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attitude. Speaker's attitude toward the subject or topic. Influences the reader's attitude tpward the subject and the speaker.
blends criticism with humor to convey a point, often conveying a message by ridiculing a person or group and/or some aspect of human behavior
when the character says something to the audience but the audience already knows more
cosmic irony or irony of fate
when the fates or fate seems to have a cruel sense of humor and use it to conspire against human beings
17 syllable japanese poem, 5-7-5 syllables, captures the intensity of a single moment linking two concrete images. tends to be seasonal
movement founded by Pound and inspired by HD which put forth the idea that the poem was the image.
Coleridge's distinction between prose and poetry
prose is "words in their best order" while poetry is "the best words in the best order"
literally unfolding- the entire poem is explained in detail, adressing every element and unraveling the complexity as a means of analysis
symbols traditionally recognized as having a standard meaning. ex..red rose symbolizes love
the visual or pictorial representation of a symbol..ex..crown representing royalty beyong just being a round metal be-jeweled hat
presents an abstract idea through concrete means...two parts: surface story, the larger meaning it suggests
a short realistic illustrative story intended to teach a moral or religious lesson, a type of allegory. written in responce to to specific situations and address those situations allegorically
figures of speech
poetic language that relies not on literal meaning but on connotations, suggestions, and, most often comparisons
metaphor that does not use the verb to be, instead the reader has to take an extra step to understand the comparison
play on words. reminds us of another word or words that are similar in sound but have a different denotation
direct adress to a person or object not usually spoken to. Could be an inanimate object, a person dead or absent, an abstraction. Dramatizes nonhuman things in human terms
opposite of hyperbole, this technique is ironic and creates emphasis in the other direction, by minimizing the importance or granduer of a given subject
Figure of speech in which the name of the thing is substituted for that of another, closely related thing
a seemingly contradictory statement which upon further examination turns out to be somehow accurate. often achieved through play on words
a condensed form of a paradox in which two apparently contradictory words are used together
harmonious effect of words that are put together in a pleasing way, reflects the themes of the poem
full rhyme, initial consonant sound is different but the rest of the words rhyme exactly or perfectly
rhyme in which each rhymes word has a stresses syllable and then one or more unstressed syllable following it
recurrent, regular, rhythmic pattern in verse, involving the stressed and unstressed syllables of words
analyzing and describing the rhythmic patterns that make up lines of poetry by breaking them down into metrical feet, counting syllables, marking accents, and indicating pauses
a line of poetry that ends with a piece of punctuation to indicate a stop or pause of some sort
running together of lines of poetry from one to the next without any pause at the end of a line
most common meter in Engish language. 5 iambic feet per line. Shakespear wrote most of his plays in iambic pentameter
poetry written in some pre existing pattern of meter, rhyme, line, or stanza. Includes sonnets, sestinas, villanelles, ballads
type of couplet where the two line stanza rhymes and the lines convey a complete thought
a closed form made up of 3 line stanzas with an overlapping rhyme scheme; aba bcb cdc ded efe
Italian (Petrarchan) sonnet
octave + sestet abba abba + cdecde or cdccdc or cdcdcd almost any rhyme scheme goes in the sestet Except a couplet
closed form marked by 5 anapestic lines rhyming aabba. Lines 1,2 and 5 traditionally have three stressed syllables each, while lines 3 and 4 have two stresses each
closed form in which the first letter of each line spells out a word of phrase when read vertically
closed form containing 6 rhymed stanzas in which two lines are repeated in specific pattern
closed form of 39 lines composed of 6 line stanzas and a 3 line envoy. 6 stanzas, 6 end words are repeated according to a specific pattern. after these first 6 6 line stanzas, the final 3 line stanza, or envoy, finishes the poem by using all 6 of the repeated end words from the first 6 stanza.
a closed form that can be any lenght; the key to the form is the use of 4 line stanzas. the 2nd and 4th lines of the each stanza are used as the first and third line of the following stanza. often the last line is the same as the first
a sad, meditative poem usually written to mark a death or some other solemn occasion, usually written in a very formal style
poetry in which the poet prints their poem in block, paragraph form and the poem is composed of sentences rather then lined poem
designs or pictures made from letters and words. these poems do not have meaningful messages; instead shapes of the letters to creat pictures
type of folk music, 3 line stanzas, with lines 1 and 2 being the same and the 3rd line being different but end rhyming with lines 1 and 2
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