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Painless American Government Ch. 2
Terms in this set (18)
The concept that citizens should govern themselves, not be governed by some outside power.
Second Continental Congress
The group who assumed the responsibility to act as the national government for the colonists.
Articles of Confederation
The first national governing code of the United States; it was drafted in 1777, ratified in 1781, and replaced by the present Constitution.
They preferred a weak central government and strong state governments.
They preferred a strong central government.
Constitution of the United States
A document setting out the laws that are the framework for our nation.
Checks and Balances
The ways each branch of government limits the power of the other branches.
Separation of Powers
The governing power is divided, or separated, among the branches.
The lawmaking part of the government, which includes the Congress.
The law-enforcing part of the government, which includes the president and vice president.
The law-interpreting part of the government, which includes the Supreme Court and other federal courts.
Full Faith and Credit Clause
The beginning of Article IV, which says that each state shall respect the laws of the other states.
Article VI, which establishes the Constitution and the laws of the United States are the "Supreme Law of the Land."
Federalism (Dual Sovereignty)
Refers to a type of government in which the power is divided between the national government and other governmental units, such as state governments.
The central government for the state.
A county, municipal, or township government.
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