210 terms

GRE Vocabulary list 26

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betterment
the process of becoming or making something or someone better
errant
1. doing something that is wrong; not behaving in an acceptable way
2. (of a husband or wife) not sexually faithful
stitch
1. one of the small lines of thread that you can see on a piece of cloth after it has been sewn; the action that produces this
2. one of the small circles of wool that you make around the needle when you are knitting
3. a short piece of thread, etc. that doctors use to sew the edges of a wound together
4. a sudden pain in the side of your body, usually caused by running or laughing
regroup
1. to arrange the way people or soldiers work together in a new way, especially in order to continue fighting or attacking someone
2. (of a person) to return to a normal state after an unpleasant experience or a period of difficulty, and become ready to make an effort again with new enthusiasm or strength
uproar
1. a situation in which people shout and make a lot of noise because they are angry or upset about something
2. a situation in which there is a lot of public criticism and angry argument about something that someone has said or done, outcry
leak out
(of secret information) to become known to the public
corps
1. a large unit of an army, consisting of two or more divisions
2. one of the groups of an army with a special responsibility
3. a group of people involved in a particular job or activity
uphold
1. to support something that you think is right and make sure that it continues to exist
2. (especially of a court of law) to agree that a previous decision was correct or that a request is reasonable
accommodation
1. [plural] somewhere to live or stay, often also providing food or other services
2. (formal) an agreement or arrangement between people or groups with different opinions that is acceptable to everyone; the process of reaching this agreement
3. (biology) the way that the eyes automatically adjust so that you can see objects at varying distances
grant
1. to agree to give someone what they ask for, especially formal or legal permission to do something
2. to admit that something is true, although you may not like or agree with it
commandant
the officer in charge of a particular military group or institution
grandiloquent
lofty in style
sheriff
an elected officer responsible for keeping law and order in a county or town
propaganda
ideas or statements that may be false or exaggerated and that are used in order to gain support for a political leader, party, etc.
archive
(n) a collection of historical documents or records of a government, a family, a place, or an organization; the place where these records are stored
(v) to put or store a document or other material in an archive
dearth
a lack of something; the fact of there not being enough of something, scarcity
unhinge
to make someone very upset or mentally ill
lull
(n) a quiet period between times of activity
(v) to make someone relaxed and calm
resurgence
the return and growth of an activity that had stopped
all-out
using or involving every possible effort and done in a very determined way
ex) an all-out attack on the opposition
fortress
a building or place that has been made stronger and protected against attack, fort
vaunted
proudly talked about or praised as being very good, especially when this is not deserved
transient
1. continuing for only a short time, fleeting, temporary
2. staying or working in a place for only a short time, before moving on
rueful
feeling or showing that you are sad or sorry
reckon
1. (informal) to think something or have an opinion about something
2. (not used in the progressive tenses) to be generally considered to be something
3. to calculate an amount, a number, etc.
in tandem (with somebody/something)
a thing that works or happens in tandem with something else works together with it or happens at the same time as it
fodder
1. food for horses and farm animals
2. (disapproving) (often after a noun) people or things that are considered to have only one use
scalpel
a small sharp knife used by doctors in medical operations
complicit
involved with other people in something wrong or illegal
anatomy
1. the scientific study of the structure of human or animal bodies
2. the structure of an animal or a plant
utter (v)
to make a sound with your voice; to say something
goose
거위
endemic
regularly found in a particular place or among a particular group of people and difficult to get rid of
incidence
(formal) the extent to which something happens or has an effect
dictum
a statement that expresses something that people believe is always true or should be followed
strenuous
1. needing great effort and energy, arduous
2. showing great energy and determination
impudent
rude; not showing respect for other people, impertinent
philandering
(of a man) the fact of having sexual relationships with many different women, womanizing
suspend
1. to hang something from something else
2. to officially stop something for a time; to prevent something from being active, used, etc. for a time
3. to officially delay something; to arrange for something to happen later than planned
4. to officially prevent someone from doing their job, going to school, etc. for a time
guile
the use of skillful but dishonest behavior in order to trick people, deceit
furnishings
the furniture, curtains, etc. in a room or house
guileless
free of deceit
acrimony
angry, bitter feelings or words
lenient
not as strict as expected when punishing someone or when making sure that rules are obeyed
detention
1. the state of being kept in a place, especially a prison, and prevented from leaving
2. the punishment of being kept at school for a time after other students have gone home
thermostat
a device that measures and controls the temperature of a machine or room, by switching the heating or cooling system on and off as necessary
mind-boggling
(informal) very difficult to imagine or to understand; extremely surprising
stupendous
extremely large or impressive, especially greater or better than you expect, staggering
Fahrenheit
화씨(F)
poised
1. in a position that is completely still but is ready to move at any moment
2. in a position that is balanced but likely to change in one direction or another
