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23 terms

civil rights: equal protection under the law

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affirmative action
programs for minorities supported by government as a means of providing equality under the law
americans with disabilities act
act that required employers, schools, and public buildings to reasonably accommodate the physical needs of handicapped individuals by providing such things as ramps and elevators with appropriate facilities
brandeis brief
a friend of the court opinion offered of the presidency to promote a particular program and/or to influence Congress to accept legislative proposals
civil rights
the application of equal protection under the law to individuals
de facto segregation
segregation of schools and other public facilities through circumstance with no law supporting it
de jure segregation
segregation by law, made illegal by Brown v Board of Education
declaration of sentiments and resolutions
drafted at the Seneca Falls Cenvention and taken from the History of Woman Suffrade, Vol 1 by E.C. Stanton, S.B. Anthony, and M.J. Gage, the document outlines the case for the right to vote for women, as well as other rights denied to women at that time
equal protection under the law
phrase found in the 14th amendment of the constitution that furthers the legal concept of civil rights. originally intended to protect freed former slaces, the clause was later expanded by court interpretation to protect other minority groups
immigration act of 1991
act that shifted the quota of immigrants to Europe and aimed to attract immigrants who were trained workers
jim crow laws
legislation that legalized segregation even after the adoption of the 14th amendment
nationalization of the bill of rights
a judicial doctrine of the 14th amendment that applied the bill of rights to the states in matters such as segregation
plessy v ferguson
case that rules that states had the right to impose "seperate but equal" facilities on its citizens as well as create other laws that segregated the races
separate but equal
the judicial prededent established in the Plessy v Ferguson decision that enabled states to interprete the equal protection provision of the 14th amendment as a means of establishing segregation
suffrage
the right to vote guaranteed to African-Americans in the 14th amendment and women in the 19th amendment
gitlow v new york
freedom of speech
near v minnesota
freedom of the press
powell v alabama
access to a lawyer in captial cases
de jonge v oregon
freedom of assembly
cantwell v connecticut
freedom of religion
wolf v colorado
unreasonable search and seizure
richmond v corson
established 5 procedures for evaluatinng the legitimacy of affirmative action programs
grantz v bollinger
school admission was unconstitutional b/c relied too much on a quota system
grutter v bollinger
school admission was constitutional b/c it relied on a broad-based policy of using race as a basis for admission