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art appreciation final
Terms in this set (440)
Art is often controversial because __________________
artists and observers have varying ideas of what art is.
Which of the following statements best describes James Auduborn's intentions when he painted, Wild Turkey?
[NOT] He intended to do all of the above through his painting, Wild Turkey.
When we see something that exists in real life, there are many different ways to display imagery and importance using art. What the artist _____________ depends on what he/she wants to communicate.
___________ provides both equilibrium and aesthetics to a piece of art.
Which of the following statements does not define what art is?
Art combines balance, proportion, composition, and imagery.
The artist who painted this piece of modern art focused mainly on __________ and __________.
What is the most common purpose for composition in art?
It provides an understanding of, and agreement among, all the elements.
__________ is best defined as the all-encompassing reproduction of a person or thing.
Forms of art depend upon _____________________
the artist's tastes and the message the artist wants to convey.
Brancusi's well-known sculpture of a bird was intended to ____________
emphasize the graceful qualities of a bird.
What is the difference between design and technique?
Design refers to the overall organization of a work of art, where as technique refers to the way the artist used the materials to create a desired outcome or impression.
Portraits were considered extremely important in early history because they were _____________
the only method for recording images of people.
Which of the following is not true regarding the use and importance of symmetry?
It creates differentiation between each part through the use of dimension and scale.
Medium is _____________
the materials used by an artist.
A visual metaphor is effective because _________________.
it allows an artist to use one or more images to replace another, in order to convey a message or idea.
Which famous Roman author was quoted as saying, "Art was inspired by nature, a work of art differs from nature because an artist will transform nature into art."?
Marcus Fabius Quintilian
Winslow Homer's, Shore and Surf (above), is an example of how artists take elements from the environment to _____________
transform and represent their mood and messages.
Which of the following is not likely an intention of Da Vinci's, when he created his work of art, entitled Old Man Contemplating the Flow of Water?
The man is of old-age because all great philosophers in history have been elderly.
The oil painting above entitled, The Dream, uses visual metaphor.
Hercules, the Great Warrior, and the history behind the saying, "an elephant never forgets," are both examples of what type of artistic inspiration?
Symbolism is ____________________
the art of using symbols, or having symbolic meaning.
Why was the conquest of England documented in a tapestry?
Tapestries were known to be both durable and portable.
There was much _____________ used in the ancient writings, to produce a visual narrative of what had happened.
Tapestries were known to be both durable and portable.
Which of the following is not a true statement?
Columnar monuments were used only by the Romans until the 14th century.
Historically, the main purpose of statues has been to ______________
commemorate rulers and other important individuals.
The photograph above is a picture entitled, the Ruins of Gallego's Flour Mill, in Richmond. This picture is intended to _________________
record the losses caused by the Civil War.
Look at the sculpture above of Augustus. A staff, like the one he is holding, symbolized __________ in Roman culture.
The sculptor used much symbolism when creating this piece, such as the staff that signifies leadership.The use of symbols in this statue suggests the piece is more ______(1)_______ than ______(2)_______.
(1) commemorative; (2) documentary
This picture was taken as American troops _________________ during WWII.
landed on D-Day
Above is a close-up of the narratives carved into the Column of Trajan. Which of the following is not true about the above narratives/column?
Trajan is best known as a Roman philosopher.
This is a portrait of Henry VIII. Which of the following is not a true statement about this portrait?
The artist intentionally painted all of Henry VIII features accurately so that the general public would know his superiority and power were real, and not self-made.
In the above painting, what message was the artist, Antoine-Jean Gros, trying to spread?
He intended to show Napoleon as a Christ-like figure, healing the sick with his touch.
Which of following is a true statement about this portrait of Philip IV?
By painting him on horseback, any imperfections were easily minimized.
This painting, entitled Guernica, is an abstract painting of the anguish experienced by those individuals who experienced the Nazi German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. What did Picasso intend to show through this painting?
He wanted to show the atrocities of war and evils of Fascism.
In art, the material used by an artist to create a work of art is called the ___________.
Although the two portraits shown are different, what overall message do they have in common?
All of the above are true.
Which of the following is true regarding equestrian portraits?
They used the image of a horse beneath a political figure to help convey the subject supreme power and leadership.
Which of the following pieces of art would be considered a form of social protest?
Propaganda is ________________
something created to deliberately convince or influence people's thoughts, opinions, and/or actions.
Emanuel Leutze's Washington Crossing the Delaware, describes the historic event when __________________
General Washington led his troops across the Delaware River to fight in the Battle of Trenton.
How does art serve a functional purpose for many places of worship?
It provides a connection and reminder to its patrons of their faith and god(s).
Anthropomorphic images, such as the one above, are most commonly created by Native Tribes in ________________.
_______________ is an art form involving taking animals or objects and giving them human shapes and/or qualities.
The above photograph shows an example of a _________________.
As early as 7000 BCE, during the Neolithic Age, people of Jericho refashioned __________.
Which of the following statements is not true regarding the intention of this piece of art known as the Perumal Temple Statue?
The images are multi-colored to show Hindu acceptance of all races.
___________ created the above Christian portrait of Saint James for the purpose of conveying the powerful presence of the apostle and remind people of the beginnings of Christianity.
Examine the painting above. Based on your knowledge of art and the painting itself, which of the following is not true?
The painting was commissioned by the government for the church, as a peace offering.
A martyr is a person who is __________________
put to death or endures great suffering on behalf of their beliefs, principles, or a cause.
The above piece of art is a replica of what type of religious art?
Texture can be the ____(1)____ of a design. With texture, lines and surfaces can be described as ____(2)____ and ____(3)____.