3. completely ready for something or to do something
address
3. (formal) to say something directly to someone
4. to use a particular name or title for someone when you speak or write to them
5. (formal) to think about a problem or a situation and decide how you are going to deal with it
rambling
1. (of a building) spreading in various directions with no particular pattern, sprawling
2. (of a speech or piece of writing) very long and confused, incoherent
3. (of a plant) growing or climbing in all directions, for example up a wall
labyrinth
a complicated series of paths, which it is difficult to find your way through
terse
using few words and often not seeming polite or friendly
ignominy
public shame and loss of honor, disgrace
potentate
a ruler who has a lot of power, especially when this is not restricted by anyone else in the government
autodidact
a person who has taught himself or herself something rather than having lessons
miscreant
a person who has done something wrong or illegal
renegade
1. (often used as an adjective) a person who leaves one political, religious, etc. group to join another that has very different views
2. a person who opposes and lives outside a group or society that they used to belong to
tempest
a violent storm
bleak
1. (of a situation) not encouraging or giving any reason to have hope
2. (of the weather) cold and unpleasant
3. (of a place) exposed, empty, or with no pleasant features
garbled
(of a message or story) told in a way that confuses the person listening, usually by someone who is shocked or in a hurry
infusion
1. (formal) the act of adding something to something else in order to make it stronger or more successful
2. a drink or medicine made by leaving herbs, etc. in hot water
3. (medical) an act of slowly putting a drug or other substance into a person's vein; the drug that is used in this way
dynamo
1. a device for turning mechanical energy (= energy from movement) into electricity; a generator
2. (informal) a person with a lot of energy
spate
a large number of things, which are usually unpleasant, that happen suddenly within a short period of time
hospitable
1. (of a person) pleased to welcome guests; generous and friendly to visitors, welcoming
2. having good conditions that allow things to grow; having a pleasant environment
dub
1. to give someone or something a particular name, often in a humorous or critical way
2. to replace the original speech in a movie or television program with words in another language
insinuate
1. to suggest indirectly that something unpleasant is true, imply
2. (formal) (disapproving) to succeed in gaining someone's respect, affection, etc. so that you can use the situation to your own advantage
3. (formal) to slowly move yourself or a part of your body into a particular position or place
extrapolate
to estimate something or form an opinion about something, using the facts that you have now and that are valid for one situation and supposing that they will be valid for the new one
decorum
propriety in manners and conduct
morose
showing a brooding ill humor
apprise
inform somebody of something
enervate
weaken mentally or morally
intuit
to know that something is true based on your feelings rather than on facts, what someone tells you, etc.
multitude
an extremely large number of things or people
receptive
willing to listen to or to accept new ideas or suggestions, responsive
dyspepsia
(의학) 소화불량, indigestion
on account of
because of, answer = on account of
indignation
a feeling of anger and surprise caused by something that you think is unfair or unreasonable
owing to
because of, answer = owing to
grim
1. looking or sounding very serious
2. unpleasant and depressing
indigence
a state of extreme poverty or destitution
weep
1. (formal or literary) to cry, usually because you are sad
2. (usually used in the progressive tenses) (of a wound) to produce liquid
abolition
the ending of a law, a system, or an institution
accrue
1. to increase over a period of time
2. to allow a sum of money or debts to grow over a period of time, accumulate
zest
1. enjoyment and enthusiasm
2. the quality of being exciting, interesting, and enjoyable
hymn
a song of praise, especially one praising God and sung by Christians
indubitably
in a way that cannot be doubted; without question
ennui
feelings of being bored and not satisfied because nothing interesting is happening
monastery
a building in which monks (= members of a male religious community) live together
absorption
1. the process of a liquid, gas, or other substance being taken in
2. the process of a smaller group, country, etc. becoming part of a larger group or country
3. the fact of someone being very interested in something so that it takes all their attention
megalomania
1. (technology) a mental illness or condition in which someone has an exaggerated belief in their own importance or power
2. a strong feeling that you want to have more and more power
incur
1. if you incur something unpleasant, you are in a situation in which you have to deal with it
2. if you incur costs, you have to pay them
swearing
rude or offensive language
abstain
1. to choose not to use a vote, either in favor of or against something
2. to decide not to do or have something, especially something you like or enjoy, because it is bad for your health or considered morally wrong
caress
to touch someone or something gently, especially in a sexual way or in a way that shows affection
thumb one's nose at
to make a rude sign with your thumb on your nose; to show that you have no respect for someone or something
derision
a strong feeling that someone or something is ridiculous and not worth considering seriously, shown by laughing in an unkind way or by making unkind remarks, scorn
abstemious
marked by temperance in indulgence
avow
to say firmly and often publicly what your opinion is, what you think is true, etc.
avowed
that has been admitted or stated in public
secularism
the belief that religion should not be involved in the organization of society, education, etc., 세속주의
philistine
a person who does not like or understand art, literature, music, etc.
inquisitor
a person who asks a lot of difficult questions, especially in a way that makes you feel threatened
inquisitive
1. (disapproving) asking too many questions and trying to find out about what other people are doing, etc.
