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24 terms

Government - Chapter 5 - The Organization of Congress

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bicameral legislature
made of up 2 houses
sessions
meetings of Congress
census
population count
reapportionment
determining the new number of representatives to which each state is entitled
redistricting
setting up new district lines after reapportionment is complete
gerrymandering
political party controlling state government draws district boundaries to gain an advantage
at-large
statewide
censure
vote of formal disapproval of a member's actions
incumbents
members already in office
constituents
the people in the districts represented by a Congress member.
caucus
closed meeting
majority leader
Speaker of the House's top assistant
whips
assistant floor leaders in the House
calendars
list bills that are up for consideration
quorum
minimum number of members who must be present to permit a legislative body to take official action
president pro tempore
for the time being, president in the absence of the vice president
filibuster
keep talking until a majority of the Senate either abandons the bill or agrees to modify its most controversial provisions
standing committees
continue from one Congress to the next
subcommittees
specializes in a subcategory of its standing committee's responsibility
joint committees
made up of members from both the House and the Senate, may be permanent or temporary
conference committee
temporary committee set up when the House and Senate have passed different versions of the same bill.
seniority system
gave the member of the majority party with the longest uninterrupted service on a particular committee the leadership of that committee
select committees
study one specific issue and report their findings to the Senate or the House
cloture
a procedure that allows each senator to speak only 1 hour on a bill under debate