(1) line quality; (2) smooth; (3) rough
The piece above is called, The Portuguese, by Georges Braque. Braque used zigzag lines as his primary element in this piece, in order to suggest _____(1)_____ and _____(2)_____.
(1) confusion; (2) action
Artists use foreshortening and overlapping to create ___________ in a work of art.
Above is an image of Paul Gauguin's Tahitian Landscape. Which of the following is not true about this piece?
Gauguin relied on geometric shapes to create mood and energy in his piece.
_____________ gradually change direction, while ____________ create a sense of motion.
(1) curvilinear lines; (2) diagonal lines
the painting above is by Diego Rivera.
Which of the following is not a visual element of art?
Who created the piece of art above entitled, Study of a Woman's Back?
This is a photograph of Saint Peter's Basilica. Which of the following is true about this structure?
The architect used vertical lines to emphasize the strength and permanence of the building and horizontal caps on the columns to keep the façade from escaping into the heavens and to help contain it as a piece of art.
Line is defined as a ______________________
A path through space
Mass is the ________(1)________, where as depth is the ________(2)________.
(1) effect or degree of bulk,density, or weight a 3-dimensional form;
(2) apparent distance from front to back in a piece of artwork
___________ is the use of value to create the illusion of depth.
In the above painting by Salvador Dalí, entitled Persistence of Memory, which of the following objects do not occupy positive space?
Objects in a composition occupy ____________.
Negative space is particularly important and highly utilized in creating ____________
The art of using and understanding space involves _______________
all of the above.
In Van Gogh's Starry Night, he incorporated symbolic expression, using the visual elements of art, through all of the following actions, except which?
The artist has created the piece so that the negative space overpowers the positive space.
The painting above is called The Holy Family, by ______(1)_______, who is considered a master of ______(2)_______.
This artwork is called the Raft of the Medusa, painted by Géricault. All the visual elements incorporated by Géricault lead the eye to which primary focal point?
the man waving the flag
_____________ is the area of dark created when an object blocks light.
Examine this piece of art by Jean-Auguste-Dominque Ingres, entitled, Napoleon on his Imperial Throne. All of the following examples display Ingres' use of texture, except which?
[NOT] The thickness of the carpet.
Who sculpted the above work of art entitled, Mademoiselle Pogany.
How has texture proved essential to many cultural art forms?
It has been used to depict a message or a feeling.
Impasto is ______________
thickly applied paint that lets us see brushstrokes.
Depth is the ________________
apparent distance from front to back in a piece of artwork.
Many cultures have incorporated texture in all of the following mediums, except which?
all of the above mediums use texture
Through Vincent van Gogh's use of varying brushstrokes in the above painting, he exemplifies what technique of texture?
Cross-hatching provides an illusion of various ______(1)_______, while impasto provides an illusion of ______(2)_______.
(1) values; (2) depth
The two most important components in creating implied texture are _______________.
shadow and light
The degree to which the surface of an object seems to have a particular feel is referred to as an object's _____________.
Look closely at the images below. Which of the images shows two point perspective?
Which of the following is true about two point perspective?
Objects in the picture may not be perpendicular to the picture plan.
Look at the above painting. Which of the following elements of the painting do not lead to the vanishing point, which extends between the dancing man and woman?
[NOT] All the other people are close together, while the man and woman are spaced out and distanced from the other people.
Perspective was first perfected and widely used by artists during the ________________.
Multiple point perspective is a system of perspective in which __________________
there are a number of vanishing points, usually created by multiple objects.
Three-dimensional drawing in which all the sides are measured full size and scaled with the drawing at 30° to the horizontal is known as ___________________.
In the painting above, the artist has used two point perspective. What is the title of this piece?
The Night Café
When you look at a railroad track, we know logically that the two tracks are parallel to each other and remain the same distance apart, but the farther ahead we look, the closer they appear to each other. What type of perspective is this?
In the painting above by Leonardo da Vinci, where is the vanishing point?
The face and figure of Jesus (center figure).
In a picture, the objects decrease in size as they recede towards the ______________.
Intensity is ___________________
the brightness or dullness of a color.
What primary element of light helps the observer see three-dimensions?
What is the difference between light and value?
Light is the illumination coming from a light source, where as value is the degree of lightness or lack if light in a hue.
Secondary colors are __________________
hues made by combining equal parts of two primary colors.
The image above is of the color wheel used by artists. If an artist wanted to create a artwork with analogous colors, how would he/she use the color wheel to achieve this result?
The artist would want to decide on a single hue, and then he/she would use the neighboring colors to the left and/or right of the chosen hue.
Shading is created using ________________
tints and tones of a given hue.
The primary colors are ____________________.
yellow, blue, and red
The painting above is an example of how an artist can use _________________ to create a desired mood or affect.
The photograph above depicts a traditional Chinese wedding. This cultural photo is an example of _________ in a work of art.
This painting is by Pablo Picasso, entitled The Blind Man's Meal. What type of color scheme did Picasso use and its definition?
He used a monochromatic color scheme, which occurs when one color predominates,shades of black, tints of white, values of a hue.
What is asymmetry?
A sense of balance achieved by placing objects or forms that are different on either side of a central line.
What is the difference between movement and rhythm?
Movement is the sense of motion created by a piece, where as rhythm is the simulation of motion through the repetition of an object or part in the piece.
As an architect incorporates structural balance, he/she considers _______________.
both the aesthetics and stability of the structure.
In the image above, entitled Raft of the Medusa, the artist wanted to give ______________ to the man waving the flag or cloth in the upper right corner.
All of the following are principles of design in art, except which?
Formal balance is _______________
the linear symmetry of an images, so that two halves are mirror images of each other.
When the artist created this piece of art, she chose to place the words vertically. Why would she make this choice?
