Antibacterial agents, such as cefixime, ciprofloxacin hydrochloride, ofloxacin, levofloxacin, azithromycin, or doxycycline for gonorrhea and clindamycin cream for bacterial vaginosis
Antiprotozoal agents, such as metronidazole for trichomoniasis or bacterial vaginosis
Antifungal agents, such as miconazole cream or suppository, clotrimazole tablet or cream, terconazole cream or intravaginal suppository, or fluconazole oral tablet
Topical estrogen ointments, such as estrogen vaginal cream, estradiol cream, or vaginal estriol tablet or vaginal ring for estrogen deficiency-related causes
Antiviral agents, such as acyclovir for herpesvirus infection
Allow the patient to verbalize feelings and concerns related to the condition and related discomfort. Provide clear explanations, answer any questions, and offer emotional support and guidance.
Assist with the use of positive coping strategies, and encourage the patient to view herself positively.
Provide comfort measures, such as sitz baths, cool compresses, or warm soaks, as appropriate.
Assist with frequent perineal care. Encourage the patient to change pads frequently if discharge is profuse, applying the pad using a front-to-back motion
Use meticulous hand-washing technique, and encourage the patient to do the same.
Report cases of STIs to the local public health authorities.
Administer drug therapy. Help the patient apply topical agents as appropriate.
Encourage the patient to have sexual partners seek treatment, even if they're asymptomatic.
disorder, diagnosis, and treatment, including the causative organism and mode of transmission, if appropriate
correlation between sexual contact and spread of vaginal infections
safer sex practices, including the use of condoms to prevent or decrease the spread of STIs
importance of notifying sexual partners of the need for treatment
importance of abstaining from sexual intercourse until the infection resolves
use of water-based lubricants as needed for dyspareunia (menopausal women)
importance of completing the prescribed drug regimen, even if symptoms subside
proper application of vaginal ointments, creams and suppositories
importance of meticulous hand washing before and after drug administration
measures to prevent skin breakdown and secondary infections
good hygiene practices, including frequent perineal care and wiping from front to back
comfort measures, such as cool compresses and sitz baths or warm compresses, if itching or irritation is severe
importance of wearing white cotton underpants and avoiding tight pants and panty hose and of avoiding feminine deodorant sprays, bubble baths, and perfumed or drying soaps
signs and symptoms of recurrence
importance of abstaining from alcoholic beverages (with metronidazole therapy)
that metronidazole therapy may turn the urine dark brown.