15 terms

Three Branches of Government

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Terms in this set (...)

Senate
100 elected senators with 2 senators per state; legislative branch
House of Representatives
435 elected representatives, per state number based on state's population; legislative branch
Congress
Legislative body composed of the Senate and House of Representatives
President
Leads the country as head of state, leader of the federal government and Commander in Chief of the US Armed Forces; executive branch
Independent Government Agencies
While constitutionally part of the executive branch, these agencies are independent of presidential control
Cabinet
Advisors nominated by the president and approved by the Senate; executive branch
Supreme Court
9 justices nominated by the president and approved by the Senate; the highest court of the judicial branch
Court of Appeals
13 appellate courts that decide if the law was applied correctly in trial courts, with 3 judges; judicial branch
District Courts
94 general trial courts with judge and jury; judicial branch
The U.S. Capitol
Where congress meets
Legislative
Makes laws
The White House
Official residence and workplace of the president
Executive
Carries out laws
Judicial
Evaluates laws
Constitution
The supreme law of the U.S.; provides separation of powers