She wanted the eyes to start at the top, and then move to the bottom of the page.
To create this piece and convey a desired message or feeling, the artist relied mainly on which two principles of design?
[NOT] movement and emphasis
Look at the painting by Duchamp, entitled _______(1)_______. The repetition and shifting diagonal lines creates a sense of _______(2)_______.
(1) Nude Descending a Staircase; (2) movement
In art, what does the term, "form" mean?
Any three dimensional geometric shape. It can also refer to the visible elements of a piece.
In a work of art, the arrangement of visual elements is known as the ____________.
What is form?
c. The visible elements of a piece.
Art that conforms to an idea of something, such as beauty, status, or power is called _____________.
This sculpture entitled, The Disc Thrower, is an example of what form of art?
c. objective art
In a work of art, what is the subject?
a. What is being represented in the piece.
This painting is by James Whistler, and is entitled, Symphony in Blue and Pink. What is the subject matter of this piece?
d. The four figures standing on the beach.
Which of the following is not true?
a. Naturalistic art shows things in their natural form and in their natural habitat, but can sometimes show what something looks like at one time, rather than what is.
The design of a work of art influences the ____________ created within the piece and felt by the observer.
Which of the following is not a category of form in art?
b. abstract art
This piece is an example of _______________.
d. naturalistic art
Why is Bernini's sculpture of the biblical character, David (above), different from other famous sculptures of David?
c. The sculpture shows David as active and ready for battle.
When the artist painted this piece, what circumstance was the artist trying to criticize in society?
c. The mistreatment of women in France.
Which form of art allows the observer to learn about the artist through his/her work?
How the art relates to the artist's personal concept of self is referred to as ______________
Which of the following statement(s) is/are true about the work of art above?
d. All of the above are true.
What is Deconstruction in art?
d. A branch of analysis that questions traditional assumptions about what we see, think, or do.
If a Structuralist was to look at this painting, what would he/she observe?
a. A grain stack in a natural landscape.
What method of art analysis considers the underlying unconscious meaning of an artwork?
What is autobiographical art?
a. Artwork expressing something about the artist's life.
Why is biography important to art and literature?
d. It allows the artist's life is told through the work of art.
________________ is a printmaking technique from the beginning of the 18th Century used for the reproduction of red or brown chalk drawings.
This drawing by Pablo Picasso is an example of a _________________.
The surface a drawing is created on is called the ______________.
If a pencil's H# is decreased, then ______________
a. the level of clay used increases.
Drawing was important in early history because _______________
c. it was the only method of visually recording history, before the creation of photography and film.
All of the following are useful blending tools when creating pencil drawings, except which?
Silverpoint is _____________
b. a technique involving the use of a metal point, and a thin silver wire, popular in the 14th and 15th Centuries.
Which of the following is not true?
d. Drawing is expensive and takes a long time to produce.
Which of the following mediums is made from a mix of carbon and clay?
Which of the following is true about charcoal?
b. It has been a main medium used by Japanese artists throughout history.
All of the following are examples of popular paint brushes used by artists to create different affects and results, except which?
b. spiral brushes
Liquid media is ________________
d. use of a material in liquid form, such as with ink.
The image above, entitled, Self-Portrait with Two Pupils, is an example of an artist's use of ____________.
c. liquid media
A disadvantage to liquid media is that ________________
a. it can be costly to use.
___________ is a media that consists of natural or synthetic mineral or plant substances that deposit crystalline or splinter-like fragments in the paper fibers.
a. Dry media
In painting, medium is ____________________
b. the substance that is added to a color in order to help application.
Which of the following is true of mixed media?
d. One form of mixed media was commonly used to create illuminated manuscripts.
____________ works of art are created on frosted parchment-like material or surface, which can be made from young calf skin that is stretched out.
An advantage of using dry media is __________________
a. its ability to be erased and/or corrected.
Which of the following is not true about the above work of art?
b. It was created using oil acrylic paint, and therefore an example of liquid media.
This watercolor, entitled The Adirondak Guide, was painted by which artist?
To create watercolor, water is mixed with ____________.
d. gum arabic
Pigment is the ____________________
a. ground up solids that contain color.
The three components of painting media are ________________________.
b. vehicle, binder, and pigment.
The liquid substance used in paint and other media to bind particles of pigment together is called the ______________.
For which painting media is egg yolk combined with water?
____________ adjusts the viscosity of the paint.
Painting is commonly thought of as synonymous with art because _____________
d. all of the above are true.
This painting is was created using _______(1)_______ paint. To create the paint, the artist combine colored pigments, with _______(2)_______ and _______(3)_______.
d. (1) tempera paint; (2) water; (3) egg yolk
Gouache painting is a form of ________________, in which white pigment is added to create a duller effect and tinted feel.
______________ means to enclose something tightly, such as is done with stones or tiles, and a filler, when creating mosaics.
The metal that is used to hold stain glass pieces together is called __________.
Mosaics are __________________
d. images made by arranging stones or tiles that are then embedded with a filler to connect the colored pieces.
The piece of art above is an example of a ___________.
By incorporating a stained glass into the walls of a Cathedral, __________________
a. colorful light illuminated the room and provided a desired and enlightening experience.
This piece of art is an example of a _____(1)______, entitled, _____(2)______.
a. (1) collage; (2) Cut with the Kitchen Knife Collage
Which artist made the concept of collage into a form of art in 1912?
b. Pablo Picasso
__________ is a form of artwork arranged from cut out or torn material pasted onto a surface.
The purpose of using stained glass in many cathedrals was to _________________
d. accomplish all of the above.
Mosaics and collages are similar in that they both _________________
a. involve combining pieces to create a final product.
A keyblock is _____________________
b. used to create a black outline before the color is added.
