113 terms

Computer Engineering II 202

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Terms in this set (...)

Activation
The process of verifying that your copy of Windows is genuine and that it is not in use on other computers than the number for which you own a license
Fat 32
Earlier file system limited to a maximum size of 32 gigabytes with the maximum size of a stored file at 4 gigabytes
File System
The overall structure your computer uses to name, store, and organize files and folders on a hard disk or partition
Formatting
Deleting information on a drive and setting up a file system so as to load the desired Operating System
High Touch Installation
Using this method, you use an installation DVD or USB drive and manually install and configure the operating system on every computer
Image
An exact replica of a computer system used to quickly install an operating system with applications to a computer
Lite Touch Installation
Requires some human intervention in the early phase of the installation, but is automated (or unattended) from that point on, works well in environments with more than 150 computers
Multiboot
Allows you to choose at startup which operating system you want to load
NTFS
File system which supports larger disks up to 256 terabytes, more reliable with encryption and permissions to restrict file access to specific users
OEM Software
Software sold to computer builders and hardware manufacturers for bundling
Partition
Dividing a hard disk drive into multiple logical storage units
Product Key
A unique, alphanumeric code required by many software programs during installation
Volume
Used with dynamic disks; this is how the free space is divided instead of using partitions
Windows 7 Enterprise
Geared toward enterprise environments and requires special corporate licensing agreements, contains all of the same features as Windows 7 Ultimate, but is not available to home users on an individual license basis
Windows 7 Home Basic
Supports the Windows Aero theme but does not include all Aero features, not available to North American users or those in other "developed technology markets" (such as Australia, Western and Central Europe, Hong Kong, or Saudi Arabia)
Windows 7 Home Premium
Contains features aimed at the home market segment, such as Windows Aero, Windows Media Center, Remote Media Streaming, Internet TV, Backup and Restore, and multi-touch support, provides adequate networking and security features to be useful in small office environments
Windows 7 Professional
Targeted mainly toward small business users but appeals to power users as well, includes all the features of Windows 7 Home Premium and adds the ability to join a Windows domain
Windows 7 Starter
Available only as a pre-installed operating system on netbook-class PCs, is designed to run well with relatively low memory and disk space
Windows 7 Ultimate
Contains all of the same features as Windows 7 Home Premium and Windows 7 Professional
Zero Touch Installation
Fully automated method of installing Windows, uses system Center Configuration Manager (SCCM), geared for environments with more than 500 computers
Administrative Tools
A set of utilities for managing advanced Windows features and diagnosing system problems
Chkdsk
A system tool in DOS, OS/2 and Windows, it verifies the file system integrity of a volume and fixes logical file system errors
Component Services
Used mainly by software developers; allows you to manage COM + / DCOM objects
Computer Management
Allows you to manage local or remote computers by configuring hard disks and their partitions, monitoring system events, and managing system performance
Defragmentation
A utility that helps improve your computer's performance by moving sectors of data on the hard disk, so that files are stored sequentially
Device Manager
Used to install and update drivers for hardware devices, change the hardware settings and trouble shoot problems
Disk Management
A system utility for managing hard disks and the volumes or partitions that they contain
Event Viewer
Allows you to view computer event information, such as program starting and stopping (including program crashes), security problems, and more
Performance Monitor
Allows you to view and track system performance
Services
Allows you to manage software and hardware services that work in the background
System Configuration
Allows you to manage programs that run when Windows starts or when you log on
Task Manager
Shows you the programs, processes, and services that are currently running on your computer
Task Scheduler
Allows you to schedule programs and other tasks to run at certain times, automatically
Updates
Additions to software that can prevent or fix problems, enhance the security of the computer, or improve the computer's performance
Windows Easy Transfer
Helps move your files, folders, and program settings from one computer to another
Administrative Level Access
Provides the broadest permissions and therefore the most control over the computer
Appearance And Personalization Category
Provides applets for changing the Windows theme, desktop background, screen saver, display settings, desktop gadgets, and taskbar and Start menu, you can also open the Ease of Access Center, change folder options, and install fonts
Applet
Small applications organized by category
Category View
The default view in Control Panel
Clock Language And Region Category
Provides applets for changing your computer's date and time, time zone, language, and region/location
Control Panel
A utility that allows you to configure operating system features, set up hardware, install and uninstall software, create and modify users, and perform system maintenance
Ease of Access
Configure accessibility options; which help visually and hearing impaired users use Windows more easily and efficiently
Hardware And Sound Category
Provides applets for configuring hardware (including printers), audio settings, power options, display settings, mobile options, and more
Network And Internet Category
Provides applets for connecting to the Internet and other networks, setting up a local network (HomeGroup), and configuring wireless settings
Programs Category
Provides applets for installing/uninstalling software, setting default programs, and managing desktop gadgets
System And Security Category
Provides applets for maintaining the system and configuring security
User Accounts And Family Safety Category
Provides applets for creating and managing user accounts, configuring parental controls, and managing Windows credentials
Batchfiles
A script file containing a series of commands to be executed by the command interpreter
CD
A command-line OS shell command used to change the current working directory in operating systems
CLS
Clears the screen of all previously entered commands and other text
CMDLETS
A critical part of the Microsoft Windows PowerShell environment and enables administration in Windows systems
Command Line Prompts
A user interface to a computer's operating system or an application in which the user responds to a visual prompt by typing in a command on a specified line, receives a response back from the system, and then enters another command, and so forth
Copy
A command line OS shell command used to duplication a file or folder to another location
