200 terms

GRE Vocabulary list 25

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allay
to make something, especially a feeling, less strong (not abate, assuage)
aversion
a strong feeling of not liking someone or something, hatred
gratitude
the feeling of being grateful and wanting to express your thanks
chalice
a large cup for holding wine, especially one from which wine is drunk in the Christian
patchy
1. existing or happening in some places and not others
2. not complete; good in some parts, but not in others
dogged
showing determination; not giving up easily, tenacious
eloquent
able to use language and express your opinions well, especially when you are speaking in public
loquacious
full of trivial conversation
protocol
1. a system of fixed rules and formal behavior used at official meetings, usually between governments
2. (technology) a plan for performing a scientific experiment or medical treatment
personify
1. to be an example of a quality or characteristic, or to have a lot of it, typify
2. to show or think of an object, quality, etc. as a person
plump for (someone/something)
to choose someone or something from a number of people or things, especially after thinking carefully (pv)
nondescript
having no interesting or unusual features or qualities, dull
deft
(of a person's movements) skillful and quick
aesthetic
characterized by an appreciation of beauty or good taste
harangue
a loud bombastic declaration expressed with strong emotion
curb
to control or limit something, especially something bad
wistful
thinking sadly about something that you would like to have, especially something in the past that you can no longer have
onerous
needing great effort; causing trouble or worry, taxing
elastic
material made with rubber, that can stretch and then return to its original size
charter
a written statement of the principles and aims of an organization, constitution
palpable
that is easily noticed by the mind or the senses
break with precedent
전례를 깨다, pv
have a go
(~을) 한번 해 보다[시도하다], pv
set out one's stall
실력[능력]을 나타내다, pv
rubber-stamp
to give official approval to a law, plan, decision, etc., especially without considering it carefully
erupt
1. when a volcano erupts or burning rocks, smoke, etc. erupt or are erupted, the burning rocks, etc. are thrown out from the volcano
2. to start happening, suddenly and violently
3. to suddenly express your feelings very strongly, especially by shouting loudly
quota
1. the limited number or amount of people or things that is officially allowed
2. an amount of something that someone expects or needs to have or achieve
3. (politics) a fixed number of votes that a candidate needs in order to be elected
benighted
1. (of people) without understanding
2. (of places) without the benefits of modern life
entrench
to establish something very firmly so that it is very difficult to change
pen
1. (formal) to write something
2. to shut an animal or a person in a small space
incompetent
not having the skill or ability to do your job or a task as it should be done
woe
1. the troubles and problems that someone has
2. great unhappiness
rampant
1. (of something bad) existing or spreading everywhere in a way that cannot be controlled
2. (of plants) growing thickly and very fast in a way that cannot be controlled
sloppy
1. that shows a lack of care, thought, or effort
2. (of clothes) loose and without much shape
3. (informal) romantic in a silly or embarrassing way
4. containing too much liquid
graft
1. a piece cut from a living plant and fixed in a cut made in another plant, so that it grows there; the process or result of doing this
2. a piece of skin, bone, etc. removed from a living body and placed in another part of the body that has been damaged; the process or result of doing this
3. the use of illegal or unfair methods, especially bribery, to gain advantage in business, politics, etc.; money obtained in this way
sclerosis
a condition in which soft tissue in the body becomes hard, in a way that is not normal
expedient
(of an action) useful or necessary for a particular purpose, but not always fair or right
exonerate
to officially state that someone is not responsible for something that they have been blamed for, acquit
forgo
to decide not to have or do something that you would like to have or do
glaring
1. (of something bad) very easily seen
2. (of a light) very bright and unpleasant
3. angry; aggressive
howl
1. (of a dog, wolf, etc.) to make a long loud cry
2. to make a loud cry when you are in pain, angry, amused, etc.
