Anglo-American Cataloging Rules, second edition, cooperatively developed by the library associations and national libraries of the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and, beginning in 1981, Australia, Superseded by RDA in 2013.
The process of choosing and formulating headings for bibliographic access (that is, cataloging), intellectual access (that is, classification and indexing), and physical access to material.
Any name, word, or phrase by which a catalog record can be retrieved from the catalog, known also as an entry, heading, or retrieval point.
Added entry: Personal name
A personal name used as a subject access point.
Added entry: corporate name
A corporate name used as a local subject access point. Not very common
Added entry: uniform title
A preferred title used as an access point. Usually given if there is no author or work is before 1500.
Areas of bibliographic description designated by ISBD and AACR2-2005
1. Title and Statement of Responsibility Area Includes: Title Proper [GMD] = Parallel title ; Other titles / Statements of responsibility 2. Edition Area 3. Special Area for serials, maps, etc, and music 4. Publication, Distribution, etc. Area 5. Physical Distribution Area 6. Series Area 7. Notes Area 8. Standard Number Area
The part of a catalog record that identifies the item it represents, exclusive of access points, call numbers, and other control numbers other than the ISBN.
The shelf address of an item, usually consisting of its classification number and shelf marks.
chief source of information
In descriptive cataloging, the main location from which bibliographic data are taken, such as the title page of a book, title screens of an electronic resource, etc.
How a document is divided into pages
To bring related items together, such as titles written by the same author, editions and versions of the same title, or materials on the same topic.
A list of terms authorized for indexing, such as a subject heading list or thesaurus.
copy cataloging/ classification
A method of cataloging of classifying library materials in which a source record is copied or edited instead of creating a new record.
A message int eh catalog that links two or more related access points. For example, a message at Clemens, Samuel Langhorne referring searchers to Twain, Mark.
An alphanumeric code originated by Charles A. Cutter, designed to arrange items in alphabetical order.
Dewey Decimal Classification
A catalog in which all records are filed alphabetically.
An edition is defined as materials produced by the same entity or publisher using the same type image for print items, containing essentially the same contents for electronic resources, or having the same contents as the master copy for all other types of materials. The edition statement is generally identified through such words as edition, issue, or version, and any associated words such as revised and enlarged.
In the MARC formats, one part of a record corresponding to one area of description, one subject heading, one call number, etc.
(1) Any field containing data of fixed length and in fixed format. (2) In OCLC records, this refers also to special formatting of the 008 field in which specially designed prefixed identify subfield in place of the usual subfield codes.
general materials designation (gmd)
A term indicating the broad class of material to which the item or collection belongs.
A note that provides general information for which a specialized note field.
Any name, word, or phrase by which a catalog record can be retrieved from the catalog. Same as access point.
HyperText Markup Language; a set of protocols for editing text for computer input and communication
Publishing data for a book, including the location and name of the publisher, and date of publication. In AACR2, these data were expanded and renamed "publication, distribution, etc., information."
In MARC format fields, two special values that instruct the computer to manipulate data in a particular way. For example, in the 245 field, the first indicator value controls making an added entry for title proper and the second indicator value controls indexing of title proper.
International Standard Bibliographic Description. An international standard promulgated by IFLA for describing materials, which mandates sources for the descriptive data, the data elements, the order in which they are to appear, and punctuation to identify them.
International Standard Book Number. An internationally used unique identifier for each title issued by publishers participating in the program.
An index in which significant words from titles, subject headings, or other areas of a catalog record are access points.
Library of Congress Classification
Library of Congress Control Number. A unique number assigned by the Library of Congress to each catalog record it creates and by which its customers order cataloging on cards or in computer-readable format. Before the advent of computerized cataloging products, the acronym stood for Library of Congress Card Number.
Library of Congress Subject Headings. A subject authority produced by the Library of Congress.
Level 1 Cataloging
The simplest level of cataloging. This level is appropriate for small collections that may never be part of a resource-sharing network.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data (CIP)
Created prior to publication for books and non-book materials. When the item is close to publication the publishers send copies of bibliographic info. to the national library to be assigned the information needed to enter them in the national bibliographic database.
Main entry: personal author
The first and most important descriptive access point assigned to a catalog record by which the item can be retrieved. In a single entry catalog, the access point for a record. This is for one author.
Main entry: corporate body
The first and most important descriptive access point assigned to a catalog record by which the item can be retrieved. In a single entry catalog, the access point for a record. (A named group of people that acts as an entity.)
Main entry: uniform heading
The first and most important descriptive access point assigned to a catalog record by which the item can be retrieved. In a single entry catalog, the access point for a record. This is used for titles that have been republished many times or translated. For example: Hamlet
MAchine-Readable Cataloging. A group of identifying codes used to communicate bibliographic and other types of data using computers, originally devised by the Library of Congress.
An item published or produced in full within a finite time period.
Online Computer Library Center. A bibliographic utility headquartered in Dublin, Ohio, formerly known as the Ohio League Library Center.
Online Public Access Catalog
rule of three
A library rule of thumb using three as the cutoff point for differing treatments; for example, if one, two, or three authors are equally responsible for an item, choose the first named as the main entry, but if there are more than three, choose the title as the main entry.
Sears List of Subject Headings
The current way for catalogers to find the subject heading within a list of topics for each item in the library. Compiled by Minnie Earl Sears and published by H.W. Wilson.
An item published or produced in parts intended to go on without end.
A group of discrete items having, in addition to their own titles, a common title identifying them as part of the group.
Applies when an item is created by more than one responsible party sharing the same type of contribution; for example, a book with multiple authors.
A catalog of items owned by a library arranged by call number.
Statement of responsibility
Part of the first area of description naming those with overall responsibility for the creation of the item.
Subsequent statement of responsibility
Part of the first area of description naming those other people that have responsibilities for the creation of the item.
(1) A word or phrase identifying the intellectual content of an item being cataloged and used as an access point. (2) A term from an authorized list of terms to be used as access points.
The main title of an item.
The title or form of the title chosen as the basis for the authorized access point representing that work.
Level 2 Cataloging
This level requires more details in bibliographic description. This is the level used in most medium size and large libraries. National computer networks, such as OCLC require this level of cataloging.
Level 3 Cataloging
This level requires the fullest form of description; it is usually used in libraries that specialize in a certain area