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59 terms

14 & 44 Review

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TSH
is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland
The isleys of which endocrine gland regulate the levels of glucose in our blood?
pancreatic gland
Antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin
are secreted by the neurohypophysis
Which of the following hormones are found within the hypothalmic portal capillaries?
releasing hormones
T3, T4, and calcitonin are
secreted by the throid gland
Insulin
is secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans
Insulin and glucagon
are secreted by the pancreas and are concerned with the regulation of blood glucose
The secretion of cortisol by the adrenal gland suppresses further secretion of ACTH by the anterior pituitary gland. What is the interaction called?
negative feedback control
Which disorder is caused by hyperthyroidism?
graves disease
Insulin, cortisol, thyroxine and oxytocin
are hormones
Which of the following is most descriptive of cAMP?
second checmical messenger
Which of the following is not controlled by a hypothalmic-releasing hormone?
ADH
This gland is associated with sugar, salt, and sex
adrenal cortex
Which of the following is least descriptive of the hypothalmus?
secretes ACTH, TSH, and gonadotropins
Excess secretion of epinephrine
elevates blood glucose
PTH
stimulates osteoclastic activity
ACTH
adrenal cortex to secrete cortisol
Iodine, collois, and goiter refer to this gland
thyroid
Calcitonin and parathyroid hormone
control plasma levels of calcium
Which of the following is least descriptive of the adrenal medulla?
sugar, salt, and sex
Which of the following is a function of parathyroid hormone?
it increases plasma levels of calcium
The neurohypophysis
is the posterior pituitary gland
What is the stimulus for the release of insulin?
high plasma levels of glucose
This gland secretes melatonin and is concerned with our biologic rhythms
pineal gland
Whcih one of the endocrine glands produces epinephrine and norepinephrine?
adrenal
Hypocalcemic tetany
may be cause by a deficiency of PTH
_____________ regulates the amount of calcium in the blood and bones
parathyroid hormone
Which of the following is the response to low plasma levels of calcium?
secretion of PTH
Testosterone is best described as
virilizing
Which of the following is most likely to cause the secretion of calcitonin
elevated plasma calcium
This gland secretes 2 hormones: 1 hormone elevates blood glucose and the 2nd hormone decreases blood glucose
pancreas
Which of the endocrine glands is divided into anterior and posterior lobes?
pituitary
Estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone
are secreted by the gonads
Myxedema is
advanced hypothyroidism is adulthood
Sugar, salt, and sex is descriptive of
cortisol, aldosterone, testosterone
Which of the following is characterized by low blood volume?
diabetes insipidus
A deficiency of insulin causes
hyperglycemia
This gland secretes TSH, ACTH, and growth hormone
anterior pituitary gland
Which endocrine gland requires iodine to produce its hormone?
thyroid
The islets of Langerhans
secrete insulin and glucagon
Enlargement of the thyroid gland
is called a goiter
Ketoacidosis is most related to
excess fattyacid catabolism
Oxytocin
is a neurohypophyseal hormone that stimulates the uterine muscle to contract. thereby assisting in labor
The only hormone that lowers blood glucose is
insulin
Which of the following structures connects the hypothalmus and the adenohypophysis?
portal capillaries
The adenohypophysis
refers to the anterior pituitary gland
Cushings disease is
hyperfunction of the adrenal cortex
Which of the following steriods is an androgen?
testosterone
Bronzing
is characterized of chronic adrenal cortical insufficiency (Addison's disease)
Portal capillaries carry releasing hormones from the brain to the
anterior pituitary gland
Catecholamine
include epinephrine (adrenalin) and norepinephrine
What is the most likely effect of a deficiency of aldostterone?
low blood volume and hypotension
The person with __________ is most likely to recieve insulin therapy
hyperglycemia
Which diorder is cause by an overactive adrenal gland?
Cushing's disease
Cretinism, myxedema, and Grave's disease are all
disorders of thyroid gland function
A disease that results in the enlargement of bones of the hands, fett, jaws, and cheeks is:
acromegaly
The adrenal nedulla
is part of te fight or flight responce
Lactogenic hormone
stimulates the mammary gland to make milk
An excessive growth of hair in locations where hair growth in women is normally minimal
hisutism