DEL
A command-line OS shell command used to delete one or more files
DIR
A command-line OS shell command used to display a list of files and folders contained inside the folder that you are currently working in, also displays other important information like the hard drive's serial number, the total number of files listed, their combined size, the total amount of free space left on the drive, and more
DOS Commands
A command line shell where many tasks that can be performed more quickly and efficiently by utilizing the DOS shell
DOSKEY
A command-line OS shell command used to edit command lines, create macros, and recall previously entered commands
EDIT
A command-line OS shell command that starts MS-DOS Editor, a tool used to create and modify text files
EXIT
A command-line OS shell command used to end the command.com session that you're currently working in
MEM
A command-line OS shell command that shows information about used and free conventional, upper, reserved, and extended (XMS) memory
PowerShell
A command-line interface used mainly by IT professionals to run cmdlets, complete background jobs, and run scripts to perform administrative tasks
RD
A command-line OS shell command used to remove directory
Remote Services
An umbrella term for several specific features of Microsoft Windows Server that allow users to remotely access graphical desktops and Windows applications
RENAME
A command-line OS shell command used to change the name of the individual file that you specify
SCANDISK
A command-line OS shell command used to start Microsoft SCANDISK, a disk repair program
TASKLIST
Provides many details on the programs and processes that are running.
TIME
A command-line OS shell command used to show or change the current time
VER
A command-line OS shell command used to display the current MS-DOS version number
VOL
A command-line OS shell command shows the volume label and serial number of a specified disk, assuming this information exists
Advanced Sharing
Offers the greatest amount of control, including share files, folders, or an entire drive; choose users or groups; limit the number of users; set permissions
Automatic Private IP Addressing
The Windows function that provides DHCP auto-configuration addressing
Basic Sharing
Allows you to share a file or folder with a specific user and restrict the user to Read or Read/Write actions
Child Folder
Subfolders located within a parent folder
Domain Name System
A hierarchical distributed naming system for computers, services, or any resource connected to the Internet or a private network
Drive Mapping
Allows you to create a shortcut to a shared folder across a network
Drivers
A computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
A protocol that assigns unique IP addresses to devices, then releases and renews these addresses as devices leave and re-join the network
Effective Permissions
Permissions granted to a user or group based on the permissions granted through group membership and any permissions inherited from the parent folder
Firewall
A network security system that controls the incoming and outgoing network traffic based on an applied rule set, establishes a barrier between a trusted, secure internal network and another network that is assumed not to be secure and trusted
Full Control Permission
Allows users to view and change files and folders, to create new files and folders, and to run programs in a folder
Gateway
A node on a network that serves as an entrance to another network, in an enterprise it is the computer that routes traffic to an outside network, in a home the gateway is the Internet Service Provider
HomeGroup
new feature in Windows 7 that greatly simplifies file and printer sharing on small office/home office networks
Inheritance
folders and files created under a main folder assume the permissions for the parent folder
IP Address
Identifies network computers which helps traffic flow between computers
Modify Permission
Allows users to change files and folders but they cannot create new ones
Network Discovery
A Windows feature that enables your computer to find other computers and devices (such as printers on a connected network)
Network Interface Card
Provides the hardware interface between a computer and a network, typically an adapter card and can be wired for Ethernet or Wi-Fi
Network Location
A collection of security settings that's appropriate for the type of network you want to connect to
NTFS Permissions
Apply to users who log on locally or from across a network
Parent Folder
A folder with subfolders
Permissions
Rules you apply to users and groups to limit actions they can take on shared resources, such as files, folders, drives, network shares, and even printers
Proxy Server
Software or device on a network that acts as a go-between for an end device and another computer for requests for information or services
Public Folders
Allows users to use files just as if the files were on their own computer
Read & Execute Permissions
Allows users to view the contents of files and folders and to run programs in a folder
Read Permissions
Allows users to view contents of files
Share Permissions
Apply to users who connect to a shared folder over a network
Subnet Mask
Separates the IP address into the network and host addresses
Wireless Network
Any type of computer network that uses wireless data connections for connecting network nodes
Write Permission
Allows users to create new files and folders and to change files and folders
Hypervisor
A piece of computer software, firmware or hardware that creates and runs virtual machines
Virtual Machine
An emulation of a particular computer system
Virtualization
A technology that creates an abstract version of a complete operating environment (including a processor, memory, storage, network links, a display, and so forth) entirely in software
Virtualized Client
A Virtual Machine that's set up specifically to run some kind of application that typically runs in an older version of Windows
Windows Virtual PC
A virtualization program for Microsoft Windows for Windows 7
Windows XP Mode
An add-on feature from Microsoft that is an extension to the Windows Virtual PC, once Windows XP Mode is operational, users can run applications inside the Virtual Machine that will not run on Windows 7
Automated System Recovery
Extension to the conventional backup-and-restore, used as a last option to restore files
Driver Details
Shows the actual files installed by the driver and their paths
Emergency Repair Disks
Specially formatted disks that create backups of important system files and settings to handle repair problems, does not replace backups
Microsoft Management Console
A tool used to create, save, and open collections of administrative tools, called consoles
MSCONFIG
A tool that can help identify problems that might prevent Windows from starting correctly
Open Event Viewer
A tool that displays detailed information about significant events on your computer, can be used as a troubleshooting tool by seeing what programs are started or did not start
Safe Mode
A troubleshooting option for Windows that starts your computer in a limited state, accessed by F8 key
Windows 7 Troubleshooter
Wizard-driven tools that walk you through a software or hardware issue to help you resolve it