Terms in this set (37)
Terms used for ELLs
English Learner (EL)
Limited English proficient (LEP)
English as a second language (ESL)
English to speakers of other languages (ESOL)
Language minority student
Non-native English speaker
a person whose first language is not English and who is in the process of learning English
refers to the acquisition of English as a non-native language. English may actually be their 3rd or 4th language
Five levels of English language proficiency
Basic Needs in Integrating New Children
1. Safety and Security
2. Sense of belonging
The belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group.
Replacing the native language and culture with a new language and culture
Adapting to a new language and culture without sacrificing the native language and culture
Strong home literacy and language
greater ease of second language acquisition
Language concepts and language acquisition
ESL instruction and assessment
Foundations of ESL education, cultural awareness, and community involvement
the study of language
the study of the sound patterns of a language; systems of sounds
smallest units of meaningful sound
is ability to distinguish distinct sounds; recognize the sounds in spoken language and how they can be segmented (pulled apart), blended (put back together), and manipulated (added, deleted, and substituted); is auditory and does NOT involve print
deals with the structure of sounds and words. Phonemic awareness is the understanding that words are made up of sounds which can be assembled in different ways to make different words
a study and description of word formation (as inflection, derivation, and compounding) in language
The smallest units of meaning
the study of MEANING of words, phrases, and sentences.
It is the study of the RULES, or "patterned relations" that govern the way words are arranged in a sentence.
How language is used in a social context; the appropriate use of language; rules for communicating effectively and responding to the needs of one's listeners; invisible meaning.
The vocabulary of a language
words that are similar in English and a student's native language because they come from the same root
words sound alike in different languages but are not similar in meaning.
Listening comprehension, comprehending complex written language
Listening comprehension/Word recognition
: Say what I say
1st Language Acquisition Theory
It's all in your mind
A little help from my friends
inspired a movement of psycholinguists to research 1st language acquisition across languages
Krashen's 5 Hypotheses
1.The Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis
2.The Monitor Hypothesis
3.The Natural Order Hypothesis
4.The Input Hypothesis
5.The Affective Filter Hypothesis
natural language development process occurring when target language is used in meaningful interactions with native speakers-knowing language
formal and conscious study of language forms and functions-knowing about language
Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills-
These skills are cognitively undemanding. They include known ideas, vocabulary and syntax. These aspects of communication include everyday language used in routine. Ex: "I'm hungry." or "We go to lunch next."
Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency-
The ability to demonstrate academic competence (analytical conversation, make inferences, draw conclusions, acquire factual info independently) in the new language (written and oral) at a level equal to that of native-speaking peers.
It "requires that ELLs take state standardized tests of reading and mathematics in English after they have been in the United States for three years
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