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AP Music Theory Review Chp 9
Rules for harmonic progressions and harmonizing a melody
any other chord
I/i leads to...
ii/ii^o leads to...
I, ii, V, vii^o
IV/iv leads to...
V/v leads to...
ii, IV, V
vi/VI leads to...
vii^o/VII leads to...
movement of chords where the ROOT (not necessarily bass) of each chord is a diatonic fifth below the previous one
first inversion resolving to I or I6
most common use of the vii^o triad
progression by thirds
movement of chords where root of each chord is either up or down by a third from the previous one
most common major chain of thirds progression (T-T-PD-PD-D)
progression by seconds
movement of chords where root of each chord is either up or down to the next note in the scale (ex I IV V I in major)
The more a chord is inverted, the ____ its function, or the more it functions like another chord b/c the root is ambiguous.
The interval of a 4th against the bass is considered a ___ interval.
place on a weak beat, resolve to a consonant interval
Pay attention to 4th's against the bass: need to (1) ___ (2) _______ with passing, pedal, or arpeggiated function.
prolong tonic function
IV(64) chord is often used at the beginning of a phrase to ___ in a pedal (64) chord because Do is in the bass
only kind of 64 chord found on a strong beat, commonly I(64) prolonging dominant function and resolving to V (I(64)-V7-I)
IV, ii^6, ii(65)
Don't follow V with ___.
I (because tonic chord is more stable than IV)
Don't follow vi with ___.
IV (because not equal in tension)
Don't follow ii with ___.
rate at which harmony changes