36 terms

Composition and Rhetoric: Longman Reader Chapter 2 - Test 1

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Terms in this set (...)

Stages of Writing Process
Prewrite, identify thesis, support thesis, organize evidence, write first draft, revise essay, edit and proofread
Prewrite
Strategies used to generate ideas before starting the first draft
Approach Prewriting
Understand boundaries, determine purpose, audience, and tone, discover limited subject, organize raw material
Assignment Boundaries
Number and kind of sources, primary and/or secondary sources, note-taking procedure, required documentation style, what kind of visuals to use, essay length
Purpose
Inform or explain, convince or persuade, analyze or evaluate, or entertain
Audience
Identify who readers are
Tone
Emotional states (enthusiasm, anger, resignation, etc)
Sentence Structure
The way sentences are shaped
Denotations
Dictionary meanings
Connotations
Emotional associations that go beyond the literal meaning
Question Subject
Who, what, where, when, why, and how
Brainstorming
Brief words, phrases, and abbreviations
Freewriting
Jotting down in rough sentences or phrases
Mapping
Diagramming or clustering
Patterns of Development
Division-classification, Process analysis, Comparison-contrast
Conducting Research
Skim articles and take brief notes
Scratch Outline/List
Imposing order on tentative ideas generated during prewriting
Thesis Statement
Presents limited subject and gives your point of view or attitude
Evidence
Different kinds of support (examples, reasons, facts, etc)
Concrete Evidence
Provide reader with sharp word images
Adequate Evidence
Use facts, examples, personal observations, etc
Chronological Approach
Supporting material is arranged in a clear time sequence
Spatial Approach
Discuss details as they occur in space
Emphatic Approach
Most compelling evidence is saved for last
Simple-to-Complex Approach
Proceed from simple concepts to complex ones
Outline
Skeletal version of a paper
First Draft
Provisional version of essay
Writing the First Draft
Write supporting paragraphs, connect ideas, write intro, write conclusion, write title
Topic Sentence
Mini-thesis for supporting thesis
Transitions
Words or phrases that ease readers from one idea to another
Bridging Sentences
Used to move readers from one paragraph to the next
Synonyms
Words similar in meaning
Pronouns
he, she, it, they, etc
Introduction
Arouses readers interest, introduces subject, presents thesis
Conclusion
Give the reader a feeling of completeness and finality
Title
Derived from essay's subject or thesis