2. very interested in learning about many different things
chauvinism
an aggressive and unreasonable belief that your own country is better than all others
superfluous
more than you need or want
put off
put off someone : to cancel a meeting or an arrangement that you have made with someone
put off something : to change something to a later time or date
compromise
1. to give up some of your demands after a disagreement with someone, in order to reach an agreement
2. to do something that is against your principles or does not reach standards that you have set
3. to bring someone or something/yourself into danger or under suspicion, especially by acting in a way that is not very sensible
repent
to feel and show that you are sorry for something bad or wrong that you have done
dreary
that makes you feel sad; dull and not interesting
reprobate
a person who behaves in a way that society thinks is immoral
hard-boiled
1. (of an egg) boiled until the inside is hard
2. (of people) not showing much emotion
inculcate
to cause someone to learn and remember ideas, moral principles, etc., especially by repeating them often
tyranny
unfair or cruel use of power or authority
have no use for (someone)
to dislike someone
homage
something that is said or done to show respect for someone
divinity
1. the quality of being a god or like God
2. a god or goddess
3. the study of the nature of God and religious belief
penurious
very poor, destitute, penniless
undue
more than you think is reasonable or necessary, excessive
thwart
to prevent someone from doing what they want to do, frustrate
oblivion
1. a state in which you are not aware of what is happening around you, usually because you are unconscious or asleep
2. the state in which someone or something has been forgotten and is no longer famous or important
3. a state in which something has been completely destroyed
devotee
a person who admires and is very enthusiastic about someone or something
intoxicating
1. (of drinks) containing alcohol
2. making you feel excited so that you cannot think clearly
contemplate
1. to think about whether you should do something, or how you should do something
2. to think carefully about and accept the possibility of something happening
3. (formal) to think deeply about something for a long time
4. (formal) to look at someone or something in a careful way for a long time
embargo (n, v)
an official order that bans trade with another country
doctrine
a belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a Church, a political party, etc.
that is to say
in other words, ans = that is to say
dwell on(upon)
to think or talk a lot about something, especially something it would be better to forget
hail from
~ 출신이다. (pv)
akin
similar to
ex) What he felt was more akin to pity than love.
versatile
1. (of a person) able to do many different things
2. (of food, a building, etc.) having many different uses
debilitate
1. to make someone's body or mind weaker
2. to make a country, an organization, etc., weaker
sow
1. to plant or spread seeds in or on the ground
2. to introduce or spread feelings or ideas, especially ones that cause trouble
wield
1. to have and use power, authority, etc.
2. to hold something, ready to use it as a weapon or tool
foe
(old use or formal) an enemy
chasm
(literary) a deep crack or opening in the ground
wrest (something) from (somebody/something)
1. to take something such as power or control from someone or something with great effort
2. to take something from someone that they do not want to give, suddenly or violently
calamity
an event that causes great damage to people's lives, property, etc., disaster
fanatic
1. (informal) a person who is extremely enthusiastic about something, enthusiast
2. (disapproving) a person who holds extreme or dangerous opinions, extreamist
wreak
to do great damage or harm to someone or something
havoc
a situation in which there is a lot of damage, destruction, or confusion
brash
1. confident in an aggressive way
2. (of things and places) too bright or too noisy in a way that is not attractive
shift(n)
1. a change in position or direction
2. a period of time worked by a group of workers who start work as another group finishes
3. the workers who work a particular shift
fractious
1. bad-tempered or easily upset, especially by small things, irritable
2. (formal) making trouble and complaining
theatrical
1. connected with the theater
2. (often disapproving) (of behavior) exaggerated in order to attract attention or create a particular effect
saucer
a small, shallow, round dish that a cup stands on; an object that is shaped like this
verbiage
the use of too many words, or of more difficult words than are needed, to express an idea
pauper
(old use) a very poor person
miser
(dissaproving) a person who loves money and hates spending it
curmudgeon
(old-fashioned) a bad-tempered person, often an old one
steadfast
(literary)(approving) not changing in your attitudes or aims, firm
roundabout
not done or said using the shortest, simplest, or most direct way possible
perfunctory
(of an action) done as a duty or habit, without real interest, attention, or feeling
brusque
using very few words and sounding rude
transpire
formal way of saying "happen"
intestine
a long tube in the body between the stomach and the anus. Food passes from the stomach to the small intestine and from there to the large intestine.
