- conformity occurs when you adjust your opinions, judgement, or behavior so that it matches that of other people- When people interact in groups, there are specific psychological effects that happen.
Conformity: The tendency for people to adapt their behaviors, attitudes, and opinions to fit the actions of other members of a group.
- Asch's test had 4 trials. There were groups of 7 people, 6 of whom were aware of the test. They would be shown cards like the one above and asked which of the lines matched exhibit 1. In the first three trials, all 6 of the "knowing" participants answered correctly. The 7th participant followed correctly. On the 4th trial, the first 6 participants intentionally answered incorrectly, in an attempt to see what the 7th participant would do. About 1/3 (30%) of subjects routinely conformed to the group opinion.
75% of subjects conformed to the false judgment of the group at least once.
- example: Asch tested people by giving them clear answers, but making everyone around them say the wrong answer to a question, and so because everyone else before them answered incorrectly and unanimously, they did too. He made them compare the length of things, making the answer really clear, but people still went with the wrong answer because of their surrounding peers
- second guessing yourself
- desire to be accepted by the group and be right influences this
-could decrease if at least one other person agreed with you
1st EditionSpencer A. Rathus
13th EditionLori Watson, Patrick J. Hurley
1st EditionDavid G Myers
3rd EditionDavid G Myers