What tool is used to roll the ink over a piece of wood after the engraving has been done?
This print, created by Picasso, displays a bold, highly contrasting design, which is characteristic of ________________.
____________ is a device used to transfer an image.
Which of the following is not true about printmaking?
[NOT] To create a wood engraving, the artist carves a design into the hard side of a block of wood.
When making an intaglio print, ________________
c. ink is added to the engraved grooves.
Relief printing is ___________________
b. a process that uses flat surface in which layers of material cut away to create an image.
All of the following are examples of commonly used tools in relief printing, except which?
Woodblock printing originated in _______________ during the 14th century.
In this example of a woodblock print, the ________________, or chosen locations that ensure the colors align correctly, were likely placed in the corners by the artist.
a. registration points
This artist was hired by the Sierra Club to create a book of photographs of American parks. The book was distributed to Congress, and successfully convinced its members to pass legislation that would preserve American parks by creating a number of national parks and preserves.
The photograph above was produced by ______(1)______. The process he/she used is the same process used by ______(2)______ to create ______(3)______.
(1) Anna Atkins; (2) architects; (3) blueprints
The first camera-like invention was created by a(n) _____(1)_____. Camera is Latin for "_____(2)_____", which is the box-like chamber of a camera where the light enters into through a small hole.
(1) American scientist; (2) reflection
Negative film was invented by ______(1)_______, which allowed negative images to be produced. A negative image is a __________(2)___________
(1) Henry Fox Talbot;
(2) tonal inversion of a positive image, where light appears dark, and dark appears light.
______________ is a printing process in which an image is photographed through a screen on to a sensitized printing plate that after development is etched.
Which of the following is not true about digital photography?
For each image captured using a digital camera, a tonal inversion of a positive image is created, in which light appears dark, and dark appears light.
In photography, a __________ aperture is well-suited for action photographs.
In 1861, __________________
the first color photograph was produced.
_____________ are interesting because they keep some of their light-sensitive properties and can therefore appear to be washed out over time. This condition can be reversed, however, by returning it to a dark room.
The camera is a relatively new invention, dating back to the ______(1)______. However, the science of photography dates back centuries, with the first example being invented by a scientist around ______(2)______ AD.
(1) 1800s; (2) 1000
The photograph above is an example of _______________. This is a darkroom technique to create surreal images.
The Sabattier effect is _____________________
a darkroom technique to create surreal images, which is made by re-exposing a partially developed print to light during the processing.
Examine the photographic image above. Which of the following is true?
This is an example of a montage because the artist has combined several distinct images to produce a blended or combined picture.
This photography by Jacob Riis, entitled, Sleeping Children. He was a photographer in New York City in the early 1900s who used his camera and skills to capture images in an effort to fuel change for the poor. This type of photography is called __________________.
As was done with the photo above, photojournalism has allowed us to record not only facts and information, but also record __________________
the feelings and emotions that only a visual image can show.
Social Documentation is a form of photography that documents social situations in an attempt to influence people's thoughts and actions. Which of the following is not considered a great photographer of Social Documentation of the Great Depression?
Margaret Bourke White
The "father of journalism" is known for ___________________
photographing battling scenes during the Civil War.
___________ is a picture that includes the full face or another feature with much detail.
What is photojournalism?
A report of recorded facts about the world to provide others with information.
_____________ was a very early use of photography. While this was traditionally used by rulers and the wealthy, photography made this type of photography less expensive.
The production of two dimensional images transferred onto a screen for viewing is referred to as ________________.
A(n) ____________________ is responsible for the composition and lighting of each shot in a film.
With regards to camera rotation, why was 180 degree rule introduced to cinematography?
It helps to orient the viewer's perspective and stops them from becoming confused about the image or the location of the subjects or objects.
It helps to orient the viewer's perspective and stops them from becoming confused about the image or the location of the subjects or objects.
is a rotation of the camera, which often starts with the subject's face/front, and the rotates around to show what is in front of the subject or what the subject is looking at.
A ______(1)______ is taken by a photographer while the movie is being filmed for publicity including posters, websites, newspapers, and magazines.
________________ have a photo sensitive side containing special materials to determine the sensitivity, contrast, and resolution of the film.
The technique of projecting a film strip was invented by _______________ in 1895.
the Lumiere brothers
______________ became a possibility when people realized that flipping through pages of related pictures produced the illusion of movement. Each variation of the image on each page, is slightly different then the one before, which creates the illusion in our mind.
The first documentary was created by ______(1)______. It documented ________(2)________
(1) Robert Flaherty; (2) the Inuit people living in the Pacific Northwest.
The first films with sound were called "____(1)____". When sound was added to film in 1927, _____(2)_____.
(2) many film stars could no longer act because their voices were not well-suited for film
__________ are transparent sheets of film on which objects are drawn or painted for traditional hand drawn animation.
The picture above shows a ______________, which is widely used by present-day animators.
Which of the following is true about Computer Generated Imagery (CGI)?
All of the statements above are true of Computer Generated Imagery (CGI).
In a feature animation film, each second of animations contains __________.
A storyboard is _____________
a visual series of rough drawings depicting the scenes of action in a story.
The first animated film was created by J. Stuart Blackton in _____(1)_____. The first animation with sound was created in 1928 entitled, _____(2)_____.
(1) 1906; (2) Steamboat Willie
Through the use of stop motion animation, ______________________
new types of special effects have been created and used.
Because of ____________, the creation process has been sped up, both time and cost have been reduced, and new feats have been achieved that would not have been possible in the past.
Which of the following is not true about the image above, taken from a well-known feature film?
The animators would have used maquettes while making this feature.
______________ was a popular technique used by animator, Tim Burton. With this animation technique, objects/puppets are made by the artist, and each time they are moved, the artist photographs them instead of drawing them.
