Chapter 31 Cosmetic Dentistry and teeth whitening
Terms in this set (60)
is the largest dental organization dedicated to the art and science of cosmetic dentistry.
Veneers used is cosmetic dentistry are a part of which of the following specialties?
Implants used in cosmetic dentistry are a part of which of the following specialties?
Oral and maxillofacial surgery
Tooth color has three dimensions blank is/ are the terms for the color.
is the intensity or quality of the tooth color.
is the brightness of a tooth shade.
areas in the light appear to come forward while areas in the dark recede.
The need to understand a patients feelings concerning his or her appearance includes knowledge of the patients
The extraoral view includes
full face and profile
Oral photography is a new skill in cosmetic dentistry. Oral photographs are used in.....
1. patient records
2. insurance claims documentation
3. laboratory communications
Intraoral photo techniques involve using retraction means and mirrors. However, retractors are not used for the ......blank..... view, thereby making it more relaxed and casual.
natural smile line
The oral photo shows the patients centric occlusion.
All of the following are indications for soft tissue contouring treatments...
1. incomplete passive eruption of one or more teeth.
2. hypertrophied papilla
3. hypertrophied gingival tissue from drug therapy.
Superoxol solution, which is .....blank....... % hydrogen peroxide is placed as a whitening agent in the unfilled pulp chamber of a nonvital tooth,
30 to 35
whitening is used to lighten an endodontically treated tooth.
Power whitening is accomplished on
All of the following are commonly used whitening agents
1. sodium perborate
2. hydrogen peroxide
3. carbide peroxide
Which of the following can be side effects of OTC whitening materials?
1. Temporary tooth sensitivity
2. temporary gingival sensitivity
3. irreversible tooth damage
All of the following are OTC whitening products
2. chewing gum
Whitening agents used in toothpaste include
1. hyrdogen peroxide
2. calcium peroxide.
3. sodium percarbonate
Creating the "perfect smile" is the focus of
cosmetic/ aesthetic dentistry
The prelimainary evaluation to determine the elements of the " perfect smile" include
1. color of the teeth compared to the adjacent teeth.
2. shape of the teeth compared to the adjacent teeth.
3. positioned of the teeth compared to the adjacent teeth.
Gingival tissue enlargement may make the teeth appear shorter than normal. What procedure could be performed to improve the appearance of a patient with this condition?
What type of restoration would be used in an area of heavy occlusal stress?
Whitening products that can be purchased over the counter
Whitening procedure begins in office
Liquids/ gels with applications of heat or curing light
Thick paste, placed in coronal portion of nonvital tooth.
name of color
Intensity or quality of the hue
Brightness of shade
Medications, dental treatments, injuries
Diet and habits
non-vital bleaching, vital bleaching in office, home whitening.
Transitional line angles
surround the tooth and mark the boundaries of the face.Shaping the face of one tooth or several teeth to match each other will give the illusion that they are the same size and shape.
Procedures in cosmetic dentistry
1. diagnosis and treatment planning
2. Legal forms and documentation
Uses of oral Photography
1. case presentation
3. laboratory communications
5. quality control
6. marketing and education
Teeth dehydrate when they are isolated for a period of time and may appear whiter
Home bleaching is very popular with patients because of the lower cost
The bleaching process will NOT make all teeth their whitest and brightest
Tooth sensitivity is sometimes treated with sodium fluoride treatments
A patient whose anterior teeth appear to be shorter than normal may consider a procedure called crown lengthening.
Assisted bleaching is an alternative technique for which the dental office provides the start up.
Which of the following will assist the outcome possibilities of bleaching procedure?
1. dedicated to following procedures
2. Limiting foods that stain teeth
3. Limiting habits that stain teeth
Tray home whitening systems can be sold OTC, which of the following are disadvantages of tray systems sold OTC?
Do not adapt to teeth properly and not trimmed to prevent tissue sensitivity
Whitening strips are an alternative OTC product for whitening. To achieve the desired results, the strips are to be worn for 30 minutes a day.
Gel bleaching is placed in the crown opening of the tooth of a nonvital tooth.
Walking bleaching in a nonvital tooth is a thick mixture of bleaching agent placed in the crown of the tooth, covered with temporary cement, and reappointed in 2 to 5 days.
"Power bleaching" is done on the teeth in the dental office by the dentist
Home bleaching usually involves waiting weeks for results to show.
Can be either a 6 percent hydrogen peroxide to be worn for 14 days or a 10 percent solution worn over 7 days.
applied at home, painted on facial surface of the anterior teeth; some gels contain 18 percent carbamide peroxide and can used daily
Agents contributing to the whitening effect are hydrogen peroxide, calcium peroxide, and sodium percarbonate.
mixed with hydrogen peroxide, it is a weaker oxidizing agent
liquid or gel varies in strength 5 to 35 percent
Used in 10 to 20 percent solution
Direct composite resin
tooth preparation, liners, bonding agents are placed, and then the composite resin.
indirect composite resin
involves tooth preparation and a final impression
under heavy occlusal stress and for multiple unit fixed prosthese
can be made as full crowns / coverage or partial veneers/ coverage