ART 1041-01 Drawing I summer 2017

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Chiaroscuro
This term derives from the Italian Renaissance (15th century). "Chiaro" means light and "scuro" means dark. The way an artist uses light and shadow to model the illusion of 3-dimensional space on a 2-dimensional surface by means of light and dark values.
Composition:
The arrangement of visual elements and design principles in a drawing.
Contour:
The perceived edges of any 3-dimensional form. Contour lines probe the outer edges of the form. Cross-contour lines intersect at oblique angles and traverse the form.
Ellipse:
A smooth and continuous curve that is symmetrical (bilaterally) around a major and minor axis. It refers to the way a circle appears to change (compress) as its position and orientation to the viewer change.
Foreground
Forms that appear nearest the viewer.
Format:
The outer dimensions (height and width) of the drawing surface. The borders within which the image is contained.
Gesture drawing:
A quick drawing that captures the essential movement, pose, attitude, or character of a subject. It is commonly used when drawing the human form
Hatching:
A technique in which parallel lines are placed together to create tonal variations when modeling form. Cross-hatching is a technique where hatches intersect to create and amass tone.
Light Logic:
Analyzing the position and quality of the light source, and how it affects the light and shadow system on objects. It is the starting point for understanding chiaroscuro and the 10 tonal categories. We are focusing on 6 tonal categories: highlight, light, shadow (half and mid-tones), core shadow, reflected light, and the cast shadow.
Linear Perspective:
A mathematical system for creating the illusion of 3-dimensional space on a 2-dimensional surface. The concept was systematized in the Italian Renaissance (15th century). Some terms related to the system are: horizon line, eye level, vanishing point(s), 1 -point, 2-point, and 3-point. Atmospheric perspective is the way objects appear less distinct as they recede in space. Objects appear to get smaller as they recede in space. Parallel lines appear to converge as they recede in space.
Picture Plane:
The flat surface area of the drawing.
Relational Measuring/Sighting:
Analyzing proportional relationships using a straight edge to take unit measurements. Sighting can be used to measure parts to a whole in one object, distances between objects, height and width of objects, and horizontal/vertical alignments of objects. It also refers to the way composition can be determined through the use of a rectangular window
The Elements of Art
Line, value, texture, shape, color, space, and form.
Line
A point in motion. A connection between two points. "Lost and found" line refers to the way a line appears and disappears along the contours of a form giving it greater life and dimension when combined with chiaroscuro. Flat, unvaried outlines flatten form. Line quality refers to the character of the line such as delicate, aggressive, playful etc... The weight of line refers to the heaviness or lightness of pressure when applied to the surface and its effect. Implied line is invisible but makes a visual connection by virtue of directional force. The eye connects the line without need for it to be drawn physically.
Shape
An enclosed area. For example: Positive shapes, negative space shapes, organic shape, geometrical shape, open and closed shapes.
Value
Black, white and the gray scale tones/shades. (See light logic and chiaroscuro)
Space
The distance between objects in a design. The illusion of depth or flatness. Spatial devices include linear perspective, atmospheric perspective, overlapping forms, and size variation.
Texture
The surface quality of the objects within an image or the physical nature of the paper.
Color
Color terms not applicable to Drawing 1. Drawing 2 students need to review the color term sheet
Form:
The organization of visual elements. It is also a term that is used (often incorrectly) to refer to mass (enclosed substance), volume (enclosed space), or the physical substance of an object.
Composition Principles
(relevant to this course)
Contrast
Refers to opposing forces used to create tension or visual impact in an image. For example, emphasizing light and shadow or roughness opposing smoothness. It can also mean using opposing concepts together like life and death.
Definition vs. Suggestion
Emphasizing a visual concept by selecting areas to define or leave ambiguous.
Directional Forces
Using horizontals, verticals, and diagonals for specific visual impact or to balance a composition
Horizontal marks and positioning
calmness and a flowing motion
Vertical marks and positioning
anchor-like, confrontational, stabilizing.
Diagonal marks and positioning
dynamic movement, instability.
Emphasis and focal point
Pulling the eye to an object or area within an image by the way it's positioned or defined. The eye can be pulled by color, placement, size, and/or definition.
Open Composition
Objects appear to extend beyond the edges of the picture
Closed Composition
Objects and the focal point are contained within the borders of the picture.
Radial Balance:
A compositional arrangement wherein the shapes appear to rotate from or to the center. For example, a spiraling motion or concentric circles
Symmetrical Balance (approximate symmetry in most cases for the artist):
A compositional arrangement that, if divided in half, is the same on both sides.
Asymmetrical Balance:
A compositional arrangement that is weighted differently from side to side. For example, a large object placed on the right side of a painting could be counter-balanced by several smaller objects on the left side.
Abstract Art
An image that exaggerates, stylizes, distorts, or simplifies for visual impact. Often a subjective re-interpretation of a subject.
Representational Art:
A lifelike, naturalistic depiction of a subject. A painting based on the uniqueness of objective appearances based on perceptual experience.
Non-objective Art:
an image that does not derive from a perceptual source. Emphasis may be on color resonance or formal arrangements of fundamental shapes as an end in itself. There is not a literal reference or narrative to the image. For example, an intricate geometrical pattern on a quilt.
Narrative
An image that tells a story.
Metaphor:
Finding connections, associations, and meaning between two (or more) unrelated concepts. For example, saying you have "butterflies in your stomach" to mean you are nervous. An artist might choose to draw a broken egg as a metaphor for disaster.
Visual cliché:
A predictable and overused visual symbol. For example, a white dove to symbolize peace, or a red rose to symbolize love, or a skull to symbolize death.
Preliminary drawings/thumbnails:
Sketches and studies that explore visual options and resolve problems before doing the final version.
Direct Observation:
Drawing from actual objects in space. Often referred to as "life drawing" when using the human form. Not using photographic references. Perceptual drawing.
Content:
The mood, attitude, or feeling conveyed in an image.
Subject matter:
The general description of the theme or topic. For example, "a seascape".
Connotative meaning:
Implied meaning
Denotative meaning
Seeing and describing facts that are actually visible.
Convergent problem-solving
The end determines the means.
Divergent problem-solving:
The means (process) determines the end.