AP Psychology Disorders
Terms in this set (51)
a rare somatoform disorder in which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found
Dissociative Identity Disorder
a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Also called multiple personality disorder.
anxiety disorder characterized by intense, paralyzing fear of something
Antisocial Personality Disorder
a personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members; may be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist
an irresistible impulse to steal in the absence of any economic motive
a disorder that involves an irrational fear of being publicly humiliated or embarrassed
a form of depression that is not severe enough to be diagnosed as major depression
a mild bipolar disorder that persists over a long time
a psychotic disorder characterized by two or more of the following: delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, disorganized or catatonic behavior, and negative symptoms
Type of schizophrenia featuring disrupted speech and behavior, disjointed delusions and hallucinations, and silly or flat affect.
a dissociative disorder marked by a sudden loss of memory
Body Dismorphic Disorder
Preoccupation with imagined or exaggerated defects in physical appearance
Avoidant Personality Disorder
personality disorder in which the person's fears of rejection by others leads to social isolation
Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder
a personality disorder characterized by preoccupation with orderliness, perfection, and control
people who think that everyone close to them has been replaced with a body double
disorders in which there is a break in conscious awareness, memory, the sense of identity, or some combination
a dissociative disorder involving sudden loss of memory and the assumption of a new identity in a new location
Enduring maladaptive patterns for relating to the environment and self, exhibited in a range of contexts that cause significant functional impairment or subjective distress.
Munchausen by Proxy
A factitious disorder in which caregivers make up or produce illnesses in their children for attention. Also known as factitious disorder by proxy.
a psychosis in which the patient believes his/her body is occupied by parasites(often insects/mites)
Borderline Personality Disorder
a personality disorder characterized by lack of stability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotion; impulsivity; angry outbursts; intense fear of abandonment; recurring suicidal gestures
fear of being in a place or situation from which escape is difficult or embarrassing, or in which help is unavailable in the event of a panic attack
A type of anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occur suddenly and unexpectedly.
psychological disorders of thought and perception, characterized by inability to distinguish between real and imagined perceptions.
A childhood disorder at the high-functioning end of the autistic spectrum; characterized by impaired social interest and skills and restricted interests
Major Depressive Disorder
A disorder characterized by a severely depressed mood that lasts 2 weeks or more and is accompanied by feelings of worthlessness and lack of pleasure, lethargy, and sleep and appetite disturbances
Impulse Control Disorders
Inability to resist an impulse to perform some act that is harmful to the individual or others; includes kleptomania, pyromania, explosive disorder, and pathological gambling.
Intermittent Explosive Disorder
Aggressive and unprovoked outbursts in which a person assaults others or destroys property
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
personality disorder in which the person has an exaggerated sense of self-importance and needs constant admiration
Histronic Personality Disorder
a personality disorder characterized by self-dramatization, exaggerated expression of emotions, and attention-seeking behaviors
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
a psychological problem characterized by persistent and pervasive feelings of anxiety, without any external cause.
a somatoform disorder characterized by recurrent vague somatic complaints without a physical cause
Schizotypal Personality Disorder
a personality disorder characterized by detachment from, and great discomfort in, social relationships; and many odd perceptions, thoughts, beliefs, and behaviors
a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy (depressive) of depression and the overexcited state of mania
disorders characterized by physical symptoms for which no known physical cause exists
Dependent Personality Disorder
anxious-fearful personality disorder characterized by fear of being rejected and having a strong need to be cared for.
Subtype of schizophrenia characterized by the general symptoms of delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized speech
Subtype of schizophrenia characterized by 2of the following: immobility (or excessive, purposeless movement), extreme negativism, and/or parrotlike repeating of another's speech or movements
an uncontrollable desire to set fire to things
A type of schizophrenia that is dominated by delusions of persecution along with delusions of grandeur
any of several disorders characterized by inadequate social skills, impaired communication, and unusual play
psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A condition mainly in children demonstrated by hyperactivity, and inability to concentrate, and impulsive behavior.
disorder characterized by the repeated pulling out of one's own hair
a dissociative disorder which causes a person to suddenly feel changed or different in a strange way.
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions).
Paranoid Personality Disorder
chronic and pervasive mistrust and suspicion of other people that are unwarranted and maladaptive
Schizoid Personality Disorder
a type of personality disorder characterized by social aloofness and limited range of emotional expression
A class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety.
disorders diagnosed in infancy, at birth, in childhood and are Axis II disorders
an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images