Stop motion animation
creates animation using live footage as guides.
Which of the following is not true about Alfred Hitchcock?
[NOT] He used chocolate, rather than the traditional corn syrup, to create bloody scenes.
The special effect where time appears to have decreased its speed in order to create suspense is called _____________.
Makeup is useful for all of the following purposes, except which?
It is no longer used by modern filmmakers because computer imagery can create the same results quicker and for a lower cost.
Special effects could include all of the following, except which?
Stop motion uses _____________ which are posed and then photographed in sequence.
_____________ are self-contained, self-sustained explosions, fires, flames, and fireworks used in live performances, film, and other forms of entertainment.
The photograph on the left is an example of ______(1)______. The photograph on the right is an example of ______(2)______.
(1) pyrotechnics; (2) stop motion
_______(1)_______ is used as a pre-selected background which will be replaced by _______(2)_______.
(1) The green screen; (2) a fake background
_______________ is a technique that transfers an actor's motions into a computerized character using a tight suit covered with tiny sensors called markers that read and record each movement, and those recordings are put together to create a realistic computerized image.
_______________ was a well-known architect of the Arts and Crafts Movement.
[NOT] Frank Lucas
The artist's purpose for this piece of glass art was __________________
to show the process and skill, along with the meaning of the artwork.
This is an example of a ________________ because it not only shows skills and beauty, but was also created to hold or transport something.
piece of functional art
A handicraft _____________
is made using hand skills and generally serves a utilitarian rather than fine art function.
___________ is a creative expression of an idea in some form.
The Arts and Crafts Movement was largely fueled by the _____(1)_____, in which everything was mass produced. More and more artists wanted to return to _____(2)_____ objects that were unique.
(1) Industrial Revolution; (2) hand-crafted
A craft __________________
emphasizes the physical effort and skill in the creative process.
For architecture during the Arts and Crafts Movement, which of the following was not characteristic?
Creating architecture that was for personal use by the artist, and not to be sold for money.
The Arts and Crafts Movement occurred mainly in _______________.
the United States and England
Which of the following is not true?
Rustic, unfinished qualities were commonly seen in decorative arts, but not architecture.
_____________ is clay that has been watered down to the consistency of paint. It was used primarily by the Greeks to decorate and "glue" pieces together.
This image is an example which technique in ceramics?
a. red figure painting
Earthenware is a(n) ____________________
b. common material used for pottery and decorative objects. It has to be fired and glazed because it is so brittle and porous in its natural form.
_____________ is a process, also known as inlay, in which spaces are cut into wood and filled with wood shapes of a different color.
A two handled storage jar with a long neck that is narrower than its body is called a(n) ______________.
The _____________ were among the first to use ceramics, and paint them with elaborate decorations during the 6th and 5th century BCE.
A ______(1)______ is used to spin the clay while the ceramicist shapes it into a form, where as a ______(2)______ is used to file, or heat the clay.
b. (1) potters wheel; (2) kiln
Black figure painting is ____________________
d. an ancient Greek technique in which the figures appear as black silhouettes on red background.
Ceramics were first created __________________
[NOT] as a form of art in ancient societies, which displayed advanced culture and richness.
The main advantage to red figure painting over black figure painting is _________________
b. it allowed artists to include greater detail in the anatomy of the painted figures.
Milling is the ___________________
process of cutting and shaping unwanted materials or parts to create a desired shape.
______________ is a durable metal and is widely used for casting, which is a process by which melted metal is poured into a mold.
A precious metal is _________________
an highly valuable element with super and electric and thermal conductivity, high luster, and sensitivity.
The Statue of Liberty (pictured above) was made of a sheeting of pure _____(1)_____ and was made using a metalworking process known as _____(2)_____.
(1) copper; (2) casting
This artistic representation of metalworking, which show the creativity and versatility that can be achieved with metal, is entitled, _____________.
Which of the following is true of iron?
It can exist in many alloys, usually with a carbon base.
______________ is not only the most valuable precious metal, but it is also both aesthetically and intrinsically pleasing, and retains religious or symbolic meaning in many cultures.
Early in history, ____________ was created not only for ornamental purposes, but also as a way of connecting to gods and receiving their protection.
Which of the following is not true of silver?
It is a copper alloy, usually mixed tin as the main additive.
The ____________ was a stage of prehistoric development in which iron was predominantly used to make tools and weapons.
If a piece of glass permits light to pass through, then it is considered ___________.
____________ involves light in a way that differs from nearly all other works of art.
d. Glass crafts
d. includes all of the above attributes and properties.
_____(1) _____ are made by heating sand silica until it melts into a liquid state. The melted glass can then either be shaped by _____(2) _____ the liquid glass or by pouring the melted glass into a mold. The shape and size of the finished piece depends on the tools and method used by the artist.
c. (1) Glass crafts; (2) blowing
This is an example of which technique using fiber?
All of the following are types of artistic techniques that use fibers, except which?
a. glass blowing
Stained glass can be useful for _____________________
a. transmitting light and displaying colorful images.
Prisms made of glass will ________ light and create colored rainbows on a wall, as is shown in the image above.
The __________ is the lengthwise yarns which are arranged in right angles next to each other.
Fibers can come from various sources. Which of the following is not a common source of fiber among artists?
The primary difference between a high relief and a low relief is that _________________
[NOT] a low relief is carved into the background, where as a high relief is projected out.
A high relief is _________________
a form that extends at least halfway out of the background.
A relief sculpture is similar to a painting because ______________
it has a singular point of view.
The image above shows Mount Rushmore, which is located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. Mount Rushmore is considered a relief sculpture because _____________
of all of the above reasons.
