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some states had their own armies

IN the Articles of Confederation

strong court system

NOT in the Articles of Confederation

unanimous vote needed to pass a law

NOT in the Articles of Confederation

each state granted 2 votes

NOT in the Articles of Confederation

Baron de Montesquieu

believed that political liberty could best be preserved if the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government had equal power, AND proposed the separation of powers that became an important element in the constitution

Shays' Rebellion

an uprising of mostly small farmers protesting debt and taxes

Second Continental Congress

served as the central government during the Revolutionary War

Articles of Confederation

the first national government of the United States

Northwest Ordinance of 1787

No more than five states could be formed from this territory

strong executive branch

IN the Articles of Confederation

each state one vote regardless of population

IN the Articles of Confederation


the central government is NOT the center of power


the major inadequacy of the Articles of Confederation in creating a true nation-state


the year the Revolutionary War ended

Declaration of Independence

document adopted on July 4, 1776

the people

one of the main problems with the Articles of Confederation was that there was no direct contact between this and the central government

trade and money

In 1785, Maryland and Virginia called a meeting to try to resolve what problems under the Articles of Confederation

Constitutional Convention

a meeting with the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation


group that believed that a new national government needed to be created because of the failures of the Articles of Confederation

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