fortitude
courage shown by someone who is suffering great pain or facing great difficulties, bravery, courage
chant
1. words or phrases that a group of people shout or sing again and again
2. a religious song or prayer, or a way of singing, using only a few notes that are repeated many times
rapturous
expressing extreme pleasure or enthusiasm for someone or something, ecstatic
revile
to criticize someone or something in a way that shows how much you dislike them
exhort
to try hard to persuade someone to do something, urge
topple
1. to become unsteady and fall down; to make something do this
2. to make someone lose their position of power or authority, overthrow
antics
1. behavior that is silly and funny in a way that people usually like
2. behavior that is ridiculous or dangerous
spurn
to reject or refuse someone or something, especially in a proud way, shun
opprobrium
a state of extreme dishonor
evangelist
a person who tries to persuade people to become Christians, especially by traveling around the country holding religious meetings or speaking on radio or television, missionary
despise
(not used in the progressive tenses) to dislike and have no respect for someone or something
poignant
having a strong effect on your feelings, especially in a way that makes you feel sad, moving
ovation
enthusiastic clapping by an audience as a sign of their approval
archrival
숙적
citation
1. words or lines taken from a book or a speech, quotation
2. an official statement about something special that someone has done, especially about acts of courage in a war
apocryphal
(of a story) well known, but probably not true
induct
1. to formally give someone a job or position of authority, especially as part of a ceremony
2. to officially introduce someone into a group or an organization
3. to take someone into military service
4. to introduce someone to a particular area of knowledge
convict
to decide and state officially in court that someone is guilty of a crime
draft evasion
징병 기피 ( 2 words )
strip
6. to take away property or honors from someone, as a punishment
1. to take off all or most of your clothes or another person's clothes
appeal
a formal request to a court or to someone in authority for a judgment or a decision to be changed
brooding
sad and mysterious, or threatening
touch off
to make something begin, especially a difficult or violent situation
spout
1. to send out something, especially a liquid, in a stream with great force; to come out of something in this way
2. (informal) (disapproving) to speak a lot about something; to repeat something in a boring or annoying way
sullen
1. bad-tempered and not speaking, either on a particular occasion or because it is part of your character
2. (literary) (of the sky or weather) dark and unpleasant
carry on
1. (informal) to argue or complain noisily
2. to continue doing something
lump
1. a piece of something hard or solid, usually without a particular shape
2. a swelling under the skin, sometimes a sign of serious illness
rallying cry
a phrase or an idea that is used to encourage people to support someone or something
layoff
1. an act of making people unemployed because there is no more work left for them to do
2. a period of time when someone is not working or not doing something that they normally do regularly
gain, get, have, etc. the upper hand
to get an advantage over someone so that you are in control of a particular situation
ans = gain, get, have, etc. the upper hand
splendid
1. very impressive; very beautiful
2. (old-fashioned) excellent; very good
hostage
a person who is captured and held prisoner by a person or group, and who may be injured or killed if people do not do what the person or group is asking
fulsome
too generous in praising or thanking someone, or in saying that you are sorry, so that you do not sound sincere
squeamish
1. easily upset, or made to feel sick by unpleasant sights or situations, especially when the sight of blood is involved
2. not wanting to do something that might be considered dishonest or immoral
smattering
a small amount of something, especially knowledge of a language
blatant
(of actions that are considered bad) done in an obvious and open way without caring if people are shocked, flagrant
take into account
~을 고려하다, ~을 계산에 넣다
posthumous
happening, done, published, etc. after a person has died
anything but
definitely not, ans = anything but
obviate
do away with
watchdog
a person or group of people whose job is to check that companies are not doing anything illegal or ignoring people's rights
gross
1. being the total amount of something before anything is taken away
2. (formal or law) (of a crime, etc.) very obvious and unacceptable
mitigate
to make something less harmful, serious, etc., alleviate
quip
a smart and amusing remark
bashful
shy and easily embarrassed
redress
to correct something that is unfair or wrong
implacable
1. (of strong negative opinions or feelings) that cannot be changed
2. (of a person) unwilling to stop opposing someone or something
see/think fit (to do something)
to consider it right or acceptable to do something; to decide or choose to do something
ans = see/think fit (to do something)
intransigent
(formal)(disapproving)(of people) unwilling to change their opinions or behavior in a way that would be helpful to others, stubborn
debonair
(usually of men) fashionable and confident
stolid
not showing much emotion or interest; remaining always the same and not reacting or changing
in the wake of (somebody/something)
coming after or following someone or something, pv
trailblazer
a person who is the first to do or discover something and so makes it possible for others to follow