A freestanding sculpture _________________
is surrounded by space on all sides, allowing it to be viewed from multiple perspectives.
Which of the following is not true of relief sculpture?
The carved images in relief sculptures always extend at least halfway off the background.
This sculpture is an example of a low relief because ___________________.
the images are extended less than halfway out of the background.
A form or technique of sculpture where by the image is carved into a flat surface is technically known by artists as a ______________.
This is an example of a ________________.
A bas relief is another term used for a _________________.
Assemblage is ________________
an additive process where artists construct work by putting together objects and attaches them in some way.
______(1)______ is a technique for ______(2)______ in which wax is carved then heated after a mold is made, then heated so that the wax melts, leaving an impression.
(1) Lost wax; (2) casting
All of the following are examples of materials used for carving, except which?
In this example sculpture in the round, entitled, David, the figure (David) is positioned so that he is standing with most of its weight on one foot. In sculpture, this style is referred to as ____________.
Which of the following is not true of sculpture in the round?
There are three main techniques of sculpture in the round which include, casting, carving, and assemblage.
Which technique of sculpture was used to create the piece of art above?
______________ is the process of forming a pliable medium with hands or tools.
Which sculpture technique is more commonly used by modern artists than by artists in the past?
Which of the following is NOT true of the sculpture above?
The sculpture is an example of modeling.
In sculpture in the round, the division of positive and negative space is dependent on the _______________________
angle the sculpture is being viewed from.
What type of environment sculpture is the above sculpture an example of?
A site specific sculpture is __________________
a sculpture that has an integral relationship with the particular site where the exist.
______________ is a type of sculpture that was inspired by forms and processes from nature.
Why is environment sculpture debated as a form of art by academic scholars?
Environment sculpture is a relatively new form of art, and therefore there are no concrete definitions or boundaries for it.
A group of interrelated objects that exist together in a space is called a(n) _____________.
If you examine the images below, you will notice they are examples of sculpture. Which would not be considered an example of an environment sculpture?
An installations sculpture is ____________________
a form of site specific work, which is designed to affect the way a space is experienced.
Why is the sculpture above an example of an environment sculpture?
It was created using stones from the environment in which it is located in.
When the design for the Vietnam War Memorial (above) was chosen, what question was considered regarding the location and the environment of the memorial?
[NOT] Would the men who died during the Vietnam War feel honored by the memorial?
If an environment sculpture is removed from its environment, ________________
all of the above could occur.
This example of architecture displays a(n) _____________.
The exterior of an architectural structure is called the _____________.
Which of the following is not one of the three Greek orders?
An arch construction provides ______(1)______, because, the pieces that make up the arch apply force ________(2)________.
[NOT] (1) aesthetic appeal; (2) upwards towards the center
The two main architectural systems of frame construction are ________________
the shell and the skeleton
A truss is ________________
a structure made up of one or more triangular units, connected at the joints by long beams.
A _____________ is a system that uses vertical posts which are separated to support a horizontal beam.
______________ is the art of building.
With a suspension bridge, like the one in the photograph above, the weight is distributed __________________.
along cables that are anchored at each end of the bridge.
This is photograph of the Colosseum. Which of the following aspects of architecture are not a part of this construction?
Which two types of architecture are shown in this photograph taken from inside the Blue Mosque in Iran?
dome and arch structures
The round structure which is usually topped with a dome is best-known as a ____________, although it can also be referred to as a library.
A vault springs from a(n) _____________, which is supported by both a solid wall and four columns.
Look at the diagram above. What is part of the arch's anatomy is (A) labeling?
An arch carries the thrust of weight to its _____(1)______. With a _____(2)______, the horizontal part of the structure supports all the weight above it.
(1) sides; (2) post-and-lintel
When the Romans first began constructing arches like the one above, they were _________________
positioned so the Emperor could lead his men through the arch upon returning from a successful battle or war.
Which of the following is not true?
Architects are concerned only on the aesthetic appeal of architecture.
What is a groin vault?
A groin vault has two barrel vaults of the same diameter which cross or intersect one another.
The part of an arch that projects slightly from the wall and the point where the arch springs from is called the __________.
A pendentive is ____________________
a curved triangular architectural element that transfers the weight from the dome to the supporting curve.
Most examples of cave art from the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods have been found in _______________.
The Paleolithic period is ____________________
divided into three phases.
The crude tools found during the _________ phase of the Paleolithic period were not considered art and were intended for practical purposes like hunting.
Which is not true about the Upper Paleolithic period?
People made tools by chipping flint pebbles into blades and scrapers that had sharp edges.
Metalworking began _________________
with the introductions of Bronze, an alloy, or mixture of tin and copper, changed the peoples of Europe.
Which of the following is not true of the figures shown above?
[NOT] The two figures were created with bone ash that was mixed with clay, and formed and posed into simple cylinder shapes.
To create cave art during the Upper Paleolithic period, people mixed yellow and brown from ____________ with iron, to make red tones, and created black coloring from manganese or charcoal.
To create the negative hand-print (circled) above the beast, the artist ______________
chewed up charcoal and blew it over his/her hand.
Which of the following is not true of the above examples of Neolithic ceramics?
These vessels were found in Spain, and are believed to have been created by the Spanish peoples around 3000 BCE.
This early example of a prehistoric cave painting, found is France, is called ______________.
Wall Painting with Horses, Rhinoceroses, and Aurochs
What is the significance of the Stele of Hammurabi?
It is the earliest example of written law.
The picture above shows a ______________, which was first used between 3300 and 3100 BCE in order to ensure that no unauthorized person could gain access to whatever was being sealed.
In 700 BCE, this symbol in represented ___________ in cuneiform.
How was Persian coinage sophisticated?
