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Basic Computer Terms
A large set of basic computer terms and definitions geared towards intro to computers DSST test, and or basic computer skills and understanding.
Terms in this set (20)
What does RAM stand for?
Random Access Memory.
What does ALU stand for?
Arithmetic, Logic, Unit.
What does ROM stand for?
Ready Only Memory.
What is HTTP? What does it stand for?
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol, the data transfer protocol used on the World Wide Web.
What is HTTPS? What does it stand for?
Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secured: a protocol (utilizing TCP) to transfer hypertext requests and information between servers and browsers.
Define Domain Name.
A series of alphanumeric strings (letters/numbers) separated by periods, such as www.facebook.com, serving as an address for a computer network (server).
electronic mail: a system of world-wide electronic communication in which a computer can write a message at one computer that can be regenerated (or read) at the recipient's computer (Gmail is a form of email management).
Define Instant Message (IM).
Instant messaging (IM) is a form of real-time direct text-based communication between two or more people using computers; This is similar to email.
What does FTP stand for? What is its purpose?
Better Definition coming soon!
What is a Motherboard? What does it do?
A printed (manufactured) circuit board containing the main components of a computer or other device, with connectors into which other circuit boards can be added (such as graphics cards).
What is Hardware?
Anything that makes up the computer such as a monitor, or computer fan.
What is Software?
Any program that runs on the computer.
What does the ALU do?
Arithmetic Logic Unit; The ALU (hardware) is a fundamental building block of the central processing unit of a computer, and even the simplest microprocessors contain one for purposes such as maintaining timers.
What does CISC stand for? What does it do?
Complex Instruction Set Computer; The CISC (hardware) contains a large set of computer instructions that range from very simple to very complex and specialized.
What does a Hard Drive do?
Stores information: A hard drive is a mass storage device.
What is an Input Device?
Anything thing that inputs a signal: For example: A Keyboard, Mouse, Hard Drive, ect.
Macros (Hot Keys)
Key short cuts, for example using CTRL C to copy something.
Over Right (Replace)
The act of updating/replacing a file that already exists with something new.
ZIP (File compression)
ZIPing a file is the act of compressing (making smaller) a file, also making it more easily accessible for users. This file format must be uncompressed to use the files inside.
Anything that holds data, or information, for example word documents are a type of file.
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