Theory of attachment; infants ; strange situation test/model. secure/insecure
conformity experiment; required subjects to match lines
social learning theory; learned aggression; Bobo doll experiment; social cognition
I. Q. tests; with Simon, Paris
studied identical twins separated at birth; Thomas
linguist; innate propensity to develop language; "deep structure"
memory; nonsense syllables; forgetting curve and overlearning
neo-freudian; stage theory of psychological development
austrian; founded psychoanalysis; unconscious independent of conscious; sex-drive; oedipus complex
conditioned taste aversion; rats
feminist critique of Kolhberg's moral development theory; women's moral sense guided by relationships
attachment in monkeys with artificial mothers
empiricist; founder of functionalism; use of perception; pragmatist; first psych text - The Principles of Psychology; "stream of consciousness"
longitudinal studies on temperament (infancy to adolescence), theory children either inhibited or uninhibited, rejects attachment theory
semi-starvation experiments; psych effects of hunger
moral stages of development theory; children
memory construction and the misinformation effect; created doubts about accuracy of eye-witness testimony
humanistic psychologist; "Hierarchy of Needs" ; "self-actualization"
"shocking" (Ha!) experiments on obedience
classical conditioning; famous experiments with dogs
theory of cognitive development in children; stage theory of intelligence; development stages
humanistic psychologist; founded person-centered therapy, unique quality of humans esp. freedom and potential for personal growth, unconditional positive regard, fully functioning person
field of emotion; 2 factor theory-physiological happens first, cognitive appraisal made in order to experience emotion
behaviorist; pioneer operant conditioning; learned response- determined by past history of rewards and punishments. skinner box -used to study reinforcement on pidgeons and rats; animal=human behavior
pioneer operant conditioning; concepts in intstrumental learning such as law of effect; cats in puzzle boxes; IQ tests
developed behaviorist thought (with Skinner); "Little Albert" experiments on fear conditioning
Benjamin Lee Whorf
famous for describing concept of "liguistic determinism"
father of psychology, opened first psychology research lab in Leipzig; research on workings of senses; applied scientific method to psychology
social psychology; proved behavior depends on roles asked to play; Stanford Prison Study-power of social roles to influence behavior, Built on Milgram
recurring response to stress; general adaptation syndrome
neo-Freudian, psychodynamic; criticized Freud, personality molded by current fears and impulses, social and cultural influences rather than childhood experiences and instincts; concept of "basic anxiety"
neo-Freudian, adopted ego/superego from Freud, disagreed on unconscious, proposed a collective unconscious; self realization; personality types
field of learning; Positive Psychology, Dogs demonstrating learned helplessness
founder of Gestalt therapy
psychoanalyst, Neo-Freudian; "inferiority complex" and superiority" as unconscious drives; birth order
Developed "rational emotive behavior therapy" (REBT)
pioneer in Cognitive Therapy. Suggested negative beliefs cause depression.
trait theory of personality; 3 levels of traits: cardinal, central, and secondary
survival of a horrible industrial accident taught us the role of the frontal lobes
Critic of trait theory., Social-Cognitive Learning Theories; people's personality traits not consistent across all situations.
wrote "On Death and Dying"; developed 5 stage theory of grief
Founded ethyology; studied instinctive behavior in animals, greylag geese and jackdaws; principle of imprinting
1225-75, St. Thomas; "5 ways", proofs for God
St. Ansehm of Cantebury
ontological argument for the existence of God
Platos student; criticized theory of forms; developed systematized logic
anthropologist; patterns of culture
Augustine of Hippo
neo-platonist; 4-5 century
idealist, mental representations/impressions fundamental
father of modern anthropology; scientific method
rationalist; mind-body distinct; "I think therefore I am"; Cartesian Dualism
Separation of mind and matter, allowed something to be investigated independently by reason
anatomist/physiologist; study of nervous system, brain;founded phrenology