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Meds for summer final
Terms in this set (21)
Sulfasalazine (5-ASA aminosalicylic acid)
Anti inflamatory for IBD. Avoid sun, Increse fluid intake, can turn skin/contact lenses/eyes yellow.
PUD MEDS triple therapy
2 antibiotics (10-14days) with a PPI (6-8wks) to eradicate H. Pylori
PUD MEDS quadruple therapy
2 antibiotics, PPI, and bismuth
Famotidine (H2 receptor blocker)
LOL. Used for HTN. Blocks the fight or flight response.
Decreases HR, BP. Also blocks sympathetic NS.
Use with caution in people with: lung issues, COPD, asthma (broncoconstriction)
Diabetes: masks LBG symptoms
AE: fatigue, bradycardia, decrease libido in men, depression.
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE inhibitors) HTN
Decrease peripheral construction/vasoconstriction. Decrease blood volume.
AE: dry cough, angeoedema, othrostatic hypotension, hyperkalemia
Angiotension II receptor blockers (ARBS) HTN
Go hand and hand with ACE, but have less side effects
Blocks fluid retention.
No cough, angeoedema is rare, orthostatic hypotension
Calcium Channel Blockers HTN
Smooth muscle tone contraction blocker, relaxes muscle.
Avoid grapefruit juices
Bradycardia (AV block), constipation
Not 1st line of treats meant because of adverse effects. Relaxes smooth muscle
AE: decreased BP, reflex tachycardia, peripheral edema (HF), fluid volume overload.
Centrally acting sympatholytics HTN
P.O. Clonidine methylodopa.
Used for HTN crisis
Thiazide diuretics HTN
#1 drug of choice (hydrochlorothiazide)
Decreases blood volume. Increases na and H20 excretion
AE: dehydration and hypokalemia
Loop diuretics HTN
Usually not for long term use, but for emergent situations
Dehydration, hypokalemia, postural hypotension, tinnitus, nausea, ototoxicity
Potassium sparing diuretics HTN
Caution with potassium intake (salt subs)
AE: dehydration, dysthymias (hyperkalemia)
Alpha-adrenergic blockers HTN
"Sin". Alphas like to sin at bedtime and have trouble getting up.
Blocks alpha receptors
Take at bedtime because BP can drop
AE: orthostatic hypotension, impotence, nasal congestion, hemolytic anemia
Lowers LDLs, increases HDLs
Caution with hepatic function, interacts with warfarin/digoxin.
AE: rhabdomylosis (muscle pain/weakness), increase BG, hepatic issues.
Bike acid sequestrants (cholesterol)
Increases LDL by binding to stool.
Drink fluids to decrease GI issues. Interacts with warfarin, digoxin, and vit ab
AE: nausea, gas, constipation
Vitamin: niacin (cholesterol)
AE: severe flushing.
AE: stinging of eyes during first month of use, redness, blue eyes may turn brown, longer and thicker eye lashes. Take once a day in the evening.
SSRI. Blocks serotonin reuptake.
Used for depression.
AE: sexual dysfunction (decrease libido/impotence), weight gain, serotonin syndrome, CNS stimulation, increase suicide risk.
No alcohol. Do not stop abruptly. Takes a few weeks to work. Take in the morning time.
Dull xetine (Cymbalta)
SNRI. Blocks reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin. Used for depression.
AE: weight loss. HTN/tachycardia, serotonin syndrome, sexual dysfunction, increased suicide in children/YA, headache, blurred vision, dypsnea. Don't use if pregnant.
Tricyclic. Used for depression.
AE: orthostatic hypotension, sedation, dry mouth, toxicity, constipation, decreased seizure threshold, urinary retention, excessive sweating.
No alcohol. Takes 10-14 days to work but may take up to 4-8wks.
Do not stop taking abruptly.
No St. John's wort
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