3. (of the wind) to blow hard and make a long loud noise
4. to say something loudly and angrily
vociferous
expressing your opinions or feelings in a loud and confident way, strident
dilute
1. to make a liquid weaker by adding water or another liquid to it
2. to make something weaker or less effective
stint
a period of time that you spend working somewhere or doing a particular activity
outgoing
1. liking to meet other people, enjoying their company, and being friendly toward them
2. leaving the position of responsibility mentioned
3. going away from a particular place rather than arriving in it
let alone
used after a statement to emphasize that because the first thing is not true or possible, the next thing cannot be true or possible either, ~은 고사하고
extraneous
not directly connected with the particular situation you are in or the subject you are dealing withx
disinterested
not influenced by personal feelings, or by the chance of getting some advantage for yourself
disquiet
feelings of worry and unhappiness about something
attain
1. to succeed in getting something, usually after a lot of effort
2. (formal) to reach a particular age, level, or condition
ruminate
to think deeply about something, ponder
hackneyed
used too often and therefore boring, cliche
trite
(of a remark, an opinion, etc.) dull and boring because it has been expressed so many times before; not original
aloof
not friendly or interested in other people, distant, remote
placid
1. (of a person or an animal) not easily excited or irritated
2. calm and peaceful, with very little movement
restive
unable to stay still, or unwilling to be controlled, especially because you feel bored or not satisfied
skittish
1. (of horses) easily excited or frightened and therefore difficult to control
2. (of people) not very serious and with ideas and feelings that keep changing
shore up
1. to support part of a building or other large structure by placing large pieces of wood or metal against or under it so that it does not fall down
2. to help to support something that is weak or going to fail
electorate
유권자
circumscribe
(formal) to limit someone's or something's freedom, rights, power, etc.
adequate
enough in quantity, or good enough in quality, for a particular purpose or need
executive
1. a person who has an important job as a manager of a company or an organization
2. a group of people who run a company or an organization
3. [singular] the part of a government responsible for putting laws into effect
low-profile
receiving or involving very little attention
fortuitous
happening by chance, especially a lucky chance that brings a good result
indecorous
(of behavior) embarrassing or not socially acceptable
unseemly
(of behavior, etc.) not polite or suitable for a particular situation
perpetrator
a person who commits a crime or does something that is wrong or evil
affiliation
1. a person's connection with a political party, religion, etc.
2. one group or organization's official connection with another
ire
anger, wrath
dystopia
an imaginary place or state in which everything is extremely bad or unpleasant
parole
permission that is given to a prisoner to leave prison before the end of their sentence on condition that they behave well
homicide
the crime of killing someone deliberately
superintend
to be in charge of something and make sure that everything is working, being done, etc. as it should be, supervise
hold (somebody) accountable for (something)
~에게 ~의 책임을 묻다, 지우다. ex)I hold him accountable for it
take issue with (somebody)
to start disagreeing or arguing with someone about something
clamp down (on somebody/something)
to take strict action in order to prevent something, especially crime
bombshell
an event or a piece of news which is unexpected and usually unpleasant
radicalize
to make people more willing to consider new and different policies, ideas, etc.; to make people more radical in their political opinions
grave (adj.)
1. (of situations, feelings, etc.) very serious and important; giving you a reason to feel worried
2. (of people) serious in manner, as if something sad, important, or worrying has just happened
prompting
an act of persuading someone to do something
scapegoat
a person who is blamed for something bad that someone else has done or for some failure, fall guy
forcibly
1. in a way that involves the use of physical force
2. in a way that makes something very clear
repatriate
1. to send or bring someone back to their own country
2. (business) to send money or profits back to your own country
donor
a person or an organization that makes a gift of money, clothes, food, etc. to a charity, etc.
blackmail
1. the crime of demanding money from a person by threatening to tell someone else a secret about them
2. the act of putting pressure on a person or a group to do something they do not want to do, for example by making threats or by making them feel guilty
give in (to somebody/something)
1. to admit that you have been defeated by someone or something
2. to agree to do something that you do not want to do
(pv)
stem
to stop something that is flowing from spreading or increasing
decease
the death of a person
doodle
to draw lines, shapes, etc., especially when you are bored or thinking about something else
corpse
a dead body, especially of a human
in lieu of
instead of (pv)
postmortem
1. a medical examination of the body of a dead person in order to find out how they died
2. a discussion or an examination of an event after it has happened, especially in order to find out why it failed
precursor
a person or thing that comes before someone or something similar and that leads to or influences its development, forerunner
of sorts
(informal) used when you are saying that something is not a good example of a particular type of thing, pv
etch
1. to cut lines into a piece of glass, metal, etc. in order to make words or a picture
2. if a feeling is etched on someone's face, or someone's face is etched with a feeling, that feeling can be seen very clearly
lotus
연꽃
imagery
1. language that produces pictures in the minds of people reading or listening, metaphor
2. (formal) pictures, photographs, etc.
