65 terms

System Analysis and Design

STUDY
PLAY
A collection of activities and elements organized to accomplish a goal. This is the definition of
A. information.
B. an organization.
C. programming.
D. a system.
D. a system.
In this phase of the systems life cycle, the new information system is installed and adapted to the new system, and people are trained to use it.
A. Systems implementation
B. Systems analysis
C. Systems design
D. Systems development
A. Systems implementation
In this phase of the systems life cycle, new or alternative information systems are designed.
A. Systems maintenance
B. Systems analysis
C. Systems design
D. Systems development
C. Systems design
A recent survey by Money magazine determined that out of 100 widely-held jobs, the top job classification, based on salary, prestige, and security, was a
A. network administrator.
B. cryptographer.
C. systems analyst.
D. computer engineer.
D. computer engineer.
In the preliminary investigation phase of the systems life cycle, which one of the following tasks would not be included?
A. Briefly defining the problem
B. Suggesting alternative solutions
C. Gathering the data
D. Preparing a short report
C
In order to obtain financing for the analysis phase, the systems analyst must
A. prepare a preliminary investigation report.
B. justify the expense of upgrading.
C. consider abandoning the project.
D. train users on the new system.
A. prepare a preliminary investigation report.
Including schedules for further development of a project would be a part of this phase
A. suggesting alternate systems.
B. defining the problem.
C. preparing a short report.
D. gathering data.
C. preparing a short report.
The relationship between input and output documents is shown by
A. a grid chart.
B. a checklist.
C. investigation reports.
D. decision tables.
A. a grid chart.
Which of the following is used to show the rules that apply to a decision when one or more conditions apply?
A. System flowchart
B. Decision table
C. Grid chart
D. Checklist
B. Decision table
Which of the following tools present data or information flow within an information system?
A. Grid chart
B. Decision table
C. System flowchart
D. Data flow diagram
D. Data flow diagram
These tools are also called computer-aided software engineering (CASE) tools. They are used in system analysis to evaluate alternative hardware and software solutions.
A. Project management tools
B. Automated design tools
C. Spreadsheets
D. Report generators
B. Automated design tools
Which among the following would not be described in the systems analysis report?
A. The current information system
B. The requirements for a new system
C. The development schedule
D. The training requirements for users
D. The training requirements for users
The final task in the design phase of the systems life cycle is to
A. select the best design.
B. design alternative systems.
C. write a systems design report.
D. examine hardware requirements.
C. write a systems design report.
The first step in the systems design phase is to
A. examine the hardware requirements.
B. design alternative systems.
C. select the best system.
D. analyze the data.
B. design alternative systems.
Determining whether the system can be made secure against unauthorized use is part of
A. analyzing the data.
B. writing the systems design report.
C. selecting the best system.
D. testing the system.
C. selecting the best system.
The costs versus the benefits of designs and the outlines of their effects is presented in the
A. systems analysis report.
B. preliminary investigation report.
C. initialization report.
D. systems design report.
D. systems design report.
During which phase of the systems life cycle are users trained to use the new system?
A. Preliminary investigation
B. Systems implementation
C. Systems development
D. Systems maintenance
B. Systems implementation
The first step in implementing a new system is to determine the
A. hardware requirements.
B. software requirements.
C. conversion type.
D. best alternative.
C. conversion type.
Problems arising in this approach would spell disaster.
A. Direct approach
B. Parallel approach
C. Phased approach
D. Pilot approach
A. Direct approach
This implementation approach is preferred when there are many people in an organization performing similar operations.
A. Direct
B. Parallel
C. Phased
D. Pilot
D. Pilot
The final step of the implementation phase of the systems life cycle is to
A. develop documentation.
B. train the users.
C. select the conversion type.
D. write the implementation report.
B. train the users.
Identify the sixth phase of the systems life cycle.
A. Systems maintenance
B. Systems development
C. Systems design
D. Systems analysis
A. Systems maintenance
Which of the following phases of the systems life cycle is considered as the "ongoing process"?
