30 terms

Ereddia Macromolecules

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Macromolecule
Large molecule contained of many smaller molecules
Monomer
Building blocks of polymers
Polymer
Made up of many monomers
Carbohydrate
Macromolecule made up of monosaccharides
Monosaccharides
Glucose if an example
Polysaccharide
Made up of many monosaccharides
Example of a monosaccharide
Glucose
Example of lipid
fats, oils and steroids
Example of nucleic acids
DNA and RNA
Example of a protein
Enzymes
Amino acids
Building blocks of proteins
Nucleotides
Building blocks of nucleic acids
Lipid
Carbohydrate
Glucose
a type of carbohydrate, a monosaccharide
phospholipid
a type of lipid, forms cell membranes
cholesterol
a type of lipid, makes cell membranes more stable
denature
what happens to a protein when it unfolds and loses its shape
enzymes
speed up chemical reactions in the body - make or break chemical bonds
examples of proteins
hormones, enzymes
monomers of a lipid
glycerol and fatty acids
functions of carbohydrate
give you quick/fast energy, helps your cells structure, what the cell structure is made up of
glucose has just one sugar molecule. that means it is a ___
monosaccharide
lactose has two sugar molecules. that means it is a ____
disaccharide
starch has many sugar molecules. that means it is a ___
polysaccharide
phospholipid heads love water. they are
hydrophilic
phospholipid tails hate water. they are
hydrophobic
which atoms are in all macromolecules
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
where are nucleic acids found
nucleus
what facstors denature proteins/enzymes
pH, temperature, salinity
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