bovine
1. (technology) connected with cows
2. (disapproving) (of a person) stupid and slow
salve
a substance that you put on a wound or sore skin to help it heal or to protect it
parlor
1. (in compounds) a store that provides particular goods or services
2. (old-fashioned) a room in a private house for sitting in, entertaining visitors, etc.
divine
(adj.) coming from or connected with God or a god
(v) (formal) to find out something by guessing
placement
1. the act of finding someone a suitable job or place to live
2. the act of placing something somewhere
bill (v)
1. to send someone a bill for something
2. to advertise or describe someone or something in a particular way
3. to advertise that someone or something will do something
imperil
to put something or someone in danger, endanger
roll back
1. to turn or force something back or further away
2. to reduce prices, etc. (pv)
rescind
to officially state that a law, contract, decision, etc. is no longer valid
setback
a difficulty or problem that delays or prevents something, or makes a situation worse
ballot
the system of voting in writing and usually in secret; an occasion on which a vote is held
clunky
(informal) heavy and awkward
dwindle
to become gradually less or smaller
down to the wire
최후까지, 끝까지
sworn
(adj.) made after you have promised to tell the truth, especially in court
aide
a person who helps another person, especially a politician, in their job
apparatus
1. the tools or other pieces of equipment that are needed for a particular activity or task
2. the structure of a system or an organization, particularly that of a political party or a government
3. (technology) a system of organs in the body
deploy
1. (technology) to move soldiers or weapons into a position where they are ready for military action
2. (formal) to use something effectively
scramble
1. to move quickly, especially with difficulty, using your hands to help you
2. to move or do something quickly because you are in a hurry
3. to push, fight, or compete with others in order to get or to reach something
antithesis
1. the opposite of something
2. a contrast between two things
spurious
false, although seeming to be genuine
abduct
to take someone away illegally, especially using force, kidnap
culmination
the highest point or end of something, usually happening after a long time
perigee
(astronomy) the point in the orbit of the moon, a planet, or other object in space when it is nearest the planet, for example the earth, around which it turns
diametrical
used to emphasize that people or things are completely different
zenith
1. the highest point that the sun or moon reaches in the sky, directly above you
2. (formal) the time when something is strongest and most successful
nadir
the worst moment of a particular situation
glorify
1. (often disapproving) to make something seem better or more important than it really is
2. (formal) to praise and worship God
godly
[usually before noun](old-fashioned) living a moral life based on religious principles
apropos
concerning or related to someone or something
confiscate
to officially take something away from someone, especially as a punishment
ammunition
1. a supply of bullets, etc. to be fired from guns
2. information that can be used against another person in an argument
reel off
to say or repeat something quickly without having to stop or think about it
out of sorts
sick or upset
commotion
sudden noisy confusion or excitement
perforate
to make a hole or holes through something
distill
1. to make a liquid pure by heating it until it becomes a gas, then cooling it and collecting the drops of liquid that form
2. to make something such as a strong alcoholic drink in this way
3. (formal) to get the essential meaning or ideas from thoughts, information, experiences, etc.
cardboard
stiff material like very thick paper, often used for making boxes
recalcitrant
unwilling to obey rules or follow instructions; difficult to control
substantiate
to provide information or evidence to prove that something is true
churlish
rude or unfriendly
visionary
1. (approving) original and showing the ability to think about or plan the future with great imagination and intelligence
2. relating to dreams or strange experiences, especially of a religious kind
inhibited
unable to relax or express your feelings in a natural way
surveyor
a person whose job is to examine and record the details of a piece of land
martinet
a very strict person who demands that other people obey orders or rules completely
tapestry
1. a picture or pattern that is made by weaving colored wool onto heavy cloth; the art of doing this
2. a complex combination of events, people, or things
cosmopolitan
1. containing people of different types or from different countries, and influenced by their culture
2. having or showing a wide experience with people and things from many different countries
dignify
1. to make someone or something seem impressive
2. to make something appear important when it is not really
polyglot
knowing, using, or written in more than one language, multilingual
municipal
connected with or belonging to a town, city, or district that has its own local government
indicative
(formal) showing or suggesting something
outright
1. complete and total
2. open and direct
hack
(v1) to cut someone or something with rough, heavy blows
(v2) (informal) to be able/not able to manage in a particular situation
(n1) (disapproving) a writer, especially of newspaper articles, who does a lot of low quality work and does not get paid much
(n2) (disapproving) a person who does the hard and often boring work for an organization, especially a politician
idler
a person who is lazy and does not work, loafer
benefactor
a person who gives money or other help to a person or an organization such as a school or charity, starts with "B"
dissemble
to hide your real feelings or intentions, often by pretending to have different ones
whit
(usually in negative sentences) a very small amount, jot
embellish
1. to make something more beautiful by adding decorations to it, decorate
2. to make a story more interesting by adding details that are not always true, embroider
feign
to pretend that you have a particular feeling or that you are sick, tired, etc.
