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Mitral valve insufficiency

Terms in this set (22)

disorder, possible underlying cause, diagnosis, and treatment, including medication therapy and/or possible surgery
dietary restrictions, including the need for a low-salt diet and appropriate food choices
medication therapy regimen, including the use of diuretics, ACE inhibitors, oral anticoagulants as appropriate
energy conservation measures, including the need to plan for periodic rest in daily routine
how to take the pulse, including acceptable parameters for pulse rate and the need to notify the practitioner if the pulse rate is outside the parameters
dietary restrictions, including the need to maintain low salt intake
prescribed medications, such as diuretics and ACE inhibitors and potential adverse effects, such as orthostatic hypotension, dizziness, and lightheadedness
bleeding precautions while receiving oral anticoagulants and the need to report evidence of bleeding such as in urine or stool, excess bruising, or epistaxis
signs and symptoms to report, such as increased palpitations, irregularity of pulse rate, pulse rate outside parameters, increased shortness of breath, or swelling of extremities
need to use prophylactic antibiotics for invasive procedures such as dental work and to notify other health care practitioners of the condition and of oral anticoagulant use
postoperative care measures, including care of the wound, if indicated, activity level, and signs and symptoms of infection
importance of adhering to medication therapy and follow-up care, including laboratory and diagnostic testing as indicated.