88 terms

7th WRT: Unit 5B: Connecting All Genres


Terms in this set (...)

topic is the subject that can be stated in one or two words
the central or universal idea of a piece of fiction or the main idea of a nonfiction essay; must be stated in a complete sentence
the intended goal of a piece of writing; the reason a person writes
the central or universal idea of a piece of fiction or the main idea of a nonfiction essay
a body of traditional or sacred stories to explain a belief or a natural happening
the lines spoken between characters in fiction or a play. Dialogue in a play is the main way in which plot, character, and other elements are established.
stage directions
a playwright's descriptive comments that provide information about the dialogue, setting, and actions during the play.
A person, place, thing, or idea
A word that takes the place of a noun
A word that expresses action or a state of being
A word that describes a noun or pronoun
A word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
A word used to join words or groups of words
A noun or pronoun placed beside another noun or pronoun to identify or describe it.
a spoken word, phrase, or sound that expresses sudden or strong feeling
planning/ prewriting
exploring and organizing ideas to write about; brainstorming
prepare a preliminary version of (a text),
Turn your ideas into sentences and paragraphs
changing, adding, or deleting words, phrases, or sentences to clarify and/or to enhance the message to ensure the purpose, audience, and genre have been addressed
Proofreading the draft for misspelled words, grammar, mechanic errors.
Use legible handwriting with appropriate spacing and/or use available technology to publish written work;
Share published work with an appropriate audience
elements of setting
time, place, environment, culture, historical background
interesting characters
physical traits, emotional traits, personal traits, motivations
a word that relates its object to another word in the sentence (e.g., at in at school or of in of your writing)
prepositional phrase
a phrase that begins with a preposition and is followed by an object (e.g., on the road and by her)
relative pronouns
independent clause
a group of words containing a subject and a verb that can stand alone as a complete sentence; also called a main clause
dependent clause
a group of words with a subject and a verb that modifies a main or independent clause to which it is joined (e.g., until you leave in I will wait until you leave); also called a subordinate clause
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem (ex. ABAB)
the giving of human qualities to an animal, object, or idea
A common, often used expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally.
exaggeration for the purpose of emphasis "i told you a million times"
graphic elements of poetry
Capital letters, line length, and word position; also called the "shape" of a poem
parts of speech
Noun, verb, pronoun, adjective, adverb, interjection, preposition, conjunction
writing process
planning, drafting, revising, editing, publishing
personal narrative
an expressive literary piece written in first person that centers on a particular event in the author's life and may contain vivid description as well as personal commentary and observations
literary device
a specific convention or structure—such as imagery, irony, or foreshadowing—that is employed by the author to produce a given effect. Literary devices are important aspects of an author's style.
perfect tense of a verb
verb form that indicates an act that has been completed
progressive tense of a verb
a verb tense that indicates an action is ongoing
a verb form incorporating the use of -ed or -ing for regular verbs and using the third principle part of the verb for irregular verbs.
conjunctive adverb
an adverb (e.g., however, nonetheless, therefore) that introduces or connects independent clauses and that shows cause and effect, comparison, contrast, or some other relationship between clauses
subordinating conjunction
introduces a dependent clause and connects it to an independent clause (e.g., because, when, unless)
transitional word/phrase
words or phrases that help to sustain a thought or idea through the writing. They link sentences and paragraphs together smoothly so that there are no abrupt jumps or breaks between ideas.
text structures
organizational patterns in texts
cause and effect
The reason something happens and the result of it happening.
sequential order
A series of events that must be done in a certain order
any careful detailing of a person, place, thing, or event
order of importance
Details build from least important to most important or vice versa
compare and contrast
Shows how two or more things are alike AND different
logical order
an order or sequence that makes sense and is easy for readers to follow
problem solution
A text structure that presents a problem and offers solutions to solve the problem.
give a brief statement of the main points of (something).
reason for writing
Those for whom a piece of writing is intended
a major category or type of literature
word choice
the author's thoughtful use of precise vocabulary to fully convey meaning to the reader
expository text
a type of informational text that clarifies or explains something
controlling idea/ thesis statement
the main point or underlying direction of a piece of writing. A controlling idea makes the reader ask a question that will be answered by reading more or helps the reader understand the author's purpose for writing the paragraph or essay.
a sentence fragment that does not include a subject and a verb
a sentence fragment that contains a subject and a verb (does not contain a complete thought)
adjectival phrase
a group of words with a subject and a verb that acts as an adjective by describing a noun or pronoun (e.g., The young man who is sitting near the door is my son.). Relative pronouns (who, whom, whose, which, that) usually introduce the adjectival clause but clauses may also begin with relative adverbs (when, where, why)
adverbial phrase
a prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb (e.g., The tennis courts stay open late into the evening.)
adverbial clause
a group of words with a subject and a verb that acts as an adverb by modifying a verb, adjective, or another adverb (e.g., I will go home when the party is over.)
simple sentence
a sentence with one clause (e.g., The chicken crossed the road.)
complex sentence
a sentence with an independent clause and at least one dependent clause (e.g., I cleaned the room when the guests left.)
compound sentence
a sentence composed of at least two independent clauses linked with a conjunction (e.g., Sam talked, and Emma listened.)
When two or more independent clauses are joined incorrectly
A word, phrase, or clause that does not form a full sentence
comma splice
Two sentences joined incorrectly by a comma instead of a conjunction, period, or semicolon
rhetorical fallacy
an argument that is not sound but may still be convincing
ad hominem
a rhetorical fallacy in which the intent is to attack the character or circumstance of the proponent of the position in order to distract from the argument
the means of persuasion in an argument. According to Aristotle, there are three fundamental appeals to convince a person: reason (logos), ethics (ethos), and emotion (pathos).
logical fallacy
an incorrect or problematic argument that is not based on sound reasoning (e.g., Because everything is bigger in Texas, you can expect a bigger salary in Texas.)
emotional fallacy
appeal to audience's emotions
ethical fallacy
unreasonably advance the writer's own authority or character
explicit message
specific, clear, detailed (leaves little room for interpretation)
implicit message
uses visuals, body language, etc. to communicate meaning; the meaning must be inferred
thesis statement
a statement or premise supported by arguments; the subject or theme of a speech or composition
rhetorical device
a technique that an author or speaker uses to influence or persuade an audience
counter argument
An argument or set of reasons put forward to oppose an idea
a group of words that does not contain a subject and a verb; a fragment
a group of words that contains a subject and a verb
independent clause
a clause that can stand on its own as a complete sentence
subordinate/dependent clause
a clause that does not contain a complete thought.
By itself it is a fragment. It "depends" on an independent clause to form a complete thought.
compound sentence
Two or more independent clauses joined together with a comma and a coordinating conjunction or a semicolon.
complex sentence
An independent clause and at least one dependent clause.
coordinating conjunction
FANBOYS; for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
subordinating conjunction
SWABI; words like since, when, although, because, if, etc. Used to introduce dependent clauses.