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process in which a single cell or set of cells produces offspring that inherit all their genetic material from one parent
process in which genetic material from two parents combines and produces offspring that differ genetically from either parent
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long, thin fibers, making up the genetic material in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell
sequence of events from the production of a eukaryotic cell to the time the cell itself reproduces
stage of the cell cycle during which a cell carries out its metabolic processes and performs its functions in the body
process by which the nucleus and duplicated chromosomes of a cell divide and are evenly distributed, forming two daughter nuclei
process by which the cytoplasm of a cell is divided in two; usually follows mitosis and meiosis
region of cytoplasmic material that in animal cells contains structures called centrioles
disk containing cell wall material that develops in plant cells during cytokinesis, eventually dividing the cell into two daughter cells
type of cell division that produces four cells, each with half as many chromosomes as the parent cell
one of two chromosomes of the 23rd pair of human chromosomes, which determine an individual's gender
egg or sperm sex cell that contains a single set of chromosomes, one from each homologous pair
the fusion of the nucleus of a haploid sperm cell and the nucleus of a haploid egg cell, forming a diploid zygote
diploid cell formed when the nucleus of a haploid sperm cell fuses with the nucleus of a haploid egg cell
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