Ancient Greece Vocabulary

Vocabulary for the unit on Ancient Greece at StudentsofHistory.org.
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Terms in this set (...)

Minoan
Society located on the island of Crete that influenced the early Mycenaeans.
Mycenaean
The Indo-European people who settled on the Greek mainland around 2000 BC.
Polis
A city-state in ancient Greece.
Mythology
A set of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works.
Acropolis
Greek for "high city". The chief temples of the city were located here.
Agora
The marketplace in a polis in ancient Greece.
Direct Democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
Phalanx
A group of armed foot soldiers in ancient Greece arranged close together in rows
Helot
In ancient Sparta, a slave owned by the state
Parthenon
A temple dedicated to the goddess Athena in Athens.
Philosophy
An organized system of thought, from the Greek for "love of wisdom".
Persian War
A series of conflicts between the Empire of Persia and Greek city-states.
Thermopylae
A narrow straight where the battle of 300 took place between Persia and Greece.
Peloponnesian War
Thirty year conflict between Athens and Sparta
Hellenic
Greek culture of the 11th century BCE to 323 BCE.
Hellenistic
The form of Greek culture that emerged after Alexander's conquests

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