A. Systems development
B. Systems analysis
C. Systems design
D. Systems maintenance
D. Systems maintenance
Determining whether the new procedures are actually furthering productivity is part of the
A. testing of the new sample phase.
B. selecting the best system phase.
C. designing of alternatives phase.
D. systems audit phase.
D. systems audit phase.
Although the development time is shorter, it is sometimes more difficult to manage the project and to control costs with
A. rapid applications development.
B. prototyping.
C. systems analysis.
D. systems maintenance.
B. prototyping.
A systems analyst uses the six-phase systems lifecycle to improve and maintain information systems.
TRUE/FALSE
TRUE
A survey of user needs is part of the preliminary investigation phase.
TRUE/FALSE
TRUE
Data about how the present system works is collected during the preliminary investigation phase in order to determine the requirements of the new system.
TRUE/FALSE
FALSE
In Phase 2 of the systems life cycle, the primary concern is completing a new design.
TRUE/FALSE
FALSE
Gathering data and information in the first step of systems analysis can be achieved through conducting interviews and doing observation.
TRUE/FALSE
TRUE
The organization chart shows levels of management and formal lines of authority.
TRUE/FALSE
TRUE
More often than not, the current information system is not operating correctly because prescribed procedures are not modeled to the requirements.
TRUE/FALSE
FALSE
Not enough tools are available to assist system analysts and the end users in analyzing data.
TRUE/FALSE
FALSE
The top-down analysis method makes each component easier to analyze and deal with.
TRUE/FALSE
TRUE
If a firm is to decide upon the acceptance of a finance project with a value of $10,000, and if the client has a good credit history, it will most likely use the grid chart to decide.
TRUE/FALSE
FALSE
CASE stands for "Computer Aided Software Engineering".
TRUE/FALSE
TRUE
CASE tools are limited to systems analysis only.
TRUE/FALSE
FALSE
In the design phase of the systems life cycle, alternative systems are analyzed for economic, physical, and operational feasibility.
TRUE/FALSE
FALSE
Selecting the best system is the first step of the systems design phase of the systems life cycle.
TRUE/FALSE
FALSE
In the systems design phase of the systems life cycle, the systems design report usually concludes by proposing one of the analyzed alternatives.
TRUE/FALSE
TRUE
Hardware and software are normally acquired during the implementation phase of the systems life cycle.
TRUE/FALSE
FALSE
Application software for new information systems always requires having it custom-designed to meet the needs of the organization.
TRUE/FALSE
FALSE
In the testing phase of the systems life cycle, processed information is evaluated to see whether the results are correct.
TRUE/FALSE
TRUE
The organization can switch to the old system if the new system fails in the parallel approach.
TRUE/FALSE
TRUE
Periodic evaluation is part of the systems maintenance phase of the systems life cycle.
TRUE/FALSE
TRUE
A(n) _____ is a collection of hardware, software, people, procedures, and data.
information system
New hardware and software are acquired, developed, and tested in the _____ stage of the systems life cycle.
systems development
Systems analysis and design is a problem-solving procedure for examining and improving a(n) _____.
information system
An important aspect of the preliminary investigation phase is to suggest _____.
alternatives
The _____ analysis method identifies the top-level components of a complex system.
top-down
) A(n) _____ shows the relationship between input and output documents.
grid chart
Distribution of information is represented by the _____.
system flowchart
A(n) _____ shows the decision rules that apply when certain conditions occur.
decision table
The _____ describes the possible development schedule.
systems analysis report
The third phase in the systems life cycle is the _____ phase.
systems design
_____ feasibility is evaluated to determine if the proposed system can actually be made to operate in the organization.
Operational
Systems designers evaluate each alternative in the systems design phase for _____.
feasibility
When evaluating alternative systems, systems designs must consider economic feasibility, _____ feasibility, and operational feasibility.
technical
The systems design report presents the _____ versus the benefits.
costs
_____ of the system follows the acquiring of software and hardware.
Testing
Another name for Phase 5, systems implementation is _____.
conversion
The _____ approach to systems implementation is considered the most risky.
direct
The _____ approach to systems implementation is used only in cases in which the cost of failure or of interrupted operation is great.
parallel
In general, the pilot and _____ are the most favored approaches.
phased
Most organizations spend more time and money on the _____ phase than on any of the others.
systems maintenance
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