreas
Enzymes that break down protein are called....
.... is an enzyme released into the stomach that also helps with the breakdown of protein.
.... refers to pancreatic enzymes and is also obtained from cows or pigs and used as a dietary supplement
.... also called gall is a bitter yellow green secretion of the liver stored in the gallbladder and is released when fats enter the first part of the small intestine.
.... is an enzyme that breaks down cellulose the carbohydrate that is the main part of the cell walls of plants
peppermint, catnip, ginger, marshmallow, and slippery elm are all examples of herbs used for ....
Beneficial bacteria in our colon is called...
Constipation is caused by insufficient dietary....
.... also known as piles are dilated veins in the anus and rectum
.... is when the inner lining of the colon becomes inflamed.
.... occurs when the lung eliminate toxins that are being absorbed by the colon
heart disease and cancer are related to problems of the colon because they too can result from a low ....
An outward ballooning in the bowel wall caused by increased internal pressure and weakening of the bowel wall caused by chronic constipation
If a diverticula becomes inflamed it is called....
.... can occur in many body systems including the brain but are more commonly found in the intestinal tract
.... a common condition that occurs when the colon falls from its normal position to a lower position.
.... such as varicose veins and spider veins are often caused by increased internal pressure resulting from straining
dilated blood vessels
....are often the result of poor colon hygiene. Toxins are sometimes eliminated through the sweat pores of the skin
The human....system is organized into two major circulations.
Each has its own pump with both pumps being incorporated into a single organ the....
There are 2 sides of the human heart. The 1st side is divided by the....septum
The other side of the heart is divided by the....septum
The right side of the heart pumps blood to the
The left side of the heart pumps blood to the
rest of the body
The adult human heart is about the size of....
The upper chambers of the heart are the:
The lower chambers of the heart are the:
An electrical impulse called an .... is generated at regular intervals.
The action potential is generated at regular intervals in a specialized region of the right atrium called the....node
When the electrical atrial action potential reaches the juncture of the atria and the ventricles the....node conducts the impulse.
The sinoatrial node is also known as the:
The blood passing through the arterioles passes through a bed of minute vessels called....
The capillaries empty the venous blood into collecting tubes called:
One function of the .... system is to collect and recycle lymph fluid.
The tissues of the lymphatic system include the ....
The.... or corpuscles make up 45% of the blood
The liquid portion or .... make up 55% of the blood
.... blood cells are called erythrocytes
.... blood cells are called leukocytes
And the 3rd type of cell is called a ....or thrombocyte
The nervous system consists of the...., ....., and the network of nerves throughout the rest of the body
brain, spinal cord
The nervous system controls how we act or react to ....
The .... response is a good example of the body's reaction to stress
fight or flight
The nervous system is composed of .... parts
The .... is the brain and the spinal cord and where most information is processed
central nervous system
The .... is the network of nerves throughout the rest of the body
peripheral nervous system
The.... controls basic functions of the body that we do not have conscious control over.
autonomic nervous system
A .... consists of a cell body, an axon, and many dendrites.
basic nerve cell
The .... refers to the gaps between nerve cells, through which the nerve cells communicate with each other.
The .... electrically insulates the axon.
The characteristic of nerve cells which sets them apart from the other cells of the body and which allows them to transmit signals is their ability to....
Transmission of the signal across a synapse involves the release of a chemical called a .... which passes from one cell to the other across the synapse
A shortage of .... in the brain causes Parkinson's disease.
Over activity of the nerve cells that release dopamine seems to be related to....
Deficiencies in .... in the brain are associated with depression
In recent years for example scientists have discovered a .... ( to feed) function of the nerves
These chemicals are manufactured in the cell body and travel do
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