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19 terms

Latin America - Chapter 2

STUDY
PLAY
maize
corn
hieroglyphics
a kind of writing, using signs and symbols
aqueduct
a pipe or channel designed to carry water from a distance source
quipu
knotted strings used by the Incas to keep records
treaty
an agreement in writing between two or more countries
Line of Demarcation
imaginary line from the North Pole to the South Pole at about 50 longitude
conquistador
conqueror
Mestizo
people of Spanish and Native American descent
hacienda
plantation owned by Spaniards or the Catholic Church
encomienda
rights to demand taxes of labor from Native Americans
revolution
political movement in which people overthrow the government and set up another
Criollo
a person of Spanish parents born in Latin America
caudillor
military officers who ruled very strictly
invest
to spend money to earn money
economy
the ways in which goods and services are produced and made available to people
campesino
poor farmers
rural
countryside
urban
city
Treaty of Tordesillas
a treaty between Spain and Portugal that gave Spain the right to settle and trade west of the line and Portugal east of the line