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Arts and Humanities
Chapter 16 Vocabulary World War Looms
Terms in this set (22)
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union, who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition.
A political system characterized by a government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control
Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy.
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
A fascist German dictator of the Nazi Party, 1933-1945; rose to power by promoting rascist and nationalist views
Political belief based on extreme nationalism and militarism, the fascist policies of the National Socialist German Workers' party, based on totalitarianism, a belief in racial superiority, and state control of industry.
A series of laws to prevent US arms sales and loans to nations at war
The British prime minister who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns.
A policy by which Czechoslovakia, Great Britain and France agreed to Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland in agreement for not taking any additional Czech territory.
A 1939 secret agreement between Germany's leader Hitler and Soviet's leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939
Charles de Gaulle
A French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile.
The organized killing of European Jews and others by the Nazis during WWII
"Night of the Broken Glass" November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
The systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
A prison camp operated by Nazi Germany in which Jews and other groups considered to be enemies of Adolf Hitler were starved while doing slave labor or were murdered
An alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.
An alliance of United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union, who opposed the Axis powers in WWII
The act allowed America to sell, lend or lease arms or other supplies to nations considered "vital to the defense of the United States."
An agreement signed by President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1941 outlining the two nations' war aims
Prime Minister of Japan during most of World War II; he ordered the attack on Pearl Harbor. He was later tried and executed for war crimes.
A series of laws passed by Congress in the 1930's that banned arms sales or loans to countries at war
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