The amount of gold in each coin was measured exactly.
This sculpture is called the Human-headed Winged Lion. It was intended to represent which of the following?
It represents the strength of the ruler it defended.
Which of the following is not true of the Fertile Crescent?
Societies of the Fertile Crescent believed in equality and communal living.
The Persians are highly regarded for their achievements in all of the following areas, except which?
Between 4000 and 3000 BCE, agricultural villages and cities began to emerge. All of the following new economic developments grew out of these prosperous cities, except which?
Look at the two sculptures above. The sculpture on the left _______(1)_______, and the sculpture on the right _______(2)_______.
(1) was a mask; (2) likely represented the ideal male appearance
Cuneiform was first developed by the Sumerians so they could have _________________
written records for trade and business.
Which of the following is not true of the sculpture above?
The sculpture was never completed, but the reason is unknown.
Which of the following is not true of the Pyramids of Giza?
Khufu is the oldest and the only one tombs have been discovered in.
The three Pyramids of Giza include all of the following, except which?
Old Kingdom sculptors _____________________
produced figures of less prominent people.
This golden mask was found in the tomb of __________________, and it provided new information to historians about Egyptian culture.
The Narmer Palette ____________________
announced the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt.
The method used by the ancient Egyptians to build the Pyramids of Giza is still a mystery to both archeologists and historians. Among historians and scholars, which of the following is not considered a possible theory?
They broke up the blocks into small pieces, which were then assembled wherever they were intended to be placed.
This decorative sculpture was placed in the tomb of Egyptian governor, Senbi to provide _____________
protection against evil spirits or beings.
A relief sculpture is __________________
a type of sculpture that contains objects embedded in a ground surface.
This relief sculpture was intended to show _________________
ordinary people in everyday life.
Above you will see the Egyptian hieroglyphic alphabet. What is the term below?
The entrance to the tomb of Rameses II is guarded by 4 massive stone figures, as shown in the picture above. Who/what are the four figures representative of?
[NOT] Ammit, Anubis, Orisis, and Rameses
When examining the Rosetta Stone, a French scholar found Ptolomy and Cleopatra's names written in Demotic, an Egyptian language, and was able to match those names to the Greek writing on the Stone. In this flash of insight, it was discovered that the same information was written in three languages, Demotic, Greek and ___________. After this discovery, the tablet was decoded over three years.
King Tutankhamun's body lay in three nesting coffins, with the innermost coffin being made of 240 pounds of ___________.
This is a drawn diagram of the Rosetta Stone. In each section, A, B, and C, a similar text was written, but in different languages. The text in section A was written in which of the following languages?
The Book of the Dead _____________
possess all of the above elements.
King Tutankhamun's tomb was found __________________
with all of the above.
__________________ was a major accomplishment of both Tutankhamun and Rameses II.
Encouraging the following of ancient religious beliefs among the Egyptian people
Ancient Egyptian _____________ used both logographic and alphabetic elements.
This is an image of the first successive stage, from the Book of the Dead. Which of the following describes this stage the most accurately?
This is an image of the first successive stage, from the Book of the Dead. Which of the following describes this stage the most accurately?
Anubis is about to lead Hunefer through his test to enter into the afterlife.
_______________ is a type of art reflected the belief that the dead could continue to enjoy their favorite activities.
Linear motifs, used during the Geometric Period of ancient Greek art, ___________________
were a stylistic method that included the use of spirals, diamonds,and cross hatching.
The Classical period is divided into three phases. The Early Classical period is marked by ________________
the defeat of the Persians in 480 BCE.
Which of the following is not true of art during the Hellenistic period?
[NOT] The sculptures were enormous during the Hellenistic period.
[NOT] Much of the art is characterized by outlined or drawn imagery.
The _______(1)_______ is located on the south side of the Erectheon. This structure was built by the Greeks during the _______(2)_______ period.
(1) Porch of the Maidens; (2) High Classical
The Achilles Painter is famous for created vases such as the one above. Which of the following is true of his vases?
[NOT] The vases were enormous and often depicted the violence and emotion of the time.
In this sculpture, what is characteristic of the Hellenistic period?
The eyes are vacant and there is a sad expression on the figure's face.
Many believe this sculpture represented to the Greeks _________________
[NOT] the emotion and anger that existed during the Hellenistic period.
[NOT] the guidance and angelic presence of the Greek gods.
This sculpture is entitled, Apollo with Battling Lapiths and Centaurs. The sculpture displays the god Apollo in the center, with his hands held out in peace and confidence over the Greeks. What was happening in Greece at the time this was sculpted?
The Greeks had faced many conflicts with the Persians who threatened their independence, however the strong armies and navies of the Greeks had triumphed over their enemies.
In this close-up of a vase, what is the circled image suppose to represent in abstract form?
Which of the following is not true of Early Byzantine art?
Artists relied on mathematical conventions to create ideal figures.
In 313, Constantine issued the Edict of Milan granting ________________________
all people in the Roman Empire freedom to worship whatever god they wished.
Which of the following is not true of Christian art after the Edict of Milan?
Sculptures rarer than paintings.
This painting entitled, The Old Testament Trinity, is an example of _______________ art.
This example of early Christian art contains Christian symbolism that was unrecognizable by pagans. What is the title of this example of art?
[NOT] The Sarcophagus of the Good Shepherd
This mosaic is an example of ___________ art .
This piece of Jewish art is entitled, __________________.
The Finding of Baby Moses
All of the following are characteristic of Jewish art, except which?
Sculptures were rare in Jewish art.
A Jewish house of prayer is called a _________________.
Which is not true of the painting above?
[NOT] This is an example of how artists liked to paint icons along side religious figures during the Middle Byzantine period.
