disorder, diagnosis, possible underlying cause, and expected treatment
prescribed drugs, such as sodium polystyrene sulfonate, including intended effects and potential adverse effects
intake and output monitoring
measures to prevent future episodes of hyperkalemia
potassium-restricted diet, including foods to include and avoid, such as bananas, orange juice, tomatoes, salt substitutes, and herbal remedies (alfalfa, dandelion, milkweed, oleander, foxglove, and ginseng)
need to avoid salt substitutes (which often contain potassium)
importance of checking with a practitioner before using over-the-counter medications that may contain potassium
signs and symptoms of hyperkalemia and hypokalemia and the need to notify a practitioner if any occur.
importance of adhering to therapy and recommended follow up, including laboratory testing, to prevent recurrence.