Ancient Rome Vocabulary

Vocabulary terms from the unit on Ancient Rome at https://studentsofhistory.org.
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Republic
A government in which citizens rule through elected representatives.
Plebeian
An ordinary citizen in the ancient Roman Republic.
Patrician
In Ancient Rome, this was a person of noble birth; an aristocrat.
Tribune
In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights.
Legion
A group of about 6,000 foot soldiers in the army of ancient Rome.
12 Tables
The 1st written code of laws in Rome
Consul
The elected leaders of the Roman army and government. They would rule for one year.
Senate
A group of 300 men elected to govern Rome in the Roman Republic.
Dictator
A ruler who has complete power over a country.
Punic Wars
A series of Roman wars against Carthage, a city in Northern Africa.
Pax Romana
200 year period of peace in Rome.
Apostle
Early Christian leader who had been chosen by Jesus to spread his message
Aqueducts
Bridge-like stone structures that carry water from the hills into Roman cities
The Colosseum
A large arena for "the games", such as animal hunts and gladiator fights.
Gladiator
In ancient Rome, a person who fought people or animals for public entertainment.
Constantinople
The capital of the eastern Roman Empire and later of the Byzantine Empire.
Barbarians
Tribes from Northern Europe who invaded the remnants of the Roman Empire and settled there.