MED TERMS PRE-TEST
Terms in this set (80)
Most medical word roots are based in which language?
What is the most common combining vowel?
What is usually indicated by a suffix?
What is usually indicated by a prefix?
Which prefix means without?
Which suffix means vomiting?
Which is an example of a compound word?
Which is a surgical suffix?
Which is an adjective suffix?
Which word contains an example of a diminutive suffix?
Which prefix means above?
Which prefix refers to the number one?
Which word indicates moving a limb away from the body?
Which word means slow heart rate?
Which is a prefix of direction?
What is the name of the molecule that holds genetic information capable of replicating and producing an exact copy whenever the cell divides?
B. Deoxyribonucleic acid
What is the most complex level of body organization?
What tissue covers organisms and lines canals?
A. Epithelial tissue
B. Connective tissue
C. Muscle tissue
D. Nervous tissue
The heart is located in which body cavity?
What prefix indicates the color yellow?
What is the outermost layer of skin called?
What is the word root that means fat?
What is the prefix that means same?
A burn that damages only the outermost layer of the skin is
A. first-degree burn.
B. second-degree burn.
C. third-degree burn.
D. fourth-degree burn
What is the medical term for complete or partial baldness?
What is the name of the uppermost segment of the small intestine?
Which organ secretes insulin?
What word root means tongue?
What is the suffix for abnormally large?
What is the term for the excision of a polyp?
What is the medical term for the voice box?
Which section of the pharynx is posterior to the nose?
What is the word root for nose?
The suffix -capnia refers to:
B. carbon dioxide.
What is the most common screening test for tuberculosis?
B. Mantoux test
What is the term that refers to the thickness or how resistant a liquid is to flowing?
Which is not one of the three major types of vessels in the body?
Which chamber of the heart pumps oxygenated blood to the entire body?
A. Right ventricle
B. Left ventricle
C. Right atrium
D. Left atrium
What is the word root for vessel?
Which term refers to elevated blood pressure?
What is the term for a protective protein produced by B lymphocytes in response to the presence of a foreign substance?
D. Dendritic cell
What is another name for a red blood cell?
Which type of white blood cell provides acquired (specific) immunity?
What is the meaning of the word root agglutin?
Which type of medication helps destroy bacteria, fungi, and protozoa?
What is the definition of articulation?
A. Place of union between two or more bones
B. Any body part attached to a main structure
C. Lattice-like arrangement of bony plates occurring at the ends of long bones
D. Production and development of blood cells
place of union between two or more bones
What does the word pronation mean?
A. Increase the angle of a joint.
B. Decrease the angle of a joint.
C. Turn the palm up.
D. Turn the palm down.
turn the palm down
A vertebra is an example of which type of bone?
A. Flat bone
B. Long bone
C. Irregular bone
D. Short bone
What is the word root for bone marrow?
What is the suffix that means softening?
What hormone is secreted by the kidneys?
Where does urine enter the bladder?
A. Renal pelvis
B. Renal artery
C. Ureteral orifice
D. Renal cortex
What is the word root that refers to the bladder?
Which words means too much urine?
Which procedure involves the insertion of a thin narrow tube into the ureter?
C. Ureteral stent placement
ureteral stent placement
Which is part of the internal female reproductive system?
A. Fallopian tubes
C. Mons pubis
D. Bartholin glands
What is the word root for vagina?
What is the suffix for pregnancy?
What word is used to describe a woman who has been pregnant more than once?
Down syndrome is a condition caused by an extra copy of which chromosome?
Which structure stores sperm after they leave the seminiferous tubules?
A. Seminal vesicle
C. Vas deferens
What is the word root for male?
Which sexually transmitted disease is caused by the organism Treponema pallidum?
D. Genital herpes
What is the definition of hypospadias?
A. Repeated inability to initiate or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse
B. Congenital abnormality in which the opening of the male urethra is on the undersurface of the penis instead of at its tip
C. Stenosis or narrowing of the foreskin so that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis
D. Painful swelling of one or both testes, commonly associated with mumps that is contracted after puberty
Congenital abnormality in which the opening of the male urethra is on the undersurface of the penis instead of at its tip
Which drugs help to increase testosterone production?
B. Alpha-1 blockers
What is the primary function of the endocrine system?
A. Produces insulin
B. Produces hormones
C. Helps to digest food
D. Produces blood cells
What is the definition of electrolyte?
A. Simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
B. Agent that mimics the effects of the sympathetic nervous system
C. Mineral salt that carries an electrical charge in solution
D. Hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates the liver to change stored glycogen to glucose
mineral salt that carries an electrical charge in solution
Hypersecretion of which hormone causes acromegaly?
A. Luteinizing hormone
B. Follicle-stimulating hormone
D. Growth hormone
Which is not a type of hormone excreted by the adrenal glands?
D. Sex hormones
What is the prefix for normal?
What is the largest, uppermost part of the brain?
Which part of the brain regulates involuntary activities such as body temperature?
D. Cerebral cortex
What is the word root for brain?
What is the suffix for pain?
What is ataxia?
A. Increased level of sensation or feeling
B. Sudden and violent contraction of one or more voluntary muscles
C. Abnormal inactivity or lack of nervous system response to normal stimuli
D. Poor muscle coordination especially when voluntary movements are attempted
poor muscle coordination especially when voluntary movements are attempted
Which is not one of the tunics, or layers, of the eye?
What is the word root for eyelid?
What is the suffix for hearing?
What is the term for an incision in the eardrum?
Which eye disease has a primary symptom of opacity over the lenses?
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