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austrian; founded psychoanalysis; unconscious independent of conscious; sex-drive; oedipus complex
feminist critique of Kolhberg's moral development theory; women's moral sense guided by relationships
empiricist; founder of functionalism; use of perception; pragmatist; first psych text - The Principles of Psychology; "stream of consciousness"
longitudinal studies on temperament (infancy to adolescence), theory children either inhibited or uninhibited, rejects attachment theory
memory construction and the misinformation effect; created doubts about accuracy of eye-witness testimony
theory of cognitive development in children; stage theory of intelligence; development stages
humanistic psychologist; founded person-centered therapy, unique quality of humans esp. freedom and potential for personal growth, unconditional positive regard, fully functioning person
field of emotion; 2 factor theory-physiological happens first, cognitive appraisal made in order to experience emotion
behaviorist; pioneer operant conditioning; learned response- determined by past history of rewards and punishments. skinner box -used to study reinforcement on pidgeons and rats; animal=human behavior
pioneer operant conditioning; concepts in intstrumental learning such as law of effect; cats in puzzle boxes; IQ tests
developed behaviorist thought (with Skinner); "Little Albert" experiments on fear conditioning
father of psychology, opened first psychology research lab in Leipzig; research on workings of senses; applied scientific method to psychology
social psychology; proved behavior depends on roles asked to play; Stanford Prison Study-power of social roles to influence behavior, Built on Milgram
neo-Freudian, psychodynamic; criticized Freud, personality molded by current fears and impulses, social and cultural influences rather than childhood experiences and instincts; concept of "basic anxiety"
neo-Freudian, adopted ego/superego from Freud, disagreed on unconscious, proposed a collective unconscious; self realization; personality types
psychoanalyst, Neo-Freudian; "inferiority complex" and superiority" as unconscious drives; birth order
Critic of trait theory., Social-Cognitive Learning Theories; people's personality traits not consistent across all situations.
Founded ethyology; studied instinctive behavior in animals, greylag geese and jackdaws; principle of imprinting
Separation of mind and matter, allowed something to be investigated independently by reason
idealist; teleology; theory of dialectic; synthesis of thesis and antithesis; teleological orientation (after Berkley)
idealist; categorical imperative; moral universalism; syllogism; 3 maxims "critique of reason"; free will; deductive reasoning- a priori; deontological ethics
empiricist; tabula rosa; important to age of enlightenment; Declaration of Independence; attacked Divine right of kings
conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflex
theory of forms; things are shadows of objects of knowledge which are universal; his writings- basis of western philosophy
A group of philosophers in Vienna during the early part of the twentieth century. They took the position that all that could not be verified was nonsense.
ethical theory concerned with outcome, whether an action produces greater good in the world
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