APWH Ch 40
Terms in this set (64)
Terrorist network responsible for the attacks of September 11 on the World Trade Towers and the Pentagon.
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Regional alliance established in 1967 by Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and the Philippines; the alliance was designed to promote economic progress and political stability; it later became a free-trade zone.
British declaration from 1917 that supported the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
Civil Rights Act 1964
United States law banning discrimination on the basis of race or sex.
A term, usually associated with India, that placed an emphasis on religious rather than national identity.
Process by which former colonies achieved their independence, as with the newly emerging African nations in the 1950s and 1960s.
People who have settled far from their original homeland but who still share some measure of ethnic identity.
The effect of the international division of labor whereby undeveloped nations are reliant on foreign investment and the export of raw materials on disadvantageous terms.
European Community (EC)
Organization of European states established in 1957; it was originally called the European Economic Community and was renamed the EC in 1967; it promoted economic growth and integration as the basis for a politically united Europe.
Established by the Maastricht Treaty in 1993, a supranational organization for even greater European economic and political integration.
Economic doctrine that unrestricted trade is ideal since the forces of supply and demand will ensure that the best product is available at the best price.
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
Free trade agreement first signed in 1947; by 1994 it had grown to 123 members and formed the World Trade Organization (WTO).
The emission of greenhouse gases, which prevents solar heat from escaping the earth's atmosphere and leads to the gradual heating of the earth's environment.
The breaking down of traditional boundaries in the face of increasingly global financial and cultural trends.
An environmental organization founded in 1970 and dedicated to the preservation of earth's natural resources.
Conflict lasting from 1980 to 1988 in which one million Iranian and Iraqi soldiers die.
Revival of Muslim traditions through the reassertion of Islamic values into Muslim politics and the resentment of European and American societies.
Concept of the duty of Muslims to defend Islam, often used to justify acts of terrorism.
Emphasis of Christian thinkers and social activists on Jesus' role in helping the oppressed, leading to the questioning of the historic role of the church in supporting traditional regimes. Gained widespread support in Latin America during the late twentieth century.
Asian nations whose export-driven models of the Japanese economy experienced rapid growth through the 1980s and were very competitive by the 1990s.
A nongovernmental organization such as the Red Cross or Greenpeace.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
Regional alliance established in 1993 between the United States, Canada, and Mexico; it formed world's second largest free-trade zone.
Trials of Nazis in which the concept of "crimes against humanity" is established.
Organization of African Unity (OAU)
An organization started in 1963 by thirty-two newly independent African states and designed to prevent conflict that would lead to intervention by former colonial powers.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
An organization begun in 1960 by oil-producing states originally for purely economic reasons but that later had more political influence.
Nongovernmental international humanitarian agency founded in 1964.
A Polish noncommunist union that became the core of resistance to the communist regime during the 1980s
Suu Kyi, Aung San (SOO CHI, AWNG SAHN)
Opposition leader (1945) in Myanmar; she was elected leader in 1990 but she was not allowed to come to power; she was a Nobel Peace Prize recipient in 1991.
Strict Islamic organization that ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2002.
United Nations (UN)
Successor to the League of Nations, an association of sovereign nations that attempts to find solutions to global problems.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
UN declaration banning slavery, torture, and discrimination.
Leader of the Polish Solidarity movement.
World Health Organization
United Nation organization designed to deal with global health issues.
World Trade Organization
An organization that was established in 1995 with more than 120 nations and whose goal is to loosen barriers to free trade.
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)
outlawed Communism in Russia
the introduction of pesticides and high-yield grains and better management during the 1960s and 1970s which greatly increased agricultural productivity
Mullahs (religious leaders) overthrow the US backed Shah and establish a theocracy (religious government) that hated the US
Massive postwar economic expansion, slowed in 1990s: Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan imitate Japanes strategies
Mass protests in Czechoslovakia, led by playwright Vaclev Havel, that culminated in the fall of communism in that country in November 1989.
Chinese communist statesman (1904-1997)
Egyptian statesman who (as president of Egypt) negotiated a peace treaty with Menachem Begin (then prime minister of Israel) (1918-1981)
Iraqi leader who waged war against Iran
an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
growth to a global or worldwide scale
North American Free Trade Agreement
the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habitat (or in the world as a whole)
September 11, 2001
terrorist attacks on the united states that killed thousands of people
Corporation with substantial operations on bothe the production and sales sides in more than one country.
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
United States biologist remembered for her opposition to the use of pesticides that were hazardous to wildlife (1907-1964)
novel by Rachel Carson that started the environmental movement
neighborhoods of people from Mexico
the calculated use of violence (or threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
World Trade Organization
a United Nations agency to promote trade by increasing the exchange stability of the major currencies
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
non-governmental organizations; groups not affiliated with any government,
a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
international trade free of government interference
international organization comprised of Western European countries to promote free trade among members
World Health Organization. Caused the swine flu scare
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