Which of the following is not an attribute of early Islamic art?
[NOT] The avoidance of figural imagery.
This is an example of a piece of Islamic portable art. Which of the following is not true of this banner?
Images were included because they weren't the primary focus.
The main difference between Islamic art and both Egyptian and Greek art is its _____________
[NOT]interest in religion and the afterlife.
This is a page taken from the _______(1)_______. This religious document was written entirely in _______(2)_______.
(1) Qur'an; (2) calligraphy
This pen box includes all of the following attributes of Islamic art, except which?
Islamic portable arts _____________________
were highly sought items of luxury.
This picture shows the Madrasa-Mausoleum Mosque. Which of the following is true of this mosque?
[NOT] The marble columns were recycled from other structural sites.
Aniconism is __________________
the avoidance of figural imagery.
was considered a sacred and respectable form of art.
A(n) ___________________ is a wide, central section of a piece of architecture.
Ancient Indus sculptures were _____________________
contained inscriptions along the top edge that we cannot understand today.
Which of the following schools of thought for representing Buddha flourished between the first and fifth centuries, and was distinctly Greco-Roman style?
In ancient Indus sculpture, people were represented _______________.
Which of the following schools of thought for representing Buddha often focused on scenes from Buddha's life?
Which of the following works of art is from the Gupta period?
Among all school of thought concerning the representation of Buddha, which of the following is not a common trait of Buddha?
Buddha is always shown in a cross-legged position.
Which of the following is not true of the sculpture above?
[NOT] The sculpture stands 3 3/4 inches tall.
What happened to the ancient peoples of the Indus Valley?
They disappeared as though into thin air, and the cause remains unknown.
Which of the following is not true of art during the Gupta Period?
The art combined Hellenistic, Persian, and Native styles.
This sculptural representation of Buddha is an example of the _____________ school of thought.
______________ is the overall energy of a work of art.
The purpose of the terracotta soldiers was to ______________
guard the tomb of emperor Shihuangdi.
Which of the following is not true of Korean Maebyeong bottles?
Many examples were found in an artificial cave temple.
Which of the following is not true of the terracotta soldiers?
The emperor guarded by the terracotta soldiers is considered China's strongest leader throughout all of history.
Maebyeong Bottles are a part of which nation cultural past?
Which of Xie He's principles of painting is closely connected to calligraphy?
Which of the following is NOT true of this head dress from the Stilla nation?
It was intended to be worn by the emperor during court sessions.
What was discover in Shaanxi, China, in 1974?
Which of the following independent nations of the Three Kingdoms period is known as Unified Stilla, or _________________.
In ancient China, which occupation was honored and believed to be a spiritual experience?
Which of the following is not true of women's hand?
It was a style only used by women.
Which of the following is not true of Japanese pottery during the Jomon period?
Pieces of Jomon pottery held magic powers of good fortune.
Polytheistic is ________________________
a belief in, or worship of, many gods.
This piece is an example of Japanese calligraphy. Besides humor and sadness, the main theme of this poem is __________.
Men's hand _________________________
satirized different levels of society
This is an example of ___________.
The four main islands of Japan are __________________________.
Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu
Which of the following is an example of the Japanese style, women's hand?
[NOT] B) http://media.education2020.com/evresources/1086-07-03-03-00_files/i0260001.jpg
A(n) _____________ is a representation of a person, especially in the sculpture form.
The title of this piece of Esoteric Buddhist art is ____________________.
Mandalas of the Womb World
This example of Southwestern rock art shows an image of ________________.
a hunting excursion
Which of the following is not true of Mesoamerican civilizations?
The Mesoamericans are attributed with creating a technique that used the painters fingers and yucca fiber brushes to apply reddish pigment made from iron oxide.
The Olmec produced an abundance of ______________. The blocks of material were quarried, then transported from distant sites.
[NOT] rock art paintings
Which of the following is not true of the North American Southwest?
The Natives of the North American Southwest produced an abundance of basalt sculpture.
In what state were the colossal head sculptures found in Mesoamerica?
They were discovered vandalized and in disrepair.
Which of the following is not an example of Mesoamerican art?
Amongst the Mayan peoples, painters were a part of the ____________.
[NOT] working class
This piece is entitled _______(1)_______. It is attributed to the _______(2)_______.
(1) Hunter's Mural; (2) Freemont people
The Mesoamerican colossal head monuments were are believed to depict ______________.
What is a codex-style of painting?
A style of painting in which a white slip, painted in light brown washes is applied, and then the images are outlined in dark brown or black.
All of the following are examples of royal regalia, except:
[NOT] C) http://media.education2020.com/evresources/1086-07-03-05-00_files/i0260002.jpg
What was found at Igbo Ukwu?
evidence for copper alloy or bronze casting in Sub Saharan Africa.
Which site is believed to have been the site of an ancient elite burial and shrine?
In 1491, King Nzinga converted the Kongo Kingdom to Christianity. Which of the following was not true in the Kongo Kingdom after 1491?
[NOT] Trade between the Kongo and neighboring nations was solidified.
_____________ is an ancient African location that archeologists believe was first settled in 200BC. At this location, archeologists have found examples of small figures and Islamic architecture.
What is royal regalia?
Jewels, scepters, and other artifacts of the reigning royal family.
The discovery of the Blombos cave suggests _________________
[NOT] copper alloy or bronze casting were first used in Sub Saharan Africa.
In Jenne art, figures were _________________
all of the above.
In the Kongo Kingdom, textiles were ____________________
used in funerary rituals and as a form of currency.
This piece of art entitled, Horseman, is an example of ________________.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Art Appreciation Cumulative Review
Environmental Science Cumulative Exam 1
Art History Cumulative Exam review
Art History 1
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