bout
1. a short period of great activity; a short period during which there is a lot of a particular thing, usually something unpleasant
2. an attack or period of illness
flamboyant
1. (of people or their behavior) different, confident, and exciting in a way that attracts attention
2. brightly colored and noticeable
prevaricate
to avoid giving a direct answer to a question in order to hide the truth
trot out
to give the same excuses, facts, explanations, etc. for something that have often been used before
edifice
a large, impressive building
deride
to treat someone or something as ridiculous and not worth considering seriously, mock
oblivious
not aware of something
artifice
the use of intelligent or dishonest tricks to cheat someone, cunning
sublime
1. of very high quality and causing great admiration
2. (formal) (often disapproving) (of a person's behavior or attitudes) extreme, especially in a way that shows they are not aware of what they are doing or are not concerned about what happens because of it
render
1. (formal) to cause someone or something to be in a particular state or condition
2. (formal) to give someone something, especially in return for something, or because it is expected
3. (formal) to present something, especially when it is done officially
4. (formal) to express or perform something
preconception
an idea or opinion that is formed before you have enough information or experience, assumption
circular
(of an argument or a theory) using an idea or a statement to prove something that is then used to prove the idea or statement at the beginning
teem with
to be full of people, animals, etc. moving around
bump up against
to experience a problem or factor that you did not expect
surmount
1. to deal successfully with a difficulty, overcome
2. to be placed on top of something
manuscript
1. a copy of a book, piece of music, etc. before it has been printed
2. a very old book or document that was written by hand before printing was invented
practicality
1. [uncountable] the quality of being suitable or likely to be successful
2. [uncountable] the quality of being sensible and realistic
3. [plural] the real facts and circumstances rather than ideas or theories
coalesce
to come together to form one larger group, substance, etc., amalgamate
sympathy
1. the feeling of being sorry for someone; showing that you understand and care about someone's problems
2. the act of showing support for or approval of an idea, a cause, an organization, etc.
3. friendship and understanding between people who have similar opinions or interests
amalgamate
to bring or combine together or with something else
majesty
the impressive and attractive quality that something has
resonate
1. (of a voice, an instrument, etc.) to make a deep, clear sound that continues for a long time
2. (of a place) to be filled with sound; to make a sound continue longer, resound
3. to remind someone of something; to be similar to what someone thinks or believes
not least
especially
salvation
1. (in Christianity) the state of being saved from the power of evil
2. a way of protecting someone from danger, disaster, loss, etc.
ballroom
무도회장
dissonance
1. (music) a combination of musical notes that do not sound pleasant together, opposite to consonance
2. (formal) lack of agreement
chide
to criticize or blame someone because they have done something wrong, rebuke
prerogative
a right or advantage belonging to a particular person or group because of their importance or social position
revulsion
a strong feeling of disgust or horror, repugnance
malleable
capable of being shaped or bent
ebullient
joyously unrestrained
wrangle (n, v)
(n) argument that is complicated and continues over a long period of time
pry
1. (also prise) to use force to separate something from something else
2. to try to find out information about other people's private lives in a way that is annoying or rude
complicity
the act of taking part with another person in a crime, collusion
recrimination
an angry statement that someone makes accusing someone else of something, especially in response to a similar statement from them
stringent
1. (of a law, rule, regulation, etc.) very strict and that must be obeyed
2. (of financial conditions) difficult and very strictly controlled because there is not much money
unheralded
1. not previously mentioned; happening without any warning
2. not recognized or publicly praised as good or important
footing
1. the position of your feet when they are safely on the ground or some other surface
2. the basis on which something is established or organized
3. the position or status of someone or something in relation to others; the relationship between two or more people or groups, for example, on an equal footing
cognoscenti
people with a lot of knowledge about a particular subject
illustrious
very famous and much admired, especially because of what you have achieved
famine
a lack of food during a long period of time in a region
equanimity
steadiness of mind under stress
unscrupulous
without moral principles; not honest or fair, unprincipled
monetary
connected with money, especially all the money in a country

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