ATI Chapter 14- Ergonomic Principles (body mechanics)
Terms in this set (16)
where does the center of gravity lie?
in the pelvis ( when standing upright)
how do you lower the center of gravity?
bend hips and knees
how to decrease strain on body when lifting?
disperse weight to big muscles in arms/legs to avoid smaller muscle strains
how to lift?
bend hips, knees, and back straight...get the object to your thighs while keeping your knees bent/back straight, stand up while holding the object close to your body, bringing the center of gravity to the load to increase stability
when pushing or pulling one should?
widen their base, pull objects towards the center of gravity, push w/front foot forward, pull with rear leg back..
client is supine with head of bed 30, knees can be slightly elevated
45 degree angle of bed head, knees slightly elevated.
use with NG tube insertion/suctioning, better expansion of lungs, drainage, post abdom surgeries
90 degree angle, knees not elevated.
promotes lung expansion, for pts w/severe dyspnea
supine/dorsal recumbent position
pt lies on back with head and shoulders elevated by a pillow
foot supports prevent foot drop
pt lies on abdomen, w/head at their side
promotes drainage from mouth following an oral surgery, inhibits lung expansion
lateral/side lying position
pt lies on side with weight on hip and shoulder, arm flexed in front of body
pillow placed under head/neck, upper arm, leg to thigh for body alignment
must be turned regularly to prevent ulcers,
30 degree lateral position for pts at risk of ulcers
client is half on side half on stomach, weight is on hip, humerus and clavicale, lower arm is bent behind the pt while the upper arm is underneath.
promotes oral drainage, comfortable for sleeping.
sits in bed/bedside, pillow on bedside table or on lap, pt rests arms on table
used especially for chest expansion, benifits COPD pts.
bed is titled with head lower than foot
use for postural drainage and promoting venous return
reverse trendelenburg position
the bed is titled with the foot of the bed lower than the head, used for gastric emptying and esophageal reflux
pt is flat with legs elevated above the heart
used to prevent/treat hypovolemia, facilitates venous return.