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STAAR EOC WH The Rise of River Valley Civilizations 1
Terms in this set (36)
People who study the artifacts and remains of humans in order to learn about the cultures of these people.
Great Rift Valley
a valley in East Africa where some of the earliest human fossils have been found
The newest human breed, originating c. 120,000 years ago, of which all humans in the world today are descendants
The historical period characterized by the production of tools from stone and other nonmetallic substances. It was followed in some places by the Bronze Age and more generally by the Iron Age.
long period of extreme cold on Earth
people's way of life
the shift from hunting of animals and gathering of food to the keeping of animals and the growing of food on a regular basis around 8,000 BC
a form of human cu lture in which some people live in cities, have complex social institutions, use some form of writing, and are ski lled at using science and technology.
first civilizations are all located here (Nile, Tigris & Euphrates, Indus and Hwang He)
Sometime between 5,000 and 6,000 years ago, the first river valley civilization developed
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
"land between two rivers."
Umk, Ur, and
Cities in Mesopotamia
Belief in many gods
government run by religious leaders
temples built by Sumerians to honor the gods and goddesses they worshipped
the people of Sumer
Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets
Code of Hammurabi
the first written code, developed in Babylonia about 2000 BC.
River in Egypt; gave life to the Egyptian desert; Biannual flooding; longest river in the world (Over 4000 Mi. long) Had cataracts or rapids; provided fertile soil
a king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader
system of government in which political power is inherited
a large triangular stone tomb where pharoahs were buried
Medicine, Hieroglyphics, pyramids, geometry, astronomy
Indus River Valley
Location of the first Indian Civilization
Harrappa and Mohenjo Daro
the largest cities in the Indus valley that had the world's first indoor plumbing
Huang He (Yellow River)
First river civilizations in China developed by these rivers.
1st Chinese dynasty.
Hebrews, or Israelites
they believed in one universal God, who was both just and all-powerful. This new religion was called Judaism.
A religion with a belief in one god. It originated with Abraham and the Hebrew people. Yahweh was responsible for the world and everything within it. They preserved their early history in the Old Testament.
belief in a single God
the holy book of Christianity
(Old Testament) the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus
A set of laws for responsible behavior, which, according to the Bible, were given to Moses by God.
a holy day for rest and worship
"Thou shall not kill."
An example of the Ten Commandments
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