The complex structure and principles of organization employed by all large-scale institutions to coordinate the work of their personnel. The federal bureaucracy is part of the executive branch and consists of all federal departments and agencies. As chief executive, the president is the leader of the federal bureaucracy.
The efforts of departments and agencies to translate laws into specific rules and actions.
The official record of the federal government's rules and policies.
Civil Service Act of 1883
Legislation requiring that appointees to public office be qualified for the job to which they were appointed. The aim was to replace the "spoils system" with a merit system.
The largest subunit of the executive branch, of which there are 15 total. The "big four" are State, Defense, Treasury, and Justice.
Agency that is not part of a Cabinet. Includes executive and regulatory agencies.
Executive agencies are like "little departments" in that they perform some service and to some extent take orders from the chief executive. Ex: NASA, CIA, EPA.
Some executive agencies, like the EPA, FDA, and OSHA, are also "regulatory" agencies because their primary mission is to impose limits, restrictions, or obligations on the private sector.
Government agency that performs a market-oriented public service and raises revenue to fund its activities. Ex: Amtrak passenger train service.
Mutually beneficial arrangement between an interest group, executive agency, and congressional committee in which the interest group lobbies for special treatment and receives it, often through financial means.
A formerly public service that is now provided by a private company but paid for by the government.
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